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The Cambridge Modern History

The Cambridge Modern History
Italy in 1799, from the Atlas (1912)

CountryUnited Kingdom
PublisherCambridge University Press
Published1902–1912; 1957–1979
No. of books14 (Cambridge Modern History)
14 (New Cambridge Modern History)

The Cambridge Modern History is a comprehensive modern history of the world, beginning with the 15th century Age of Discovery, published by the Cambridge University Press in England and also in the United States.

The first series, planned by Lord Acton and edited by him with Stanley Mordaunt Leathes, Sir Adolphus William Ward and G. W. Prothero, was launched in 1902 and totalled fourteen volumes, the last of them being an historical atlas which appeared in 1912. The period covered was from 1450 to 1910.[1] Each volume includes an extensive bibliography.

A second series, with entirely new editors and contributors, The New Cambridge Modern History, appeared in fourteen volumes between 1957 and 1979, again concluding with an atlas. It covered the world from 1450 to 1945.

Planning and publishing

The dominions of Charles V in 1558,
map from the atlas of 1912

The original Cambridge Modern History was planned by Lord Acton, who during 1899 and 1900 gave much of his time to coordinating the project, intended to be a monument of objective, detailed, and collaborative scholarship.[2] Acton was Regius professor of modern history at Cambridge, and a fellow of All Souls, Oxford. He had previously established the English Historical Review in 1886 and had an exalted reputation.[3]

Cambridge Modern History Atlas
(1912), title page

The new work was published in fourteen volumes between 1902 and 1912, in the British Isles by the Cambridge University Press and in the United States by Macmillan & Co. of New York City. Written mostly by English scholars, the first twelve volumes dealt with the history of the world from 1450 up to 1870.[1] The final volume, numbered 12, was The Latest Age and appeared in 1910.[4] There then followed two supplemental volumes.[1]

The history was later followed by similar multi-volume works for the earlier ages, namely the Cambridge Ancient History and the Cambridge Medieval History.[5] As the first of such histories, it later came to be seen as establishing a tradition of collaborative scholarship.[6]

A second edition of the atlas (volume XIV) was published in 1924.[7]

Volumes published

I. The Renaissance (1902)

Chapter Title Author
Introductory Note Mandell Creighton
1 The Age of Discovery Edward John Payne
2 The New World Edward John Payne
3 The Ottoman Conquest John Bagnell Bury
4 Italy and her Invaders Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
5 Florence (I): Savonarola Edward Armstrong
6 Florence (II): Macchiavelli Laurence Arthur Burd
7 Rome and the Temporal Power Richard Garnett
8 Venice Horatio Robert Forbes Brown
9 Germany and the Empire Thomas Frederick Tout
10 Hungary and the Slavonic Kingdoms Emil Reich
11 The Catholic Kings Henry Butler Clarke
12 France Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
13 The Netherlands Adolphus William Ward
14 The Early Tudors James Gairdner
15 Economic Change William Cunningham
16 The Classical Renaissance Richard Claverhouse Jebb
17 The Christian Renaissance Montague Rhodes James
18 Catholic Europe William Francis Barry
19 The Eve of the Reformation Henry Charles Lea

II. The Reformation: The end of the Middle Ages (1903)

Chapter Title Author
1 Medicean Rome Franz Xaver Kraus
2 Habsburg and Valois (I) Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
3 Habsburg and Valois (II) Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
4 Luther Thomas Martin Lindsay
5 National Opposition to Rome in Germany Albert Frederick Pollard
6 Social Revolution and Catholic Reaction in Germany Albert Frederick Pollard
7 The Conflict of Creeds and Parties in Germany Albert Frederick Pollard
8 Religious War in Germany Albert Frederick Pollard
9 The Reformation in France Arthur Augustus Tilley
10 The Helvetic Reformation James Pounder Whitney
11 Calvin and the Reformed Church Andrew Martin Fairbairn
12 The Catholic South William Edward Collins
13 Henry VIII James Gairdner
14 The Reformation under Edward VI Albert Frederick Pollard
15 Philip and Mary James Bass Mullinger
16 The Anglican Settlement and the Scottish Reformation Frederic William Maitland
17 The Scandinavian North William Edward Collins
17 Addendum Note on the Reformation in Poland Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
18 The Church and Reform Reginald Vere Laurence
19 Tendencies of European Thought in the Age of the Reformation' Andrew Martin Fairbairn

