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Tuzluca is located in Turkey
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 40°02′58″N 43°39′39″E / 40.04944°N 43.66083°E / 40.04944; 43.66083
 • MayorAhmet Sait Sadrettin Türkan (AKP)
870 m (2,850 ft)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Postal code
Area code0476

Tuzluca (Azerbaijani: Duzluca; Kurdish: Qulp;[2] Armenian: Կողբ Koghb; Russian: Кульп or Тузлуджа) is a town in the Iğdır Province in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. It is the seat of Tuzluca District.[3] Its population is 9,619 (2022).[1] It lies near the border with Armenia.


Tuz means salt in the Turkish language. The Turkish name Tuzluca is derived from the salt mines that have existed here since at least medieval times; a salt mine still operates.


Known by Armenians as Koghb, Tuzluca was historically part of various Armenian kingdoms. The town and the surrounding area later became an Ottoman frontier Kurdish chiefdom and a scene of constant warfare between the Ottoman Empire and Persia. It was especially renowned for its salt mines.

In 1746, the region was finally ceded to Persia and became part of the Erivan Khanate. After the Russo-Persian War, 1826–1828 and Treaty of Turkmenchay, it passed from Persian to Russian control. Under Russian rule, the town, now known as Kulp, became part of the Surmali district of the Armenian Oblast and later the Erivan Governorate. In 1829, shortly after the Russian annexation, Baltic German explorer Friedrich Parrot of the University of Dorpat (Tartu) travelled to Surmali as part of his expedition to climb Mount Ararat. Two members of Parrot's expeditionary team, medical students Carl Schiemann and Maximilian Behaghel von Adlerskron, travelled to Kulp with four Cossacks to examine the salt mines.[4]

After the Russian Revolution, the town came under the administration of the Democratic Republic of Armenia. However, it was ceded to Turkey by the Soviet Union in the Treaty of Kars.[5] It was traditionally part of Kars province until the creation of predominantly Iğdır province in 1993. Today, Tuzluca serves as a highland retreat for asthma patients. Apricots and other fruit and vegetables are grown in the district.


In the local elections in March 2019 Ahmet Sair Sadrettin Türkan was elected mayor.[6] In 2024 Turkish local elections, CHP candidate won with 30.64 percent of the votes, while the incumbent mayor gathered 28.27 percent of the votes. However, Supreme Election Council has awarded the mayorship to the incumbent mayor from AKP, deciding that CHP candidate was not qualified for elections. This decision caused protests in support of the elected mayor in the town.[7]


The town has a mixed population of Azerbaijanis and Kurds.[8]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Source: Population censuses (1980-1997)[9][10][11][12] and TÜIK (2007-2022)[1]

Notable people


  1. ^ a b c "Population Of Municipalities, Villages And Quarters". TÜIK. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
  2. ^ İbrahim Sediyani (2009). Adını arayan coğrafya. Özedönüş Yayınları. p. 187. ISBN 9786054296002.
  3. ^ İlçe Belediyesi, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 1 March 2023.
  4. ^ Parrot, Friedrich (2016) [1846]. Journey to Ararat. Translated by William Desborough Cooley. Introduction by Pietro A. Shakarian. London: Gomidas Institute. pp. 160–164. ISBN 978-1909382244.
  5. ^ Parrot, p. xxix.
  6. ^ Şafak, Yeni (2019-12-19). "Iğdır Tuzluca Seçim Sonuçları – Tuzluca Yerel Seçim Sonuçları". Yeni Şafak (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  7. ^ "Turkish election council presents district municipality won by CHP to AKP". Duvar English. Retrieved 1 May 2024.
  8. ^ "Tuzluca". Nişanyan Yeradları. Retrieved 25 January 2024.
  9. ^ "1980 General Census" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1980. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 June 2022.
  10. ^ "1985 General Census" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1986. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 May 2021.
  11. ^ "1990 General Census" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1991. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 August 2021.
  12. ^ "1997 Population Count" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1999. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 October 2022.
  13. ^

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