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Tongji University

Tongji University
同济大学
Motto
同舟共济[1]
TypeNational, Public
EstablishedOctober 1, 1907; 117 years ago (1907)
PresidentZheng Qinghua [zh]
Academic staff
2,815
Students37,492
Undergraduates18,956
Postgraduates17,871
Location,
China
CampusSiping Road Campus (1239 Siping Road, Yangpu District, Shanghai, 200092)
Jiading Campus (4800 Caoan Road, Jiading District, Shanghai, 201804)
Colors 
AffiliationsExcellence League
Websitewww.tongji.edu.cn
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese同济大学
Traditional Chinese同濟大學

Tongji University is a public university located in Shanghai, China. It is affiliated with the Ministry of Education of China. The university is part of Project 211, Project 985, and the Double First-Class Construction.

Established in 1907 by German physicians in Shanghai, the university now has a faculty of more than 2,815 scholars, including 27 members from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering.[2] Currently, Tongji University owns 29 colleges, 11 affiliated hospitals, and 7 affiliated primary and secondary schools.[3]

History

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The history of Tongji University can be traced back to 1907 when the German Medical School for the Chinese (Deutsche Medizinschule für Chinesen in Shanghai) in Shanghai was founded by the German government together with the German physicians Erich Paulun, Oscar von Schab and Paul Krieg. The school was affiliated with the Tongji-Hospital the German physicians had established in Shanghai on the initiative of Paulun.[4] The name Tongji, which is a phonetic approximation in Shanghainese of German deutsche ("German"), suggests cooperating by riding the same boat. The school was expanded to include engineering in its programs and got its new name as German Medical and Engineering School for the Chinese in Shanghai in 1912. It was formally established as a Chinese university under the name of Tongji University in 1923/1924 and was renamed as National Tongji University in 1927. During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), the university campus was moved from Shanghai first to Zhejiang Province, then to Jiangxi Province and Yunnan Province and later to Sichuan Province. It was eventually moved back to Shanghai in 1946.[note 1]

Tongji became one of the first universities authorized by the State Council to establish a graduate school. It became a member of the Project 211, which provided universities with substantial government fund. In 1995, the university became one to be jointly supported by the State Education Commission and the Shanghai Municipal Government. In 1996 the university merged with Shanghai Institute of Urban Construction and Shanghai Institute of Building Materials. The merger was acknowledged by the State Council as "Tongji Model" in the system renovation of higher institutions in China. In April 2000, the expanded Tongji merged again with Shanghai Railway University. The university is now a comprehensive university which offers a wide range of programs in science, engineering, medicine, arts, law, economics and management.[5]

Timeline

  • November 2010 - Signed a cooperation agreement with Instituto Superior Técnico making IST the Portuguese Campus of Tongji University
  • July 2005 - Signed a cooperation agreement with Politecnico di Milano and Politecnico di Torino concerning the development of Sino-Italian University Campus in Shanghai and establishment of a Sino-Italian House, one year later a dual bachelor's degree project in engineering, called PoliTong, was launched
  • 2002 - Listed in Project 985
  • April 2000 - Merged with Shanghai Railway University (a merge between Shanghai Railway College and Shanghai Railway Medical College in May 1995)[6]
  • August 1996 - Merged with Shanghai Institute of Urban Construction and Shanghai Institute of Building Materials
  • November 1995 - Listed in Project 211
  • October 1995 - Declared to be jointly built by the former State Education Commission and the Shanghai Municipal Government
  • December 1978 - Upon consent by the State Council, resumed connection with Germany and became the window of the cultural, technology and science exchanges between China and Germany
  • February 1972 - Tongji University merged with the Marine Geology Department of East China Normal University
  • 1952 - The Departments of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry in College of Science merged into Fudan University, the Departments of Machinery, Electrical Engineering and Ship Manufacture merged into Shanghai Jiaotong University. In the meanwhile, Tongji University merged the Civil Engineering Department and School of Architecture from Saint John's University, Shanghai and several other universities.
  • 1951 - The Department of Biology in College of Science merged into East China Normal University, the Medical School and the Department of Survey in College of Engineering moved to Wuhan, Hubei Province
  • September 1949 - College of Literature and Arts, College of Law merged into Fudan University
  • June 1949 - Tongji University was taken over by Shanghai Military Control Commission
  • August 1946 - College of Science expanded as College of Literature and Science moved back to Shanghai
  • April 1946 - Moved back to Shanghai
  • 1945 - Established the College of Law
  • October 1940 - Moved Lizhuang in Yibin, Sichuan Province
  • Winter 1938 - Moved to Kunming, Yunnan Province
  • September 1937 - Moved to the south of China due to the Second Sino-Japanese War
  • August 1927 - Renamed as National Tongji University
  • May 20, 1924 - Approved by the government to be one of the first national universities in China.
  • March 1922 - Renamed as Tongji Medical and Engineering University
  • October 1907 - Established as Tongji German Medical School[7]

