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Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party

Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party
AbbreviationSFF
Founded2 May 1992
HeadquartersSydney, New South Wales, Australia
IdeologyConservatism[1][2][3]
Green conservatism[4][5][6][7]
Agrarianism
Gun rights[6]
Political positionRight-wing
NSW Legislative Council
2 / 42
Victorian Legislative Council
1 / 40
NSW local government councillors
3 / 1,480
Website
shootersfishersandfarmers.org.au
Seats in local government
Coolamon[8]
1 / 9
Goulburn Mulwaree[9]
1 / 9
Orange[10]
1 / 12

The Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (SFF) is a conservative Australian political party. It primarily advocates for increased funding and services for rural and regional Australia,[11] protecting the right to farm,[12] enhancing commercial and recreational fishing,[13] tougher sentencing for illegal firearm trade and usage,[14] and relaxing gun control for law abiding citizens.[15]

The party was formed in 1992, and was known simply as the Shooters Party. It initially operated only in New South Wales, but has since expanded into other states. It was registered with the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) in 2007, and contested its first federal election the same year.[16] In July 2009, the party changed its name to the Shooters and Fishers Party,[17] and in April 2016, the name was changed to its current name.[18][19] The party has also gradually broadened its policy focus, with water and regional health care being its main focus during the 2019 NSW state and federal election campaigns.[20]

The Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party currently has two members in the New South Wales Legislative Council and one in the Victorian Legislative Council. It has previously elected a member to the Western Australian Legislative Council.

In November 2016, the party won its first lower house seat in NSW, winning the seat of Orange in a by-election; subsequently increased to three seats following the 2019 New South Wales state election.[21][22] However, in 2022 all three NSW Legislative Assembly members of parliament left the party to sit as independents.

History

The Shooters Party was formed on 2 May 1992 by journalist and broadcaster John Tingle after the New South Wales Government proposed to tighten gun control laws after a number of Australian mass shootings. Tingle claimed the new laws would prevent citizens from owning firearms for self-defence.[23] Tingle was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council at the 1995 NSW election in March 1995 for an eight-year term, the party's first representative.

After the National Firearms Agreement came into force, Tingle and the Shooters Party encouraged and helped organise the formation of hunting clubs in many parts of New South Wales, and in November 1996 formed them into the Federation of Hunting Clubs. The Federation is a recognised umbrella group under the Firearms Regulations, and the Firearms Act 1996 (NSW) was amended to recognise membership of a hunting club as a "genuine reason" for a firearm licence. About 90% of all firearms licences were taken out for the purpose of hunting. In the Federation's returns with the Australian Electoral Commission since 2008/09, the Federation indicates that it is an associated entity of the Shooters and Fishers Party.[24] The Federation and the Shooters and Fishers Party share the same address, and most of the income of the Federation (about $30,000 in 2014/15) is donated to the Shooters and Fishers Party.[25] The Hunter District Hunting Club donated a further $42,000 to the party in 2014/15.[26] The total receipts of the party in that year were $148,256.[27]

Tingle was elected to a second term at the 2003 NSW election. In 2005, Tingle claimed that the Sporting Shooters Association of Australia had joined forces with the Shooters Party, with Brown being a life member of the Association. At the time, the association had more than 35,000 (now has 175,000+) members and the other mainstay of the shooting fraternity, the Federation of Hunting Clubs, had more than 50,000 members. It was the basis of the powerful gun lobby group.[23] Tingle in the Legislative Council served until 3 May 2006 when he, at the age of 74, resigned from Parliament before, allegedly due to illness believed to be cancer.

Robert Brown, the party's chairman since 2005, was nominated by the party to fill the casual vacancy for the remainder of Tingle's term which ended in 2011. Brown was re-elected at the 2011 NSW election for an eight-year term. In 2013 Tingle resigned his position as vice chairman of the party and has relinquished his membership of the party.

For the 2013 federal election, the Shooters and Fishers Party was involved in the Minor Party Alliance and its organiser, Glenn Druery, was on its payroll. The so-called alliance arranged a preference deal among the minor parties which enabled candidates with very small primary votes to win seats in the Senate.[28][29][30] At the 2013 election the party obtained about 1% of the national Senate vote.