III. The Wars of Religion (1904)

Chapter Title Author
1 The Wars of Religion in France Arthur John Butler
2 French Humanism and Montaigne Arthur Augustus Tilley
3 The Catholic Reaction, and the Valois and Báthory Elections, in Poland Robert Nisbet Bain
4 The Height of the Ottoman Power Moritz Brosch
5 The Empire under Ferdinand I and Maximilian II Adolphus William Ward
6 The Revolt of the Netherlands George Edmundson
7 William the Silent George Edmundson
8 Mary Stewart Thomas Graves Law
9 The Elizabethan Naval War with Spain John Knox Laughton
10 The Last Years of Elizabeth Sidney Lee
11 The Elizabethan Age of English Literature Sidney Lee
12 Tuscany and Savoy Edward Armstrong
13 Rome under Sixtus V Ugo Balzani
14 The End of the Italian Renaissance Arthur John Butler
15 Spain under Philip II Martin Hume
16 Spain under Philip III Martin Hume
17 Britain under James I Samuel Rawson Gardiner
18 Ireland to the Settlement of Ulster Robert Dunlop
19 The Dutch Republic George Edmundson
20 Henry IV of France Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
21 The Empire under Rudolf II Adolphus William Ward
22 Political Thought in the Sixteenth Century John Neville Figgis

IV. The Thirty Years War (1906)

Chapter Title Author
1 The Outbreak of the Thirty Years' War Adolphus William Ward
2 The Valtelline Horatio Robert Forbes Brown
3 The Protestant Collapse (1620–30)
     (1) The Bohemian and the Palatinate War (1620-3)
     (2) The Lower-Saxon and Danish War (1623-9)
     (3) The Edict of Restitution and the Dismissal of Wallenstein (1628–30)
Adolphus William Ward
4 Richelieu Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
5 The Vasa in Sweden and Poland (1560–1630) William Fiddian Reddaway
6 Gustavus Adolphus (1630–2) Adolphus William Ward
7 Wallenstein and Bernard of Weimar (1632–5)
     (1) Wallenstein's End (1632-4)
     (2) Nördlingen and Prague (1634-5)
Adolphus William Ward
8 The Constitutional Struggle in England (1625–40) George Walter Prothero
9 The First Two Years of the Long Parliament (1640-2) George Walter Prothero
10 The First Civil War (1642-7) George Walter Prothero, and
Ernest Marsh Lloyd
11 Presbyterians and Independents (1645-9) George Walter Prothero, and
Ernest Marsh Lloyd
12 The Westminster Assembly William Arthur Shaw
13 The Later Years of the Thirty Years' War (1635–48) Adolphus William Ward
14 The Peace of Westphalia Adolphus William Ward
15 The Commonwealth and the Protectorate (1649–59) William Arthur Shaw
16 The Navy of the Commonwealth and the First Dutch War Joseph Robson Tanner
17 Scotland from the Accession of Charles I to the Restoration Peter Hume Brown
18 Ireland from the Plantation of Ulster to the Cromwellian Settlement (1611-1659) Robert Dunlop
19 Anarchy and the Restoration (1659–60) Charles Harding Firth
20 The Scandinavian North (1559-1660) William Fiddian Reddaway
21 Mazarin Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
22 Spain and Spanish Italy under Philip III and IV Martin Hume
23 Papal Policy, 1590-1648 Moritz Brosch
24 Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange George Edmundson
25 The Transference of Colonial Power to the United Provinces and England Hugh Edward Egerton
26 The Fantastic School of English Poetry Arthur Clutton-Brock
27 Descartes and Cartesianism Émile Boutroux

