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Spyridon Lambros

Spyridon Lambros
Σπυρίδων Λάμπρος
Lampros, as portrayed in the journal Nea Ellas in 1896
Prime Minister of Greece
In office
27 September 1916 – 12 April 1917
MonarchConstantine I of Greece
Preceded byKyriakos Mitsotakis
Succeeded byAlexandros Zaimis
Personal details
Born(1851-04-08)April 8, 1851
Corfu, United States of the Ionian Islands
DiedJuly 23, 1919(1919-07-23) (aged 68)
Skopelos
ChildrenLina Tsaldari
Parent
  • Pavlos Lambros (father)
EducationNational University of Athens
OccupationHistory professor
Signature

Spyridon Lambros or Lampros (Greek: Σπυρίδων Λάμπρος; 8 April 1851–1919) was a Greek history professor and briefly Prime Minister of Greece during the National Schism.

Biography

He was born in Corfu in 1851 and was educated in London, Paris and Vienna, studying history. His father, Pavlos Lambros, was an Aromanian (Vlach) from Kalarrytes in Epirus,[1] meaning that Lambros was of Aromanian origin himself.[2]

In 1890, he joined the faculty of the University of Athens and taught history and ancient literature. He became Provost of the university in 1893, serving in that capacity twice, 1893–1894 and 1912–1913.

After 1903, Lambros started an academic movement called Neos Hellenomnemon (Νέος Ἑλληνομνήμων) which studied the scientific and philosophical developments of the Greek-speaking world during the Byzantine and Ottoman eras.

In October 1916 with Greece in the midst of the National Schism and under two governments (Eleftherios Venizelos in Thessaloniki and King Constantine in Athens), the formerly Liberal (and associated with Venizelos) Lambros accepted the King's commission to form a government in Athens. Eventually, riots took place in Athens (the Noemvriana), for which Lambros was judged responsible due to mis-management. He resigned as Prime Minister. After the exile of the king in summer 1917, Lambros was put in internal exile by the Venizelists, in Hydra and Skopelos.

He died in Skopelos on 23 July 1919.[3]

Legacy

His daughter, Lina Tsaldari, was elected to Parliament in 1956 and became the first woman in the Greek Cabinet as Minister of Social Welfare.

Works

  • Catalogue of the Greek Manuscripts on Mount Athos (2 vol. set) vol.1, vol.2
  • Ecthesis Chronica And Chronicon Athenarum

References

  1. ^ Jovanovski, Dalibor; Minov, Nikola (2017). "Ioannis Kolettis. The Vlach from the ruling elite of Greece". Balcanica Posnaniensia. 24 (1). Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań: 222–223. ISSN 2450-3177. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  2. ^ Kahl, Thede (2003). "Aromanians in Greece: Minority or Vlach-speaking Greeks?". Jahrbücher für Geschichte und Kultur Südosteuropas. 5: 213. Indeed, the list of examples of Aromanians in Greek history is quite impressive: [...] Spyridon Lambros (1851-1919, historian and politician)
  3. ^ Note: Greece officially adopted the Gregorian calendar on 16 February 1923 (which became 1 March). All dates prior to that, unless specifically denoted, are Old Style.
Preceded byNikolaos Kalogeropoulos Prime Minister of Greece 27 September 1916 – 21 April 1917 Succeeded byAlexandros Zaimis


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Spyridon Lambros
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