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Tomsk Polytechnic University

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National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University
Национальный исследовательский Томский политехнический университет
Former names
Tomsk Technological Institute (1896-1925)
Siberian Technological Institute (1925-1930)
Siberian Institute of Mechanical Engineering (1930-1934)
Tomsk Industrial Institute (1934-1944)
Tomsk Polytechnic Institute (1944-1991)
Tomsk Polytechnic University (1991-2009)
MottoScientia, Libertas, Prosperitas
Motto in English
Knowledge, Freedom and Prosperity
TypePublic
Established1896
RectorLeonid Sukhikh (acting)
Students11,500
Location,
56°27′55″N 84°57′01″E / 56.46528°N 84.95028°E / 56.46528; 84.95028
ColoursPale Green and Black   
Websitewww.tpu.ru/en
Building details
TPU main building
University rankings
Global – Overall
USNWR Global[1]879 (2023)
Regional – Overall
QS Emerging Europe and Central Asia[2]37 (2022)

National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) is a technical university in Russia. TPU was a member of 12 international associations, including the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research (CESAER) until it was suspended in March 2022, and the European University Association (EUA) until it was suspended in March 2022.[3][4] TPU was included in Project 5-100, a 2013 state program aimed at bringing at least five Russian universities from among the project participants into the 100 best universities in the world.[citation needed]

In 2022, the university was ranked #801 in the world by World University Rankings by Times Higher Education, and #879 in the world by U.S. News & World Report in 2023, and in 2020 it was ranked #862 in the world by University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP)[5][6][1]

History

Tomsk Technological Institute of Emperor Nicholas II

TPU was founded by the Ministry of National Education of the Russian Empire in 1896 as Tomsk Technological Institute of Emperor Nicholas II with the two departments: Mechanical and Chemical Engineering. The State Council of Russia made a decision on the establishment of an institute as a polytechnic academic institution consisting of the four departments: Mechanical, Chemical Engineering, Mining and Construction Engineering. The University main building was constructed in 1897-1907 based on a project by Robert Marfeld, an academician of architecture.[citation needed]

The position of the first rector was offered to Dmitri Mendeleev. However, he had to refuse the job offer due to his health. Despite his refusal of the job offer, he took active participation in Institute development. In January 1899, in accordance with the Supreme Decree of the Department of Civil and Ecclesiastical Administration, a student of Mendeleev, Professor Efim Zubashev was appointed the first Rector and Chairman of the Construction Committee to erect premises of Tomsk Technological Institute.[citation needed]

the Sibirskaya Zhizn newspaper about opening of Tomsk Technological Institute of Emperor Nicholas II, 1900

The first classes started on October 9, 1900. Professor Vladimir Nekrasov gave the first lecture on analytic geometry.[citation needed] Among the first professors of the Institute, there were notable scientists: Professor Nikolai Kischner, who discovered the Wolff–Kishner reduction; Professor Theodor Molien, who gave a foundation to higher mathematical education and mathematical research in Siberia; Evgeny Biron, who discovered the phenomena of secondary periodicity; Professor Boris Weinberg, who was an outstanding scientist in physics and glaciologist; Professor Vladimir Obruchev, who was an organizer of the Mining Department and a founder of mining and geological school in Siberia. In the autumn term of 1904/05, Adam Yensh, an outstanding Russian urban planner and a sanitary engineer, gave lectures on construction works and architecture to students of the Construction Engineering Department and on introduction to architecture to students of the Mechanical, Mining and Chemical Engineering Departments. In 1917, Tomsk Technological Institute of Emperor Nicholas II was renamed into Tomsk Technological Institute.

