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Sosnovy Bor, Leningrad Oblast

Sosnovy Bor
Сосновый Бор
Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant
Flag of Sosnovy Bor
Coat of arms of Sosnovy Bor
Location of Sosnovy Bor
Map
Sosnovy Bor is located in Russia
Sosnovy Bor
Sosnovy Bor
Location of Sosnovy Bor
Sosnovy Bor is located in Leningrad Oblast
Sosnovy Bor
Sosnovy Bor
Sosnovy Bor (Leningrad Oblast)
Coordinates: 59°53′23″N 29°05′08″E / 59.88972°N 29.08556°E / 59.88972; 29.08556
CountryRussia
Federal subjectLeningrad Oblast[1]
Urban-type settlement1958[2]
Town status sinceApril 19, 1973[2]
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 • Total65,788
 • Rank239th in 2010
 • Subordinated toSosnovoborsky Municipal Formation with Urban Okrug Status[1]
 • Capital ofSosnovoborsky Municipal Formation with Urban Okrug Status[1]
 • Urban okrugSosnovoborsky Urban Okrug[4]
 • Capital ofSosnovoborsky Urban Okrug[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
188540Edit this on Wikidata
Dialing code(s)+7 81369[7]
OKTMO ID41754000001
Town DayApril 19
Websitewww.sbor.ru

Sosnovy Bor (Russian: Сосно́вый Бор, lit. pine forest) is a town in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, situated on the Koporye Bay of the Gulf of Finland, 81 kilometers (50 mi) west of St. Petersburg. The town of Sosnovy Bor is surrounded by Lomonosovsky District. Population: 65,788 (2010 Russian census);[3] 66,132 (2002 Census);[8] 55,800 (1989 Soviet census).[9]

History

It was founded in 1958 as urban-type settlement serving the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant and granted urban-settlement status on December 10, 1958.[10] At the time, it was a part of Lomonosovsky District of Leningrad Oblast. On April 19, 1973, Sosnovy Bor was granted town status and became a town of oblast significance, after which it was no longer a part of Lomonosovsky District.[2]

Timeline

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  • 1958 Sosnovy Bor founded
  • 1961 A branch of the Leningrad Special Purpose Combine "Radon" was created. Today this is the state-owned corporation for collection, processing and long-term storage of radioactive waste.
  • 1962 State Station tor testing of marine nuclear power plants was created as a branch of Kurchatov's Institute for Atomic Energy (IAE). In 1966 it became Scientific and Technological Research Institute (NITI in Russian)
  • 1963 A branch of S. I. Vavilov's State Optical Institution was built.
  • 1966 North Construction Administration (Russian Северное управление строительства, СУС) was created. Its major goal was building the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant.
  • April 19, 1973 Sosnovy Bor was granted town status. This date is now the town's holiday.
  • December 23, 1973 The first reactor of Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant produced its first power.
  • 1981 The fourth reactor of the LNPP was started. LNPP became the largest world nuclear power plant (4 GW)
  • 1996 First mayor elected.

Restricted access

Due to high concentration of classified research facilities, nuclear energy industries, and military installations, access to Sosnovy Bor is only by special permit (except for the inhabitants of the town).

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Sosnovoborsky Municipal Formation with Urban Okrug Status—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Sosnovoborsky Municipal Formation with Urban Okrug Status is incorporated as Sosnovoborsky Urban Okrug.[4]

Economy

Industry

Sosnovy Bor is known for its research institutes and construction industry. There are about five hundred large, medium, and small enterprises functioning in the town. In 2005, the working capital investment grew by 15%.

The most prominent organizations in Sosnovy Bor include:

  • Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant which provides district heating for the town;[11]
  • Alexandrov Research Technological Institute — a state-owned research facility mostly dedicated to development and testing of nuclear ships and submarines power plants;[12]
  • Nuclear waste disposal facility: branch of the state-owned "Russian Radioactive Waste" ("РосРАО");[13]
  • Former Branch of the State Optical Institution, now a separate "Research Institute for Complex Testing of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems".

Transportation

Kalishche railway station

Sosnovy Bor is located on the railway connecting the Baltiysky railway station of Saint Petersburg with Veymarn. There are two railway stations in the town, Kalishche railway station and 80 km railway platform. Both are served by suburban connections from Saint Petersburg. West of Kalishche, there is no passenger service.

The town is connected by road to Saint Petersburg via Lebyazhye, and is included in the dense road network south of Sosnovy Bor, which, in particular, provides access to Kingisepp and Volosovo.

Sports and education

Town's educational facilities include fourteen kindergartens, eleven schools (two of them private), one children's shelter (state-subsidized boarding school for abandoned children), five secondary schools, one polytechnic lyceum, and three branches of St. Petersburg-based universities.

107 sports organizations and 11 civil society organizations are registered in the town.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c Наукограды: Сосновый Бор (in Russian). ФГБНУ НИИ РИНКЦЭ. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ a b c Oblast Law #22-oz
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Ленинградская область (in Russian). Телефонные коды России. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
  8. ^ Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Ораниенбаумский район (авг.1927 - фев. 1948 г .), Ломоносовский район (фев.1948 - фев. 196З, янв.1965) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  11. ^ "Leningrad II plant begins providing district heating". World Nuclear News. December 2, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  12. ^ НИТИ им. А.П. Александрова (in Russian). НИТИ им. А.П. Александрова. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  13. ^ Северо-западный территориальный округ (in Russian). ФГУП «РосРАО». Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved March 24, 2013.

Sources

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №22-оз от 31 марта 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Сосновоборский городской округ», в ред. Областного закона №17-оз от 6 мая 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы в связи с принятием федерального закона "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации в связи с совершенствованием организации местного самоуправления"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (14 мая 2005 г.). Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №15, 4 мая 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #22-oz of March 31, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Sosnovoborsky Urban Okrug, as amended by the Oblast Law #17-oz of May 6, 2010 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Amending Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Due to the Improvement of the Organization of the Local Self-Government". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (May 14, 2005).).
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Sosnovy Bor, Leningrad Oblast
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