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Sirba, West Darfur

Sirba
سربا
Sirba is located in Sudan
Sirba
Sirba
Location in Sudan (West Darfur state highlighted)
Coordinates: 13°49′20.87″N 22°27′31.71″E / 13.8224639°N 22.4588083°E / 13.8224639; 22.4588083
CountrySudan
StateWest Darfur
Elevation
801 m (2,628 ft)
Time zoneCentral Africa Time, GMT + 3

Sirba (Arabic: سربا) is a town in West Darfur, Sudan. It lies approximately 23 kilometres (14 mi) north of El Geneina, which is the capital of West Darfur. The town has been subjected to attacks and violence by the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and allied gunmen during the ongoing conflict in the region.[1][2]

History

Sirba has been subject to violent seizure and destruction by the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and allied Arab militias multiple times.[3][4][5] During the 2023 Sudan conflict, Sirba has experienced significant destruction and has been nearly destroyed or burned to the ground multiple times. Satellite data shows the massive fire destruction in the town in late July 2023, leading to tens of thousands of civilians fleeing for their lives.[3]

The attacks involved looting, burning of homes and markets, and targeted violence against the ethnic African communities, particularly the Eringa tribe.[4][5] These attacks have led to significant loss of life, with hundreds of residents killed and thousands injured or displaced, including many who fled to Chad seeking safety.[5][6]

Human Rights Watch has called for robust measures to address the ongoing atrocities, urging the United States to take action at the UN Security Council to protect civilians and hold those responsible for the violence accountable.[3] The United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) has expressed grave concern over the targeting of civilians and public facilities by the RSF and allied militias, and the need for urgent action to ensure the safety and protection of civilians in Darfur.[7]

The conflict in Darfur has been ongoing for many years, and there have been efforts to resolve the violence through peace talks, but the situation remains volatile. The recent escalation of fighting in the region has raised fears of a new wave of ethnic violence, as civilians, including students and higher education staff, are increasingly caught up in the conflict.[8] The attacks have also prompted the withdrawal of humanitarian workers due to security concerns, leaving refugees and displaced people in precarious conditions.[6]

References

  1. ^ Lisa (2023-07-28). "Sudan war: RSF seize Sirba in West Darfur, heavy battles in Nyala and Khartoum". Dabanga Radio TV Online. Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  2. ^ "Press Releases & Statements – Darfur Women Action Group". Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  3. ^ a b c "Sudan: New Attacks in Darfur". Human Rights Watch. 2023-08-04. Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  4. ^ a b "RSF Attack Sirba, West Darfur, Sudan". genocidewatch. 2023-08-01. Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  5. ^ a b c Camille (2023-08-01). "Tragic stories from Sirba as violence in West Darfur spreads". Dabanga Radio TV Online. Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  6. ^ a b Pagonis, Jennifer (2008-02-19). "Chad: Bombing close to Sudanese border forces UNHCR to withdraw for the day".
  7. ^ "STATEMENT BY UNITAMS ON THE SITUATION IN DARFUR". UNITAMS. 2023-08-03. Retrieved 2023-08-04.
  8. ^ "Concern that war is reigniting ethnic violence in Darfur". University World News. Retrieved 2023-08-04.
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Sirba, West Darfur
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