V. The Age of Louis XIV (1908)

Chapter Title Author
1 The Government of Louis XIV (1661–1715) Arthur James Grant
2 The Foreign Policy of Louis XIV (1661–1697) Arthur Hassall
3 French Seventeenth Century Literature and its European Influence Émile Faguet
4 The Gallican Church Stafford Harry Northcote (Viscount St Cyres)
5 The Stewart Restoration Charles Harding Firth
6 The Literature of the English Restoration, Including Milton Harold Hannynston Child
7 The Administrations of John de Witt and William of Orange' (1651–88) George Edmundson
8 (1) The Anglo-Dutch Wars: Naval Administration under Charles II and James II Joseph Robson Tanner
8 (2) The Anglo-Dutch Wars: The Wars (1664–74) Christopher Thomas Atkinson
9 The Policy of Charles II and James II (1667–87) John Pollock
10 (1) The Revolution and the Revolution Settlement in Great Britain: England (1687-1702) Harold William Vezeille Temperley
10 (2) The Revolution and the Revolution Settlement in Great Britain: Scotland from the Restoration to the Union of the Parliaments (1660-1707) Peter Hume Brown
10 (3) The Revolution and the Revolution Settlement in Great Britain: Ireland from the Restoration to the Age of Resumptionn (1660-1700) Robert Dunlop
11 Religious Toleration in England Henry Melvill Gwatkin
12 Austria, Poland, and Turkey Richard Lodge
13 The Treaties of Partition and the Spanish Succession Wolfgang Michael
14 (1) The War of the Spanish Succession: Campaigns and Negotiations Christopher Thomas Atkinson
14 (2) The War of the Spanish Succession: the Peace of Utrecht and the Supplementary Pacifications Adolphus William Ward
15 Party Government under Queen Anne Harold William Vezeille Temperley
16 Russia (1462–1682) John Bagnell Bury
17 Peter the Great and His Pupils (1689–1730) Robert Nisbet Bain
18 The Scandinavian Kingdoms William Fiddian Reddaway
19 Charles XII and the Great Northern War Robert Nisbet Bain
20 The Origins of the Kingdom of Prussia Adolphus William Ward
21 The Great Elector and the First Prussian King Adolphus William Ward
22 (1) The Colonies and India: The Colonies Ernest Alfred Benians
22 (2) The Colonies and India: India Paul Ernest Roberts
23 (1) European Science in the Seventeenth and Earlier Years of the Eighteenth Century: Mathematics and Physical Science Walter William Rouse Ball
23 (2) European Science in the Seventeenth and Earlier Years of the Eighteenth Century: Other Branches of Science Michael Foster
24 Latitudinarianism and Pietism Moritz Kaufmann

VI. The Eighteenth Century (1909)

Chapter Title Author
1 (1) Great Britain under George I: The Hanoverian Succession Adolphus William Ward
1 (2) Great Britain under George I: The Foreign Policy of George I (1714–21) James Frederick Chance
2 The Age of Walpole and the Pelhams Harold William Vezeille Temperley
3 Jacobotism and the Union Charles Sanford Terry
4 The Bourbon Governments in France and Spain. I. (1714–26) Edward Armstrong
5 The Bourbon Governments in France and Spain. II. (1727–46) Edward Armstrong
6 Financial Experiments and Colonial Development Ernest Alfred Benians
7 Poland under the Saxon Kings Robert Nisbet Bain
8 (1) The War of the Austrian Succession: The Pragmatic Sanction Christopher Thomas Atkinson
8 (2) The War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia under Frederick William I Emil Daniels
8 (3) The War of the Austrian Succession: The War Christopher Thomas Atkinson
9 The Seven Years' War
     For a four-page addendum on naval operations see Volume XIII
Emil Daniels
10 Russia Under Anne and Elizabeth Robert Nisbet Bain
11 The Reversal of Alliances and the Family Compact Jean Lemoine
12 Spain and Portugal (1746–94)
     (1) Spain under Ferdinand VI and Charles III
     (2) Portugal (1750–93)
     (3) Brazil (Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries)
George Edmundson
13 (1) Great Britain (1756–93): William Pitt the Elder Wolfgang Michael
13 (2) Great Britain (1756–93): The King's Friends James Macmullen Rigg
13 (3) Great Britain (1756–93): The Years of Peace and the Rise of the Younger Pitt (1782–93) Martin J. Griffin
14 Ireland in the Eighteenth Century Robert Dunlop
15 (1) India: The Moghul Empire Alfred Comyn Lyall
15 (2) India: The English and French in India (1720–63) Paul Ernest Roberts
15 (3) India: Clive and Warren Hastings Paul Ernest Roberts
16 Italy and the Papacy Mrs. H. M. Vernon (Katharine Dorothea Ewart)
17 Switzerland from the Treaty of Aarau to the French Revolution Johann Jacob Schollenberger
18 Joseph II Eugène Hubert
19 Catharine II Otto Hötsch
20 (1) Frederick the Great and His Successor: Home and Foreign Policy (1763–97) Emil Daniels
20 (2) Frederick the Great and His Successor: Poland and Prussia Otto Hötsch
21 Denmark under the Bernstorffs and Struensee William Fiddian Reddaway
22 The Hats and Caps and Gustavus III (1721–92) Robert Nisbet Bain
23 English Political Philosophy in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Arthur Lionel Smith
24 The Romantic Movement in European Literature Charles Edwyn Vaughan