Present

Tongji University

The university now registers over 50,000 students at all levels from certificate and diploma courses to Bachelor's Degrees, Master's, Ph.D. programs and post doctoral attachments. There are over 4,200 academic staff for teaching and/or research, among whom there are 6 Members of Chinese Academy of Science, 7 Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering, over 530 professors and 1,300 associate professors. The university offers diverse courses in its 81 Bachelor's degrees, 151 Masters, 58 PhD programs and 13 post doctoral mobile stations. Tongji University is particularly famous for its Civil Engineering and Architecture programs. Its Civil Engineering, Architecture programs and Transportation Engineering are ranked Top 1 in P.R. China and its architecture program is by far the most difficult to gain entry into. As one of the state leading centers for scientific research, the university has 5 state key laboratories and engineering research centers.[citation needed]

The university is active in promoting cooperation and exchanges with other countries. It has established links with Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Spain,[8] Switzerland, UK and USA in the fields of education, science, technology and economics. A number of international joint programs have been established between the university and its counterparts in other countries in recent years. In 2006, the university enrolled 1,829 international students.[9]

Anniversary Day

On June 3, 1907, German Medical School was opened in Shanghai. On October 1 of the same year, a ceremony was held. The Anniversary Day was initially set to May 18, on which day in 1924 the Wusong campus was opened. In 1925 and 1926, ceremonies were held on May 18. On the staff meeting on January 19, 1931, the Anniversary Day of National Tongji University was decided to be postponed to May 20, two days after the national mourn with half-mast over the death of Mr. Chen Yingshi (Chen Qimei), a politician.[10] Tongji celebrates the Anniversary Day on May 20 since then.[citation needed]

Coincidentally, on May 20 of 1924, Tongji Medical School was approved to be a "university" by the Department of Education of China. At that moment, both the medical school and the engineering school were approved.[citation needed]

Campus

Tongji University is titled the State-level Garden Unit for Excellent Afforestation. lts five campuses are located in the municipal city of Shanghai, covering an area of 2,460,000 m2. The Siping Campus is situated on Siping Road; the West Campus on Zhennan Road; the North Campus on Gonghexing Road; the East Campus on Wudong Road and the Jiading Campus is located in Shanghai International Automobile City in Anting, Jiading District. In the year 2009, the East Campus was sold to Shanghai University of Finance and Economics.[11]

  • Siping Campus (Main campus)
  • West Campus
  • North Campus
  • Jiading Campus

Academics

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Colleges, schools and departments

  • College of Architecture and Urban Planning
  • College of Civil Engineering
  • College of Design and Innovation
  • Law School
  • School of Software Engineering
  • College of Electronics and Information Engineering
  • College of Environmental Science and Engineering
  • School of Material Science and Engineering
  • College of Mechanical Engineering
  • College of Transportation Engineering
  • College of Automotive Engineering
  • School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics
  • School of Physics Science and Engineering
  • School of Chemical Science and Engineering
  • School of Mathematics
  • School of Foreign Languages
  • School of Humanities
  • School of Economics and Management
  • College of Arts and Media
  • College of Life Science and Technology
  • School of Ocean and Earth Science
  • School of Medicine
  • Institute of Rail Transit

Institutes and research centers

  • Institute of Acoustics
  • Intellectual Property Institute
  • The Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Nano Science (iNANO)
  • Institute of Further Education
  • Institute of E-Education
  • Institute of Higher Technology
  • Institute of Vocational and Technical Education
  • Institute of Automobile Marketing
  • German Academic Center
  • Sino-German College
  • Sino-German College of Engineering
  • Sino-French College of Engineering and Management
  • Sino-Italian Campus
  • UNEP-Tongji Institute for Environment and Sustainable Development (IESD)
  • Architectural Design and Research Institute
  • Research Institute of Modern Agricultural Science and Engineering
  • The International School of Tongji University
  • Center for Asia-Pacific Studies

State key laboratories

  • State Key Laboratory of Disaster Prevention in Civil Engineering
  • State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse
  • State Key Laboratory of Modern Technology of Urban Planning and Design
  • State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology

National Research Center

  • National Engineering Research Center of Urban Pollution Control

Key provincial-level and ministerial-level laboratories

  • Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the State Ministry of Education
  • Key Laboratory of Yangtze Water Environment of the State Ministry of Education
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Metal Function Materials Research and Application
  • Key Laboratory of Modem Engineering Geodesy of The State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping
  • Open Laboratory of Physiological and Psychology in Railway Health Care
  • Open Laboratory of Clinical Medical Molecular Biology in Railway Health Care
  • Open Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Hygiene in Railway Health Care
  • Open Laboratory of Children's Stomatology in Railway Health Care
  • Open Laboratory of Venereology in Railway Health Care