In 2016, the party added "Farmers" to the party title,[18] with the name change formally registered on 12 April 2016.[19] The party has since adopted a much broader agenda, developing policies in areas such as water management; regional health care; education; mining and energy; local government and policing.[31]

From the 2011–2018 period, the party has received approximately $700,000 in political donations from pro-gun groups.[32]

Policies

Water management

In the 2019 NSW state election, the SFF Party campaigned strongly on the need to change policies and management around the Murray Darling Basin (MDB). This followed a water crisis across NSW, where several towns were left without safe drinking water,[33] millions of fish were killed in the Menindee Lakes[34] and there were widespread allegations of water theft, government mismanagement and corruption.[35]

SFF release a ten-point plan on water management, following consultation with farmers, water experts and regional communities. The plan called for:

  • Full standardised metering and inspections across the MDB – a "no meter, no pump" rule for water extraction.
  • An audit, measure and evaluate environmental water – management of environmental water must be centralised in the one entity, and the water kept for environmental purposes only (not sold or swapped). The costs and benefits of environmental flows must be analysed and reported on.
  • A federal royal commission into water mismanagement and a five-year pause of the Murray Darling Basin Plan (MDBP).

SFF argued a federal royal commission was needed to evaluate the flawed science, weak regulation and selective data undermining the MDBP; and flush out the corruption.

Firearms

The party's policies were initially entirely focused around firearms, asserting that every law-abiding citizen should have the right to own and use a firearm for legitimate purposes, including self-defence, a position that remains relatively unchanged but broadened in that they now advocate for the tougher sentencing for illegal gun use and do not condone "American style gun laws".[36] In broadening the appeal the party now strongly supports recreational and conservation hunting, and laws giving shooters access to public land for hunting in a controlled ecological manner.[37]

The Party counts among its achievements a number of successful Bills in New South Wales. These include those giving rights of self-defence to any citizen, anywhere, with immunity from civil or criminal liability;[citation needed] providing extra penalties for attacks on vulnerable people;[citation needed] giving families of homicide victims the right to be heard in court;[citation needed] establishment of the Game Council New South Wales now disbanded,[citation needed] and legislation allowing specifically licensed hunters to hunt on public land; government funding controlled by the party for shooting clubs, and the establishment and control of regional shooting complexes; recognition of membership of a hunting club as "genuine reason" for obtaining a firearms licence; and extension of minor permits from ages 12 to 18.[38]

In 2019 NSW leader Robert Borsak stated that the party had no policies to weaken gun laws in NSW; although he called for a review of the functions and financing of NSW Firearms Registry.[6]

Other policies

The leader of the NSW SFF, Robert Borsak, promotes climate change denialism, stating that "scientific research, reports and arguments supporting human blame for climate change, were wrong".[39][40]

In New South Wales, following the 2019 state election the party outlined its agenda that included calls for a NSW royal commission into water management, a "right to farm bill" to protect farmers against animal rights activists, and opposition to the Murray-Darling Basin plan, forced council mergers, and lockout laws in Sydney.[6]

In Victoria, the party opposes the creation of the proposed Great Forest National Park in central Victoria, while their Victorian MP Jeff Bourman unsuccessfully attempted to relax restrictions on gun silencers for licensed hunters.[41]

Political activities

Federal politics

Before the 2004 federal election, the Australian Shooters Party was deregistered by the Australian Electoral Commission for failing to contest a federal election for four years. It was re-registered after the 2004 federal election but was deregistered again on 27 December 2006,[42] along with a number of minor parties which did not have a representative sitting in Federal Parliament. Re-registration was achieved in August 2007. The Australian Shooters Party contested the 2007 federal election and received 0.28% of the national vote and 1.1% of the vote in NSW. The Party was instrumental in flowing preferences away from the Greens in NSW, Queensland and Victoria.[43]

Glenn Druery who was behind the 2013 federal election preference deal successes with candidate elections on 0.2 and 0.5 percent was remunerated by the Shooters and Fishers Party for assisting in organising preference meetings and negotiating preference flows between parties.[28] The party has been involved in Druery's Minor Party Alliance.[29][30]

In May 2018, it was reported that Senator Brian Burston of One Nation had attempted to defect to the Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party; he would have been the party's first federal representative. Robert Borsak, the party's leader in New South Wales, said that "I don't think he'd be a good representative for us [...] we're not that desperate for a Canberra representative at the moment and when we do, we'll use our own people."[44] However, Burston subsequently stated: "The claim that I have approached the Shooters Party is totally and absolutely false".[45]

New South Wales

New South Wales MLA's Roy Butler (left) and Philip Donato at the 2022 Fire Brigade Employees' Union conference, prior to their resignation from the party

At the 2007 New South Wales state election, the Shooters Party received 2.8% of the primary vote for the Legislative Council (↑0.8%) and lead candidate Roy Smith was elected to the Legislative Council. On 30 July 2010, Smith died in his sleep and Robert Borsak was nominated by the party to fill the casual vacancy. As a result, the party holds 2 seats in the NSW Upper House. In 2009 an agreement was reached to allow hunters onto public lands in a deal with the government.[46]