VII. The United States (1903)

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Chapter Title Author
1 The First Century of English Colonisation (1607-1700) John Andrew Doyle
2 The English Colonies (1700-1763) John Andrew Doyle
3 The French in America (1608-1744) Mary Bateson
4 The Conquest of Canada (1744-1761) Arthur Granville Bradley
5 The Quarrel with Great Britain (1761-1776) John Andrew Doyle
6 The Declaration of Independence (1761-1776) Melville Madison Bigelow
7 The War of Independence (1776-1783) John Andrew Doyle
8 The Constitution (1776-1789) Melville Madison Bigelow
9 The Struggle for Commercial Independence (1783-1812) John Bach McMaster
10 The War of 1812-1815 Herbert Wrigley Wilson
11 The Growth of the Nation (1815-1828) John Bach McMaster
12 Commerce, Expansion and Slavery (1828-1850) John Bach McMaster
13 State Rights (1850-1860) Woodrow Wilson
14 The Civil War: I (1861) John George Nicolay
15 The Civil War: II (1862-1863) John George Nicolay
16 The Civil War: III (1864-1865) John George Nicolay
17 Naval Operation of the Civil War (1861-1865) Herbert Wrigley Wilson
18 The North during the War (1861-1865) John George Nicolay
19 The South during the War (1861-1865) John Christopher Schwab
20 Political Reconstruction (1865-1885) Theodore Clarke Smith
21 The United States as a World-Power (1885-1902) John Bassett Moore
22 Economic Development of the United States Henry Crosby Emery
23 The American Intellect Barrett Wendell

VIII. The French Revolution (1904)

Chapter Title Author
1 Philosophy and the Revolution Paul Ferdinand Willert
2 The Government of France Francis Charles Montague
3 Finance Henry Higgs
4 Louis XVI Francis Charles Montague
5 The Elections to the States General Francis Charles Montague
6 The National Assembly, and the Spread of Anarchy Francis Charles Montague
7 The Constitution of 1791 Francis Charles Montague
8 The Legislative Assembly John Ronald Moreton Macdonald
9 The National Convention to the Fall of the Gironde John Ronald Moreton Macdonald
10 The Foreign Policy of Pitt to the Outbreak of War with France Oscar Browning
11 The European Powers and the Eastern Question Richard Lodge
12 The Terror John Ronald Moreton Macdonald
13 The Thermidorian Reaction and the End of the Convention John Ronald Moreton Macdonald
14 The General War Richard Phillipson Dunn-Pattison
15 The Naval War Herbert Wrigley Wilson
16 The Directory George Knottesford Fortescue
17 The Extinction of Poland, 1788–97 Richard Lodge
18 Bonaparte and the Conquest of Italy John Holland Rose
19 The Egyptian Expedition John Holland Rose
20 The Struggle for the Mediterranean Herbert Wrigley Wilson
21 The Second Coalition John Holland Rose
22 Brumaire Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher
23 Revolutionary Finance Henry Higgs
24 French Law in the Age of the Revolution Paul Viollet
25 Europe and the French Revolution George Peabody Gooch