Key provincial-level and ministerial-level research centers

  • Information and Technology Research Center of Civil Engineering of the State Ministry of Education
  • Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Constriction Robot[12]

State key disciplines

  • Marine Geology
  • Structural Engineering
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Bridge and Tunnel Engineering
  • Material Science
  • Road and Railway Engineering
  • Urban Planning and Design
  • Traffic and Transportation Planning and Management
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geo-technical Engineering[13]

Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

  • Sun Jun (孙钧)
  • Ma Zaitian (马在田)
  • Wang Pinxian
  • Yao Xi (姚熹)
  • Zheng Shiling (郑时龄)
  • Chang Qing (常青)
  • Zhou Xingming (周兴铭)
  • Chen Yihan (陈义汉)
  • Pei Gang[14]

Members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering

Partnerships

Tongji has a strategic partnership with Technische Universität Darmstadt, Technische Universität Graz and Ecole des Ponts ParisTech.[16][17][18]

Rankings and reputation

University rankings
BCUR National[19] Domestic 17
Wu Shulian National[20] Domestic 16
CUAA National[21] Alumni 16
QS National[22] General 9
THE National[23] General 13
QS Asia
(Asia version)[24]
General =49
THE Asia
(Asia version)[25]
General =41
ARWU World[26] Research 151–200
QS World[27] General 216
THE World[28] General =185
USNWR World[29] General =196

Tongji consistently features in the top 250th global universities as ranked by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the QS World University Rankings, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and the U.S. News & World Report Best Global Universities Ranking.[30][31][32][33]

Tongji ranked 212nd in the world according to the 2023 QS World University Rankings.[32]

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2024 placed Tongji 185th worldwide and 12th in China.[33]

Tongji graduates are highly desired in China and worldwide. In 2017, its Graduate Employability rankings placed at #101 in the world in the QS Graduate Employability Rankings.[34] Tongji University is regarded as one of the most reputable Chinese universities by the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings where it ranked # 151 globally.[35]

Subject Rankings

College of Civil Engineering

The College of Civil Engineering is considered the best in the world according to several widely cited international rankings, including Shanghai Ranking, U.S. News Rankings, URAP ranking and NTU Ranking.[36][37][38][39]

Engineering

The U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking ranks Tongji University at 15th in engineering among Best Global Universities.[40]

Architecture

Tongji's College of Architecture and Urban Planning is home to one of the best architecture programs in the world. As of 2022, Tongji University was ranked the best university in the world in "architecture" by the University Ranking by Academic Performance[41] and ranked as the number 12 architecture school worldwide in the QS World University Rankings[42] and the top overall architecture program in China according to China's University and College Admission System (CACUS).[43]

Arts and Design

The School of Design and Innovation was ranked 10th among art and design schools worldwide in 2023, and the top in Asia, according to QS.[44]

Presidents

Erich Paulun
  • Erich Paulun (1907-1909)
  • Oscar von Schab (福沙伯) (1909-1917)
  • Berrens (贝伦子) (1912-1919&1921-1927)
  • Shen Enfu (沈恩孚) (1917-1923) (acting)
  • Yuan Xitao (袁希涛) (1923-1927) (acting)
  • Ruan Shangjie (阮尚介) (1917-1927)
  • Zhang Zhongsu (张仲苏) (1927-1929)
  • Zhang Qun (March 1929-June 1929)
  • Hu Shuhua (1929-1932)
  • Weng Zhilong (翁之龙) (1932-1939)
  • Zhao Shiqing (赵士卿) (1939-1940)
  • Zhou Junshi (周均时) (1940-1942)
  • Ding Wenyuan (丁文渊) (1942-1944)
  • Xu Songming (徐诵明) (1944-1946)
  • Dong Xifan (董洗凡) (1946-1947)
  • Ding Wenyuan (丁文渊) (1947-1948)
  • Xia Jianbai (夏坚白) (1948-1952)
  • Xue Shangshi (薛尚实) (January 1953-July 1959)
  • Wang Tao (王涛) (1959-1977)
  • Li Guohao (October 1977-April 1984)
  • Jiang Jingbo (江景波) (April 1984-February 1989)
  • Gao Tingyao (高廷耀) (February 1989-February 1995)
  • Wu Qidi (February 1995-July 2003)
  • Wan Gang (July 2003-August 2007)
  • Pei Gang (August 2007-September 2016)[45]
  • Zhong Zhihua (September 2016-July 2018)
  • Chen Jie (July 2018-February 2023)
  • Zheng Qinghua (郑庆华) (February 2023-present)[46]