At the 2011 New South Wales state election, the Liberal/National Coalition took government but with three seats short of a majority in the upper house. The Shooters and Fishers Party held two seats along with the Christian Democratic Party, with the balance of power shifting from the Greens to the two parties.[47] The Shooters and Fishers Party was reported to have created a "shopping list" of demands in exchange for legislative support of the now Liberal/National government, however the government "ruled out" any deals with the Shooters.[48]

In May 2012 the party negotiated a deal with the O'Farrell government giving recreational shooters access to national parks to cull feral animals including pigs, rabbits and deer by allowing the passage of laws through the NSW Upper House to sell the state-owned power generating assets of Eraring Energy, Delta Electricity and Macquarie Generation, that were claimed to yield up to A$3 billion.[49] Deals continue to have fallout.[50][51][52]

At the state by-election for Orange on 12 November 2016, Shooters, Fishers and Farmers candidate Philip Donato became the party's first lower house member, defeating the incumbent National Party for the seat in the Legislative Assembly.[53]

In the 2019 New South Wales state election, the party made breakthroughs in the state's lower house, with candidates Roy Butler and Helen Dalton winning the seats of Barwon and Murray respectively.[21][22] On 3 March 2022, Dalton resigned from Shooters Fishers and Farmers due to disagreeing with the party's Legislative Council members not showing up to vote against a bill regarding water usage that she believed would "disadvantage communities and irrigators in the lower Darling and Murray river system".[54] On 12 December 2022, Butler and Donato resigned over the behaviour of leader Robert Borsak.[55]

Northern Territory

The SFF Party has very little presence in the Northern Territory, but a Northern Territory branch of the party does exist.

At the 2016 general election, the party ran candidates in two rural seats: Katherine and Nelson.

At the 2016 federal election, the party contested both the remote seat of Lingiari and the metropolitan seat of Solomon. The party preferenced the incumbent members for their respect seats behind the other major party on their how-to-vote cards, thus preferencing the Country Liberal Party (CLP) ahead of Labor in Lingiari[56] and Labor ahead of the CLP in Solomon,[57] and the parts preferenced the Greens last in both seats.

In the Northern Territory, the party's voter base absorbs a plurality of voters who vote for Pauline Hanson's One Nation on the federal level, as One Nation does not contest Northern Territory general elections.[58]

South Australia

At the 2006 South Australian state election, two Shooters Party candidates for the Legislative Council, Robert Low and Michael Hudson, preferenced the Family First Party as well as the One Nation Party. The Shooters Party received just under 6,000 votes, or 0.6% of the electors, with a 0.08 quota. Neither candidate was elected. The party also contested the 2010 (as Shooters) and 2014 (as Shooters and Fishers) elections, increasing the number of votes in each but not enough to achieve a quota. It was deregistered before the 2018 election.[59]

Victoria

At the 2014 Victorian state election, two Shooters and Fishers candidates were elected to the Legislative Council: Jeff Bourman received 2.44% first preference votes in the Eastern Victoria Region and was elected on preferences from the other minor parties, and Daniel Young received 3.5% first preference votes in the Northern Victoria Region and was also elected on preferences. Bourman was re-elected in 2018, while Young was defeated.

Western Australia

The logo of the party's Western Australian branch.

At the 2013 Western Australian state election, Shooters and Fishers candidate Rick Mazza was elected to the Legislative Council with 3.09% of the vote in the Agricultural Region. Nigel Hallett was elected for the Liberal Party in South West Region, but changed to the Shooters, Fishers, and Farmers in June 2016.[60] Mazza retained his seat at the 2017 election, but Hallett did not. Mazza subsequently formed a 'conservative bloc' with One Nation and the Liberal Democratic Party in the Legislative Council.[61]

State and territory divisions

The current Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party divisions are the following:

Division Leader Legislative Assembly Legislative Council Status
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (NSW) Robert Borsak
0 / 93
2 / 42
Crossbench
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (Victoria) Jeff Bourman
0 / 88
1 / 40
Crossbench
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (WA) Rick Mazza
0 / 59
0 / 36
Extra-parliamentary
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (QLD)
0 / 93
None Extra-parliamentary
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (Tasmania) Adrian Pickin[62]
0 / 25
0 / 15
Extra-parliamentary
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party (ACT)
0 / 25
None Extra-parliamentary
Shooters and Fishers Party (NT)
0 / 25
None Extra-parliamentary

