For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Siege of Birtvisi (1403).

Siege of Birtvisi (1403)

Siege of Birtvisi
Part of Timurid invasions of Georgia
Result Timurid victory
Timurid Empire
Kingdom of Georgia
Commanders and leaders
Ibrahim I
Ivane Toreli

The siege of Birtvisi was a siege laid by the Timurid sultan, Timur, against Birtvisi Fortress in eastern Georgia in 1403.[1][2]


The Birtvisi canyon with the Sheupovari tower on top of a rock

In medieval Georgia, the fortress Birtvisi entertained a reputation of an impregnable stronghold whose master could control the entire strategic Algeti gorge.[1] In 1403, Timur sent his vassal, Shah Ibrahim of Shirvan to lead an attack on the fortress. The defense of the fortress was led by Ivane Toreli, who commanded 150 soldiers in addition to 30 Aznauri and their families.[3] It took eight attempts for Timurid forces to subdue the fortress.[4] On 12 August, the gates were stormed by 52 Merkit volunteers who were experts at rock climbing. The surviving defenders were killed and their wives and children given to Ibrahim's officers. Commander Ivane Toreli's wife was added to the Ibrahim's harem.[3]


  1. ^ a b Allen, William Edward David (1932), A History of the Georgian People: From the Beginning Down to the Russian Conquest in the Nineteenth Century, p. 125. Taylor & Francis
  2. ^ Gabriel Michaud, Louis (1816). Biographie universelle, ancienne et moderne ou Histoire, par ordre alphabétique, de la vie publique et privée de tous les hommes qui se sont fait remarquer par leurs écrits, leurs actions, leurs talents, leurs vertus ou leurs crimes: Ge - Go, Volume 17. Michaud, 1816. Retrieved 9 Jan 2009.
  3. ^ a b Rayfeld, Donald (15 February 2013). Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia. Reaktion Books, 2013. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-78023-070-2.
  4. ^ "Jim in Georgia". Archived from the original on August 15, 2016. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Siege of Birtvisi (1403)
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?