IX. Napoleon (1906)

Chapter Title Author
1 The Consulate, 1799-1804 Georges Pariset
2 The Armed Neutrality, 1780-1801 Thomas Alfred Walker and
Herbert Wrigley Wilson
3 The Pacification of Europe, 1799-1802 Anton Guilland
4 France and Her Tributaries, 1801-3 Anton Guilland
5 France under the Empire, 1804–14 Georges Pariset
6 The Codes Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher
7 The Concordats Leopold George Wickham Legg
8 The Command of the Sea, 1803–15 Herbert Wrigley Wilson
9 The Third Coalition. I. 1805-6 Ernest Marsh Lloyd
10 The Third Coalition. II. 1806-7 Ernest Marsh Lloyd
11 The Napoleonic Empire at Its Height, 1807-9 John Holland Rose
12 The War of 1809 August Keim
13 The Continental System, 1809–14 John Holland Rose
14 The French Dependencies, and Switzerland, 1800–14 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher (The French Dependencies), and
Anton Guilland (Switzerland)
15 The Peninsular War, 1808–14 Charles William Chadwick Oman
16 Russia under Alexander I, and the Invasion of 1812 Eugen Stschepkin
17 The War of Liberation, 1813-4 Julius von Pflugk-Harttung
18 The First Restoration, 1814-5 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher
19 The Congress of Vienna, I. 1814-5 Adolphus William Ward
20 The Hundred Days, 1815 Charles William Chadwick Oman
21 The Congress of Vienna, II. 1814-5 Adolphus William Ward
22 Great Britain and Ireland, 1792-1815 George Peabody Gooch
23 The British Empire, 1783-1815 William Holden Hutton (India and Ceylon), and
Hugh Edward Egerton (The Colonies)
24 St. Helena Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher

X. The Restoration (1907)

Chapter Title Author
1 The Congresses, 1815–22 Walter Alison Phillips
2 The Doctrinaires Charlotte Julia von Leyden Blennerhassett
3 Reaction and Revolution in France Émile Bourgeois
4 Italy Carlo Segré
5 The Papacy and the Catholic Church Charlotte Julia von Leyden Blennerhassett
6 Greece and the Balkan Peninsula Walter Alison Phillips
7 Spain (1815–45) Rafael Altamira
8 The Spanish Dominions in America Frederick Alexander Kirkpatrick
9 The Establishment of Independence in Spanish America Frederick Alexander Kirkpatrick
10 Brazil and Portugal George Edmundson
11 The Germanic Federation (1815–40) Albert Frederick Pollard
12 Literature in Germany John George Robertson
13 Russia Szymon Askenazy
14 Poland and the Polish Revolution Szymon Askenazy
15 The Orleans Monarchy Émile Bourgeois
16 The Low Countries George Edmundson
17 Mehmet Ali Walter Alison Phillips
18 Great Britain (1815–32) Harold William Vezeille Temperley
19 Catholic Emancipation Henry William Carless Davis
20 Great Britain and Ireland (1832–41) George Peabody Gooch
21 Canada Ernest Alfred Benians
22 The Revolution in English Poetry and Fiction William John Courthope
23 Economic Change John Harold Clapham
24 The British Economists Joseph Shield Nicholson