Electoral Results

Federal

Senate
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats
+/– Name of party
(at time of poll)
1993 63,691 0.60
0 / 76
Steady 0 Shooters Party
1996 114,724 1.05
0 / 76
Steady 0 Shooters Party
1996 38,188 0.34
0 / 76
Steady 0 Australian Shooters Party
2007 84,148 0.66
0 / 76
Steady 0 Australian Shooters Party (Vic, QLD, SA)
Shooters / Fishing and Lifestyle (NSW)
2010 214,119 1.68
0 / 76
Steady 0 Shooters and Fishers
2013 127,397 0.95
0 / 76
Steady 0 Shooters and Fishers
2016 192,965 1.39
0 / 76
Steady 0 Shooters, Fishers, and Farmers
2019 253,267 1.73
0 / 76
Steady 0 Shooters, Fishers, and Farmers
2022 147,737 0.98
0 / 76
Steady 0 Shooters, Fishers, and Farmers

New South Wales

Election year Legislative Assembly Legislative Council
# votes % votes # seats +/– # votes % votes # seats # overall seats +/–
1995 - -
0 / 99
Steady 0 95,943 2.84
1 / 21
1 / 42
Increase 1
1999 - -
0 / 93
Steady 0 59,295 1.67
0 / 21
1 / 42
Steady 0
2003 - -
0 / 93
Steady 0 76,133 2.05
1 / 21
1 / 42
Steady 0
2007 - -
0 / 93
Steady 0 106,513 2.79
1 / 21
2 / 42
Increase 1
2011 2,346 0.06
0 / 93
Steady 0 150,741 3.70
1 / 21
2 / 42
Steady 0
2015 - -
0 / 93
Steady 0 167,871 3.89
1 / 21
2 / 42
Steady 0
2019 157,636 3.46
3 / 93
Increase 3 246,477 5.54
1 / 21
2 / 42
Steady 0
2023 73,359 1.53
0 / 93
Decrease 3 144,043 3.06
1 / 21
2 / 42
Steady 0

Victoria

Election year Legislative Assembly Legislative Council
# votes % votes # seats +/– # votes % votes # seats # overall seats +/–
2014 2,622 0.08
0 / 88
Increase 0 56,536 1.65
2 / 40
2 / 40
Increase 2
2018 24,257 0.69
0 / 88
Increase 0 108,280 3.02
1 / 40
1 / 40
Decrease 1
2022 11,590 0.32
0 / 88
Decrease 0 76,742 2.05
1 / 40
1 / 40
Decrease 1

Western Australia

Election year Legislative Assembly Legislative Council
# votes % votes # seats +/– # votes % votes # seats # overall seats +/–
2013 - -
0 / 88
Steady 0 21,765 1.78
1 / 40
1 / 40
Increase 1
2017 17,317 1.31
0 / 88
Steady 0 31,924 2.37
1 / 40
1 / 40
Steady 0
2021 9,669 0.69
0 / 88
Steady 0 21,210 1.47
0 / 40
0 / 40
Decrease 1

