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Transboundary river

A transboundary river is a river that crosses at least one political border, either a border within a state or an international boundary. Bangladesh has the highest number of these rivers, with at least 58 major rivers that enter the country from the Republic of India, including two of the world's largest rivers, the Brahmaputra and the Ganges. The Naf River is the only river that flows via Bangladesh into Myanmar.

The hydrologic and political effects of rivers that cross significant boundaries are enormous. Rivers have positive effects in that they carry a significant amount of sediment, which aids in building land in estuarine regions. However, this sediment raises the height of riverbeds, thereby causing flooding. International conventions governing water sharing have led to complex political disputes.[1]

List of major international transboundary rivers

River Length (km) Countries
Amazon 6,500  Brazil
 Colombia
 Peru
Brahmaputra 3,848  Bangladesh
 China
 India
Colorado 2,333  Mexico
 United States
Columbia 2,000  Canada
 United States
Danube 2,860  Austria
 Bulgaria
 Croatia
 Germany
 Hungary
 Moldova
 Romania
 Serbia
 Slovakia
 Ukraine
Daugava 1,020  Belarus
 Latvia
 Russia
Dnieper 2,200  Belarus
 Russia
 Ukraine
Euphrates 2,800  Iraq
 Syria
 Turkey
Ganges 3,084  Bangladesh
 India
Ichamati 334  Bangladesh
 India
Indus 3,500  China
 India
 Pakistan
Irrawaddy 2,210  China
 Myanmar
Mekong 4,350  Cambodia
 China
 Laos
 Myanmar
 Thailand
 Vietnam
Meuse 925  Belgium
 France
 Netherlands
Niger 4,180  Benin
 Guinea
 Mali
 Niger
 Nigeria
Nile 6,853  Burundi
 DR Congo
 Egypt
 Eritrea
 Ethiopia
 Kenya
 Rwanda
 South Sudan
 Sudan
 Tanzania
 Uganda
Rhine 1,230  Austria
 France
 Germany
 Liechtenstein
 Netherlands
  Switzerland
Rhône 813  France
  Switzerland
Rio Grande 3,051  Mexico
 United States
Tagus 1,007  Portugal
 Spain
Tigris 1,850  Iraq
 Syria
 Turkey
Yukon 3,190  Canada
 United States
Zambezi 2,474  Angola
 Botswana
 Mozambique
 Namibia
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe

References

  1. ^ "India-Bangladesh Political Relations" (PDF). Sharing of River Waters. Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, February 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-25. Retrieved 2007-12-18.
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Transboundary river
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