For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Sun of May.

Sun of May

Sun of May in the flag of Argentina, est. 1818
Sun of May in the flag of Uruguay, est. 1830

The Sun of May (Sol de Mayo) is a national symbol of Argentina and Uruguay, appearing on both of their flags.

History

Sun of May on the first Argentine coin, 1813

According to Diego Abad de Santillán, the Sun of May represents Inti, the Incan god of the sun.[1]

The specification "of May" is a reference to the May Revolution which took place in the week from 18 to 25 May 1810, which marked the beginning of the independence from the Spanish Empire for the countries that were then part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. A legend claims that as the new government was proclaimed, the sun broke through the clouds, which was seen as a good omen.

Variations

In the flag of Argentina, the Sun of May is the radiant golden yellow sun bearing the human face and thirty-two rays that alternate between sixteen straight and sixteen wavy.

In the flag of Uruguay, the Sun of May is the golden yellow sun bearing the human face and sixteen triangular rays that alternate between eight straight and eight wavy.

Inspired by the Latin American wars of independence, the Philippines, which was a fellow former Spanish colony, also adopted the Sun of May as a revolutionary banner. This later became a faceless sun symbol in the current national flag.

Description

The sun, called the Sun of May, is a replica of an engraving on the first Argentine coin, approved in 1813 by the Constituent Assembly, whose value was eight escudos (a Spanish currency denomination).

In form, it is similar to—and may be partially derived from—the sun in splendour, which is common in European heraldry. This, too, is usually depicted with a face, and with alternating straight and wavy rays (representing light and heat respectively),[2] though it normally has only sixteen rays.

A 1978 law describing the official ceremonial flag of Argentina specifies that the sun must be golden yellow in color (amarillo oro), have an inner diameter of 10 cm, and an outer diameter of 25 cm (the diameter of the sun equals 56 the height of the white stripe, and the sun's face is 25 of its height), must feature 32 rays (16 undulated and 16 straight in alternation),[3] and must be embroidered in the official ceremonial flag.

See also

References

  1. ^ Abad de Santillán, Diego (1965). Historia Argentina. Buenos Aires: TEA (Tipográfica Editora Argentina).
  2. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1969). A Complete Guide to Heraldry. Aylesbury: Thomas Nelson and Sons. p. 222. ISBN 978-0-17-144102-4.
  3. ^ "Nuestra patria: bandera nacional" [Our fatherland: national flag] (in Spanish). Argentine Institute of Protocol and Public Relations. Archived from the original on 14 April 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2011. Es un sol figurado con rostro humano, de color oro amarillo con treinta y dos rayos: 16 flamígeros apuntando o "girando" en sentido horario, y 16 rectos colocados alternativamente, según diseño de la primera moneda argentina.

Media related to Sun of May at Wikimedia Commons

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Sun of May
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?