XI. The Growth of Nationalities (1909)

Chapter Title Author
1 Great Britain and Free Trade (1841–52) John Harold Clapham
2 The Fall of Constitutionalism in France (1840-8) Émile Bourgeois
3 Liberalism and Nationality in Germany and Austria (1840-8) Friedrich Meinecke
4 Italy in Revolution (1846-9) Ernesto Masi
5 The French Republic Émile Bourgeois
6 The Revolution and the Reaction in Germany and Austria. I. (1848-9) Adolphus William Ward
7 The Revolution and the Reaction in Germany and Austria. II. Adolphus William Ward
8 The Achievement of Swiss Federal Unity Wilhelm Oechsli
9 (1) Russia and the Levant: Russia under Nicholas I Geoffrey Drage
9 (2) Russia and the Levant: The Levant Edward Charles Blech
10 Napoleon III and the Period of Personal Government (1852-9) Albert Thomas
11 Great Britain and the Crimean War (1852-6) Spencer Walpole
12 Great Britain, Last Years of Whiggism, Parliamentary Reform (1856–68) Spencer Walpole
13 English Literature (1840–70) Hugh Walker
14 Cavour and the Kingdom of Italy (1849–61) Ernesto Masi
15 (1) Austria, Prussia, and the Germanic Confederation: Reaction and Reorganisation (1852–62) Heinrich Friedjung
15 (2) Austria, Prussia, and the Germanic Confederation: German Literature (1840–70) Karl Hermann Breul
15 (3) Austria, Prussia, and the Germanic Confederation: The National Spirit in Hungarian Literature (1686-1900) Arthur Battishill Yolland
16 Bismarck and German Unity Gustav Roloff
17 The Liberal Empire (1859–70) Albert Thomas
18 The Reaction against Romanticism in French Literature (1840–71) Émile Bourgeois
19 (1) The Completion of Italian Unity: The Successors of Cavour (1861–70) Ernesto Masi
19 (2) The Completion of Italian Unity: The Literature of the Risorgimento and After (1846–70) Carlo Segré
20 The Course of the Revolution in Spain and Portugal (1845–71) James Fitzmaurice-Kelly
21 The Franco-German War (1870-1) Frederick Barton Maurice
22 (1) Russia and the Levant after the Crimean War: Russia and the Period of Reform Geoffrey Drage
22 (2) Russia and the Levant after the Crimean War: The Balkan Lands Edward Charles Blech
22 (3) Russia and the Levant after the Crimean War: Russian Literasture (1800-1900) Geoffrey Drage
22 (4) Russia and the Levant after the Crimean War: National Influences in Bohemian and Polish Literature Robert Nisbet Bain
23 Holland and Belgium (1839–70)
     (1) Holland
     (2) Belgium
     (3) The Luxemburg Question
     (4) Literature in the Netherlands (1800–70)
George Edmundson
24 (1) Scandinavia (1815–70): Sweden and Norway William Fiddian Reddaway
24 (2) Scandinavia (1815–70): Denmark William Fiddian Reddaway
24 (3) Dano-Norwegian Literature Edmund Gosse
25 Rome and the Vatican Council (1846–70) G. Alfred Fawkes
26 India and Afghanistan (1815–69) William Lee-Warner
27 (1) Great Britain and Her Colonies: The New Colonial Policy (1840–70) Harold William Vezeille Temperley
27 (2) Great Britain and Her Colonies: The Federation of Canada Stuart Johnson Reid
27 (3) Great Britain and Her Colonies: The English and Dutch in South Africa (1815–70) Archibald Ross Colquhoun
27 (4) Great Britain and Her Colonies: The Development of Australasia (1815–70) John Davenport Rogers
28 The Far East (1815–71)
     (1) China and her Intercourse with Western Powers
     (2) Japan
Ernest Mason Satow