Institute after the Russian Revolution of 1917

1917-40

1905 letterform of the Dean of the Mining Department

In 1925, the institute was renamed into Dzerzhinsky Siberian Technological Institute. In 1930, Dzerzhinsky Siberian Technological Institute was divided into the following institutes:[citation needed]

  • Siberian Geological Prospecting Institute (Tomsk);
  • West Siberian Mechanical Engineering Institute (Tomsk);
  • Siberian Chemical Engineering Institute (Tomsk);
  • West Siberian Mining Institute (Tomsk);
  • West Siberian Institute of Agricultural Engineering (Novosibirsk);
  • Siberian Institute of Rail Transport Engineers (later Tomsk Electromechanical Institute of Transport Engineers), which was moved to Omsk in 1962 and currently is Omsk State Transport University;
  • Siberian Construction Institute (moved to Novosibirsk);
  • Siberian State Institute of Ferrous Metals (moved to Novokuznetsk);
  • Flour Milling and Elevating Institute (Tomsk);
  • Institute of Non-Ferrous Metals (Irkutsk).

In 1934, Siberian Geological Prospecting Institute (Tomsk), West Siberian Mechanical Engineering Institute (Tomsk) and Siberian Chemical Engineering Institute (Tomsk) were united into Tomsk Industrial Institute. On March 5, 1935, in accordance with the All-Union Central Executive Committee of the USSR, the Institute was named after Sergey Kirov. In 1940, the Institute was conferred the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.[citation needed]

1941-59

In 1941-45 during the battles at the Eastern Front of World War II, all research work of the Institute was focused on the development of the arms industry, the assistance to arms production, including to evacuated industrial enterprises in Tomsk. All research work of universities was coordinated by the Scientists’ Committee formed in June 1941, due to the initiative of a number of professors of Tomsk universities. The Committee contained Tomsk scientists, including professors of Kirov Tomsk Industrial Institute (Innokenty Butakov, Innokenty Gebler, Mikhail Korovin). One of the Vice-Chairmen of the Committee was Konstantin Shmargunov, the Rector of the Institute. TPU alumni headed a lot of USSR plants producing tanks and weapons. Timofey Gorbachev, a 1928 alumnus of Dzerzhinsky Siberian Technological Institute, headed the department of the Kuzbassugol Building Complex. Nikolay Kamov, a 1923 alumnus of the Mechanical Faculty of Tomsk Technological Institute, became chief engineer at the Design Bureau producing helicopters. Vladimir Kozhevin, a 1934 alumnus of the Mining Department of Siberian Institute of Mechanical Engineering, from 1941 held a position of a head of the Engineering Office and a deputy chief engineer at the OsinnikiUgol Trust of the Kuzbassugol Building Complex, where coal of the most valuable types required for the metallurgical and defense industries of Russia was produced. In 1942, he was appointed chief engineer and head of mine No. 10 of the OsinnikiUgol Trust. From 1943 till the end of the battles at the Eastern Front, the mine maintained the ideals of the USSR State Defense Committee. Valery Kuznetsov, a 1932 alumnus of the Geological Prospecting Faculty of Siberian Institute of Mechanical Engineering, during the years of battles at the Eastern Front was in charge of drawing geologic maps at the West-Siberian Geology Administration. These maps were required for the exploration of minerals, a necessity in which sharply rose during that period. Over 700 people, including students, academic staff, employees and volunteers went to war. They took part in many battles and only few of them were able to reach Berlin leaving their signatures on the walls of the Reichstag building.[citation needed]

In 1944, the Institute was renamed into Kirov Tomsk Polytechnic Institute. In 1952, the Institute broadcast the first TV program, which was a movie magazine accompanied by sound.[citation needed]

In 1957, the Scientific Research Institute of Applied Physics was set up at Kirov Tomsk Polytechnic Institute. In 1959, the Department of Evening Studies (current Seversk State Technological Academy of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute)) of the TPU Faculty of Physics and Engineering was opened.[citation needed]

1960-2019

In 1962, Tomsk Institute of Radioelectronics and Electronic Technology was set up based on the TPU Radio Engineering Faculty. In 1967, the ITR-1000 Nuclear Research Reactor of the Institute was launched. In 1971, Tomsk Polytechnic Institute was conferred the Order of the October Revolution.[citation needed]

