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Short-crested monarch

Short-crested monarch
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Monarchidae
Genus: Hypothymis
Species:
H. helenae
Binomial name
Hypothymis helenae
(Steere, 1890)
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms
  • Cyanomyas [sic] Helenae

The short-crested monarch (Hypothymis helenae) is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is endemic to the Philippines. It is found in tropical moist lowland forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Description and taxonomy

EBird describes the bird as "A fairly small bird of lowland and foothill forest understory. Male has deep-blue upperparts, head, and chest and a white belly. Told from Black-naped Monarch by its black mark between the eye and bill and from Celestial Monarch by its shorter, bushy crest. Female is told from other monarchs by its gray-blue upperparts. Song is a series of clear piping notes, increasing in volume. Also gives a 2- to 3-note call of sharp rasping notes with the first note higher-pitched."[2] It is often seen in mixed species flocks along with other birds such as Blue-headed fantail, Rufous paradise flycatcher, Sulphur-billed nuthatch and other small forest birds.

Alternate names for the short-crested monarch include the paradise flycatcher monarch and short-crested blue-monarch.[3]

Subspecies

Three subspecies are recognized:[4]

and squeals."

Habitat and conservation status

This species is poorly known, but is reported to occupy the understorey of forest below 1,000 m. It is said to be more common on smaller islands such as Camiguin.

IUCN has assessed this bird as near threatened This species' main threat is habitat loss with wholesale clearance of forest habitats as a result of logging, agricultural conversion and mining activities occurring within the range.

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2017). "Hypothymis helenae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T22707074A118765034. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22707074A118765034.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Short-crested Monarch". Ebird.
  3. ^ "Hypothymis helenae - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  4. ^ "IOC World Bird List 6.3". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.3.


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Short-crested monarch
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