XII. The Latest Age (1910)

Chapter Title Author
1 Modern Europe Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
2 Foreign Relations of the United States during the Civil War John Westlake
3 Great Britain Stanley Mordaunt Leathes
4 Ireland and the Home Rule Movement Robert Dunlop
5 The Third French Republic Émile Bourgeois
6 The German Empire
     (1) The First Seven Years of the Empire (1871-7)
     (2) The Triple Alliance and the Culminating Period of Bismarck's Ascendancy
     (3) Bismarck's Fall, and After (1888-1910)
Hermann Oncken
7 Austria-Hungary Louis Eisenmann
8 United Italy Thomas Okey
9 The Low Countries
George Edmundson
10 The Iberian Peninsula
David Hannay
11 Scandinavia
     Norway and the Dissolution of the Union
Ludvig Stavenow
12 Reaction and Revolution in Russia Bernard Pares
13 The Reform Movement in Russia Bernard Pares
14 The Ottoman Empire and the Balkan Peninsula William Miller
15 Egypt and the Egyptian Sudan (1841-1907) Fleming Mant Sandwith
16 The British Empire in India Paul Ernest Roberts
17 The Far East
     The Philippine Islands
     The Malay Peninsula
Robert Kennaway
18 The Regeneration of Japan Joseph Henry Longford
19 The Russo-Japanese War Frederick Barton Maurice
20 The European Colonies Ernest Alfred Benians
21 (1) The Republics of Latin America: (1) Historical Sketch to 1896 Frederick Alexander Kirkpatrick
21 (2) The Republics of Latin America: {2} The International Position of the Latin American Races Santiago Perez Triana
22 The Modern Law of Nations and the Prevention of War Frederick Pollock
23 Social Movements Sidney Webb
24 The Scientific Age William Cecil Dampier Whetham
25 Modern Explorations John Davenport Rogers
27 The Growth of Historical Science George Peabody Gooch

XIII. Tables and General Index (1911)

This volume includes

  • A four-page addendum, written by Ernest Alfred Benians, to Chapter 9 of Volume 6: Naval Operations in the Period of the Seven Years' War
  • Genealogical Tables and Lists
    • 1. Genealogical Tables of Ruling and Noble Houses (112 tables)
    • 2. Lists of Spiritual Princes, Elected Sovereigns, Etc. (28 lists)
    • 3. Lists of Parliaments, General Councils, Etc. (6 lists)
  • General Index to all volumes

XIV. Atlas (1912, 2nd ed. 1924)

A map of the Franco-Prussian War from the 1912 atlas

This volume begins with an extensive introduction to the maps, written by Ernest Alfred Benians. It is divided into several sections:

  • I. Europe in the Fifteenth Century
  • II. The Age of Habsburg Power and of the Reformation
  • III. The Rise of France and Sweden
  • IV. The Formation of the Great Powers of the Eighteenth Century
  • V. The Age of the Revolution and of Napoleon
  • VI. Since 1815

Except for the first, each is in turn subsectioned for Europe and "Greater Europe", with the latter term referring mostly to the colonial empires. A separate index is provided for the introduction.

There are 141 maps in this volume. Two-page maps are bound in such a way as to prevent information from being lost in the gutter between pages. The concluding index gives the latitude and longitude of the places named.


  1. ^ a b c Huntley Hayes, Carlton Joseph (1922). A political and social history of modern Europe. Vol. 1. Kessinger. p. 11. ISBN 9781419102745.
  2. ^ 'John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton, 1st Baron Acton (English historian and moralist)', in Encyclopædia Britannica
  3. ^ R. C. S. Trahair, From Aristotelian to Reaganomics: a dictionary of eponyms with biographies in the social sciences (1994), p. 5
  4. ^ "The Cambridge Modern History. Planned by the late LORD ACTON, LL.D. Edited by A. W. WARD, Litt.D., G. W. PROTHERO, Litt.D., STANLEY LEATHES, M.A. Volume XII: 'The Latest Age.' Cambridge: University Press, 1910.) Review". The English Historical Review. 26 (103): 612–614. July 1911. JSTOR 549876.
  5. ^ Leslie Bethell, The Cambridge history of Latin America: Latin America since 1930 (vol. 6), p. 11
  6. ^ Roberto González Echevarría, Enrique Pupo-Walker, 'Introduction', in The Cambridge History of Latin American Literature vol. 2 (1996), p. xvii: "The Cambridge history of Latin American literature draws upon a long tradition of collaborative scholarship that began with the Cambridge modern history (1902–1912)..."
  7. ^ William Robert Shepherd, Historical Atlas (1964), p. iv


  • G. N. Clark, 'The Origins of the Cambridge Modern History', in Cambridge Historical Journal, VIII, 2 (1945), pp. 57–64
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The Cambridge Modern History
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