In 1981, the Cybernetics Scientific Training Center was formed at TPU. On October 18, 1991, the Council of Ministers of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic adopted resolution No. 552 “On Reorganization of Tomsk Polytechnic Institute into Tomsk Polytechnic University”.[citation needed]

In July 2013, the University became one of the contest winners to be awarded the status of Leading Universities of Russia. On the basis of various TPU faculties, departments and majors, over 20 free-standing universities in Moscow, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Seversk, Krasnoyarsk, Kemerovo, Barnaul, Chita, Khabarovsk and other Russian cities were opened at different time.[citation needed]

2020-present

Dmitry Andreevich Sednev, Rector of the university, was suspended by the European University Association (EUA) following support for the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Union of Rectors (RUR) in March 2022, for being "diametrically opposed to the European values that they committed to when joining EUA”.[3] TPU was suspended in March 2022 by the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research (CESAER), and the European University Association (EUA).[3][4]

Rankings

Rankings In Russia In Europe In the world Year
World University Rankings by Times Higher Education 801 2022[7]
U.S. News & World Report 879 2023[1]
University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP) 862 2020[5]
2020 Forbes 100 Best Russian Universities 7 2020
QS World University Rankings 501-550 2014
Russian university ranking (Expert RA) 7 2013
Classbase 16 510 1,379 2013
Web of World Universities 12 2013
SCImago 19 142 2,421 2012

Academics

Former names:
  • 1896 Tomsk Technological Institute of Emperor Nicholas II (TTI)
  • 1917 Tomsk Technological Institute (TTI)
  • 1925 Dzerzhinsky Siberian Technological Institute (STI)
  • 1930 Siberian Institute of Mechanical Engineering (SIME)
  • 1934 Kirov Tomsk Industrial Institute (TII)
  • 1944 Kirov Tomsk Polytechnic Institute (TPI)
  • 1991 Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU)
  • 2009 National Research Polytechnic University (TPU)

TPU offers[citation needed]

  • 29 bachelor’s degree programs;
  • 32 master’s degree programs;
  • 9 specialist degree programs;
  • 19 postgraduate programs;
  • 31 research degrees.

In 2017, TPU institutes were transformed into engineering and research schools:[citation needed]

  • School of Computer Science and Robotics;
  • School of Non-Destructive Testing;
  • School of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies;
  • School of Earth Sciences and Engineering;
  • School of Energy and Power Engineering;
  • School of Nuclear Science and Engineering;
  • Research School of High-Energy Physics;
  • Research School of Chemistry and Applied Biomedical Sciences;
  • School of Core Engineering Education;
  • School of Engineering Entrepreneurship.
Entry hall of the TPU main building
Yurga Institute of Technology (Yurga campus)

Yurga Institute of Technology (Yurga campus) of TPU was set up as a result of a number of transformations: the Study Support Center (1957), the Mechanical Engineering Faculty (1987), a TPU affiliate in Yurga (1993) and Yurga Institute of Technology (1993).[citation needed] The institute trains engineers for Kemerovo Oblast. The problem of training engineers was always solved in cooperation with Yurga Machine-Building Plant.

Students are trained at 10 departments of the institute where eight out of them are graduate departments. The institute contains over 1,500 students studying full-time, part-time or remotely. The institute includes eight academic and laboratory buildings with over 70 laboratories.

Center of Academic Geology Internships
Center of Academic Geology Internships

The Center of Academic Geology Internships is located on the shore of Lake Sobachie in Khakassia.[citation needed] The Center was set up in 1959. It is used for completing geology internships at universities of Western Siberia.

