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Siege of Trebizond (1282)

Siege of Trebizond
Part of the Byzantine–Georgian wars
DateApril 1282
Location40°59′37″N 39°40′03″E / 40.99361°N 39.66750°E / 40.99361; 39.66750
Result Trebizonid Victory
Territorial
changes
King David Narin failed to take the city, but the Georgians succeeded in annexing the eastern part of the empire.[1][2]
Belligerents
Empire of Trebizond Kingdom of Western Georgia
Commanders and leaders
John II of Trebizond David I of Imereti

The siege of Trebizond (Georgian: ტრაპიზონის ალყა,) in April 1282 was an unsuccessful siege of Trebizond, the capital of the Empire of Trebizond, by the Georgian king David I of Imereti.[3]

Background

In the second half of the 13th century, when the political integrity of Georgia was broken and the state was divided into two kingdoms, Georgian influence in the Empire of Trebizond began to decline, and pro-Byzantine tendencies appeared in separate groups of the ruling circles of Trebizond.[4] This resulted in a struggle for political hegemony in the Empire of Trebizond between the Georgian and Byzantine parties that lasted for years. In 1281, a coup took place in Trebizond, organized by the Georgian party. Emperor John II, who became the son-in-law of the royal house of the Byzantine Palaiologos, was deposed from the throne and even captured. Then he was released from prison, but he was not allowed to stay in Trebizond, and the deposed king went to Constantinople.

Siege

In 1282, during John's absence from Trebizond, his relative, David Narin, tried to restore Georgian influence in the empire, David invaded the empire in April 1282 and captured many provinces (including the historical Chaneti) and besieged the capital.[2][4] Though King David failed to take the city, the Georgians succeeded in annexing the eastern part of the empire.[1][2]

Aftermath

In 1284, the Kingdom of Western Georgia helped John's half-sister Theodora, daughter of Manuel I and his second wife Rusudan, and possible niece of David VI,[5] to seize the crown from her half-brother.[6] She became empress for a few months, though soon in 1285 John II returned to the empire and regained power, and Queen Theodora took refuge in Georgia.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Salia 1980, p. 235.
  2. ^ a b c William Miller, Trebizond: The last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era: 1204–1461, 1926 (Chicago: Argonaut, 1969), p. 30
  3. ^ (in Georgian) „ჭანეთ-ლაზეთის ისტორიის გამო“ Archived 2018-09-04 at the Wayback Machine, Pavle Ingorokva.
  4. ^ a b Rayfield, Donald (2012-12-15). Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia (Kindle ed.). London: Reaktion Books. p. 132. ISBN 978-1-78023-030-6.
  5. ^ William Miller, Trebizond: The last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era: 1204-1461, 1926 (Chicago: Argonaut, 1969), p.  30
  6. ^ William Miller, Trebizond: The last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era: 1204-1461, 1926 (Chicago: Argonaut, 1969), p.  30
  7. ^ Jackson Williams, Kelsey (2007). "A Genealogy of the Grand Komnenoi of Trebizond". Foundations: The Journal of the Foundation for Mediaeval Genealogy. 2 (3): 175. hdl:10023/8570. ISSN 1479-5078.

Bibliography

  • Savvides, Alexios G. K. (2009). Ιστορία της Αυτοκρατορίας των Μεγάλων Κομνηνών της Τραπεζούντας (1204–1461). 2η Έκδοση με προσθήκες [History of the Empire of the Grand Komnenoi of Trebizond (1204–1461). 2nd Edition with additions] (in Greek). Thessaloniki: Kyriakidis Brothers S.A. pp. 70–71. ISBN 978-960-467-121-2.
  • Salia, Kalistrat (1980). Histoire de la nation géorgienne. Paris: Édition Nino Salia.
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Siege of Trebizond (1282)
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