Notable alumni

This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they merit inclusion in this article AND are alumni, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations. (August 2018)

Some noted alumni of Tongji University are:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ With a few exceptions, the German members of the Faculty of Medicine stayed behind in Shanghai and established in 1940 in the International Settlement the Shanghai German Medical Academy (Deutsche medizinische Akademie Shanghai; alternative spelling Schanghai). The school functioned at 82 Tongfu Road (later Shimenyi Road) and at #10, 100 Changshu Road, continuing medical and educational activities throughout the war. Upon the return of the National Tongji University to Shanghai, the Academy, with all its students, was re-integrated in the Faculty of Medicine. See (History of) #10, 100 Changshu Road (Shanghai) Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, in Chinese.

References

  1. ^ 同济大学章程 (Chinese) (PDF). Tongji University. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 22, 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "统计概览-同济大学". www.tongji.edu.cn. Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  3. ^ "附属单位及直管企业-同济大学". Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  4. ^ See Roswitha Reinbothe (ed.), Tongji-Universität in Shanghai. Dokumente zur Gründungsgeschichte, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2009.
  5. ^ tongji history Archived 2011-05-16 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "同济大学医学院-历史沿革" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on November 12, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  7. ^ Chronology of Tongji University Archived 2007-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Search - Guni Network". www.guninetwork.org.
  9. ^ Today Archived 2007-09-02 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Minutes of staff meetings of National Tongji University, Tongji Archives.
  11. ^ 上海财经大学武东路100号揭牌仪式隆重举行, (In Chinese).
  12. ^ Research Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Key Disciplines Archived 2007-08-28 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "中国科学院院士-同济大学" (in Chinese). Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  15. ^ "中国工程院院士-同济大学" (in Chinese). Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  16. ^ Darmstadt, Technische Universität. "Strategic Partnerships". Technische Universität Darmstadt. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  17. ^ "Overview: Strategic Partnerships - TU Graz". www.tugraz.at. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  18. ^ "Renewal of the cooperation with Tongji University | enpc.fr". ecoledesponts.fr. April 11, 2022. Retrieved June 13, 2022.
  19. ^ "2023 Best Chinese Universities Ranking". Shanghai Ranking. 2023. Retrieved March 5, 2024.
  20. ^ "Wu Shulian University Ranking". Chinese Academy of Management Science. 2023. Retrieved March 5, 2024.
  21. ^ Chinese Universities Alumni Association (2024). "Alumni Association (22nd Edition): Chinese University Rankings 2024". Retrieved January 16, 2024. Alternative URL
  22. ^ "QS University Rankings 2024 - China (Mainland)". Top Universities. 2024. Retrieved June 27, 2023.
  23. ^ "THE University Rankings 2024 - China". Times Higher Education (THE). 2024. Retrieved October 21, 2023.
  24. ^ "QS World University Rankings: Asia 2024". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2024. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  25. ^ "Asia University Rankings 2023". Times Higher Education. 2023. Retrieved August 21, 2023.
  26. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2023. Retrieved August 20, 2023.
  27. ^ "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2024. Retrieved June 27, 2023.
  28. ^ "THE World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2024. Retrieved October 21, 2023.
  29. ^ U.S.News & World Report (2022). "Best Global Universities - US News". Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  30. ^ Tongji University US News
  31. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Academic Ranking of World Universities". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved October 13, 2022.
  32. ^ a b "Tongji University". Top Universities. Retrieved October 13, 2022.
  33. ^ a b "Tongji University". Times Higher Education (THE). June 24, 2022. Retrieved September 27, 2023.
  34. ^ "Graduate Employability Rankings 2017". Top Universities. Archived from the original on October 14, 2017.
  35. ^ "World Reputation Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). October 25, 2021. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  36. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  37. ^ "Top Civil Engineering Schools in the World - US News Education". Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  38. ^ "Subject Ranking". nturanking.csti.tw. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  39. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Academic Performance 2020-2021 Subject Rankings". www.urapcenter.org. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  40. ^ "US News: Best Global Universities for Engineering 2022". U.S. News & World Report. October 26, 2021. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  41. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Academic Performance". urapcenter.org. Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  42. ^ "QS World University Rankings for Architecture & Built Environment 2022". Top Universities. Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  43. ^ "Top Architecture Universities | Top Architecture Universities in China".
  44. ^ "QS World University Rankings for Art & Design 2023". Top Universities. Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  45. ^ Former Presidents Archived 2007-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  46. ^ "郑庆华同志任同济大学校长 - 中华人民共和国教育部". 中华人民共和国教育部 (in Chinese). February 24, 2023.
  47. ^ Alumni Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine

31°16′58″N 121°30′24″E / 31.2827°N 121.5066°E / 31.2827; 121.5066

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Tongji University
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