ITR-1000 Nuclear Research Reactor

The IRT-1000 Nuclear Research Reactor was constructed in 1959-67.[citation needed] Annually, over 430 students complete training at the Reactor. They obtain practical expertise on control of a nuclear installation, the physical protection of nuclear facilities, nuclear safety and security, as well as radiation safety. Among all Russian operating reactors, only in Tomsk, at the TPU Reactor, international students are able to complete training. They are trained to work at nuclear facilities in their home countries.

Research

TPU scientists search for a new technology for the production of unconventional Paleozoic oil

Research at TPU is developed in various areas:[citation needed]

  • High-energy physics;
  • Chemistry and applied biomedical sciences;
  • Non-destructive testing;
  • Earth sciences and engineering;
  • Advanced manufacturing technologies;
  • Intelligent energy;
  • Nuclear science and engineering.

International cooperation

TPU was a member of 12 international associations, including the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research (CESAER) until it was suspended in March 2022, and the European University Association (EUA) until it was suspended in March 2022.[3][4] Among the business partners of the university is Schlumberger Limited (France).[citation needed] TPU researchers conduct research projects within the grant programs of the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), Horizon 2020, Erasmus Programme and others.[citation needed]

Notable alumni and faculty

Rectors

The following have been rectors of the university:[citation needed]

  • 1899-1907 Efim Zubashev, Rector of Tomsk Technological Institute of Emperor Nicholas II
  • 1907-1911 Vladimir Alekseevsky, Rector of Tomsk Technological Institute of Emperor Nicholas II
  • 1911-1916 Nikolay Kartashev, Rector of Tomsk Technological Institute of Emperor Nicholas II.
  • 1916-1919 Ivan Bobarykov, Rector of Tomsk Technological Institute of Emperor Nicholas II and Tomsk Technological Institute.
  • 1919-1920 Alexander Ugarov, Rector of Tomsk Technological Institute
  • 1920-1921 Yakov Mikhailenko, Rector of Tomsk Technological Institute.
  • 1921-1930 Nikolay Gutovsky, Rector of Tomsk Technological Institute and Dzerzhinsky Siberian Technological Institute
  • 1930-1934 Sergey Kalmykov, Rector of Dzerzhinsky Siberian Technological Institute
  • 1934-1936 Alexey Kashkin, Rector of Kirov Tomsk Industrial Institute
  • 1936-1937 Alexander Nesterov, Rector of Kirov Tomsk Industrial Institute
  • 1937-1938 Dmitry Garshenin, Rector of Kirov Tomsk Industrial Institute
  • 1939-1944 Konstantin Shmargunov, Rector of Kirov Tomsk Industrial Institute
  • 1944-1970 Alexander Vorobyev, Rector of Kirov Tomsk Polytechnic Institute.
  • 1970-1981 Ivan Kalyatsky, Rector of Kirov Tomsk Polytechnic Institute
  • 1981-1990 Ivan Chuchalin, Rector of Kirov Tomsk Polytechnic Institute.
  • 1990-2008 Yury Pokholkov, Rector of Tomsk Polytechnic Institute and TPU.
  • 2009-2019 Petr Chubik, Rector of National Research TPU
  • 2019-2020 Victor Demin, Acting Rector of National Research TPU
  • 2020-2021 Andrey Yakovlev, Acting Rector of National Research TPU
  • 2021 to present Dmitry Sednev, Acting Rector of National Research TPU

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c "Best Global Universities in Russia". US News Education. Retrieved 3 March 2024.
  2. ^ "QS World University Rankings-Emerging Europe & Central Asia". Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  3. ^ a b c d O’Malley, Brendan (7 March 2022). "EUA suspends 12 Russian members who back Putin's invasion". University World News. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "CESAER suspends membership of Tomsk Polytechnic University". Russian Hackerz’s.
  5. ^ a b "University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP) 2019-2020 World University Ranking". muratalper.com.
  6. ^ "TPU". USnews. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  7. ^ S.L.U, Course Guru. "All 6 Universities in Tomsk | Rankings & Reviews 2022". UniversityGuru.
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Tomsk Polytechnic University
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