Political representatives

Current members of parliament

New South Wales

Legislative Council

Victoria

Past members of parliament

New South Wales
Victoria
Western Australia

See also

References

  1. ^ Manfield, Evelyn; Al Jrood, Tabarak (13 February 2021). "WA election: Labor, Liberals decline to comment on preference deals ahead of deadline". ABC News. Retrieved 9 February 2024.
  2. ^ McGowan, Michael (20 October 2020). "Icac's independence 'threatened' by NSW funding model". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 February 2024.
  3. ^ "Conservative Shooters and Fishers Party has sold itself to Labor: Barilaro". news.co.au. Sky News. 4 July 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2024.
  4. ^ "Major parties on notice after Orange by-election in NSW". Sydney Morning Herald. 24 November 2016.
  5. ^ Visentin, Lisa; Koziol, Michael (26 March 2019). "The wunderkind behind the rise of Shooters, Fishers and Farmers party". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d Visentin, Lisa (29 March 2019). "'Almost traitorous': Shooters slam One Nation over al-Jazeera gun exposé". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  7. ^ Shine, Rhiannon (3 July 2017). "Green issues unite renamed Tasmanian Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party targeting next state election". ABC News.
  8. ^ "MEET OUR NEW COOLAMON SHIRE COUNCILLOR". Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party.
  9. ^ "Shooters Fishers Farmers candidate Andy Wood running for council". Goulburn Post.
  10. ^ "Councillors". Orange City Council.
  11. ^ "SFF: NSW Government must be "bias for the bush" in exchange for support". Shooters, Fishers & Farmers Party. 29 March 2019. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  12. ^ "NSW Policy". Shooters, Fishers & Farmers Party. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  13. ^ "SFF policy of fishing" (PDF).
  14. ^ "Mandatory Sentencing for Criminals Using Firearms - Shooters, Fisher & Farmers Party". Shooters, Fishers & Farmers Party. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  15. ^ "SFF policy on Firearms" (PDF).
  16. ^ "Registration of Shooters and Fishers Party". Extract from the Register of Political Parties for the Shooters and Fishers Party. Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  17. ^ "Statement of Reasons: The Australian Shooters Party". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  18. ^ a b "We're Changing Our Name to the "Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party"". Shooters & Fishers Party. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  19. ^ a b "Notice under s.134(6A) of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 – Shooters and Fishers Party". Australian Electoral Commission. 15 April 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  20. ^ "Shooters focus on health and water, not guns, for NSW election". ABC News. 18 March 2019.
  21. ^ a b Brook, Benedict (25 March 2019). "Rise of the Shooters, Fishers and Farmers party is a problem for Gladys Berejiklian – and Scott Morrison too". news.com.au. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  22. ^ a b Visentin, Lisa (26 March 2019). "The wunderkind behind the rise of Shooters, Fishers and Farmers party". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  23. ^ a b "A man of calibre". The Sydney Morning Herald. NSW, Australia. 29 October 2005. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  24. ^ AEC: Associated Entity Disclosure Return, 2014/15
  25. ^ AEC: Name Listed on Other Returns – 2014–15
  26. ^ "Donor Annual Return – 2014–15". Periodicdisclosures.aec.gov.au. 28 February 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  27. ^ "Political Party Annual Return – 2014–15". Periodicdisclosures.aec.gov.au. 28 February 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  28. ^ a b "Preference whisperer goes fishin' in SA". InDaily. Adelaide. 21 February 2014.
  29. ^ a b "Bitter dispute erupts over Senate preferences in Queensland". ABC News. Australia. 5 September 2013.
  30. ^ a b "Alliance of micro parties boosts odds for likes of One Nation or Shooters and Fishers gaining Senate spot through preferences". Daily Telegraph. Australia. 5 September 2013.
  31. ^ "NSW SFFP policies".
  32. ^ Knowles, Lorna (27 March 2019). "Gun lobby's 'concerted and secretive' bid to undermine Australian laws". ABC News. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  33. ^ "Rain brings some relief for NSW towns".
  34. ^ "Menindee Fish kills leaves locals devastated". ABC News. 19 January 2019.
  35. ^ "NSW Government largely culpable for fish kill, report finds". TheGuardian.com. 18 January 2019.
  36. ^ "Firearms Policy" (PDF).
  37. ^ "Right to Hunt and Gather" (PDF).
  38. ^ Taylor, Andrew (5 August 2017). "Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party calls for firearms permits for 10-year-olds". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  39. ^ "Firefighters' group that disputes climate link to bushfires has close ties to Shooters party". the Guardian. 8 January 2020. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  40. ^ Fitzsimons, David (16 May 2019). "Vegan activists would face jail terms under SFF party legislation plan to help farmers". Western Advocate.
  41. ^ Carey, Adam (11 December 2018). "Party in the upper house: Who's who on new Victorian crossbench". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  42. ^ "AEC redirection page - Australian Electoral Commission". Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
  43. ^ "Senate State First Preferences by Group". Virtual Tally Room Election 2007. 20 December 2007. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  44. ^ "Shooters Party says Brian Burston tried to defect". The Australian Financial Review. 31 May 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  45. ^ "One Nation Senator Brian Burston 'tried to defect' to Shooters Party". The Australian. 31 May 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  46. ^ Jensen, Erik (21 October 2009). "Government deal to open national parks to shooters". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  47. ^ "Upper House shift from left to right". ABC News. Australia. 27 March 2011.
  48. ^ "O'Farrell rules out deal with Shooters". ABC News. Australia. 13 April 2011.
  49. ^ Whitbourn, Michaela (20 May 2012). "Shooters' deal secures power sell-off". Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  50. ^ "The Shooters and Fishers Party has begun revenge attacks on the NSW Government". Daily Telegraph. Australia. 21 October 2009.
  51. ^ Wood, Alicia (21 August 2013). "Shooters Party MPs Robert Borsak and Robert Brown vote with Labor, Greens to punish NSW Premier Barry O'Farrell". Daily Telegraph. Australia.
  52. ^ Gerathy, Sarah (15 July 2013). "NSW government loses support of Shooters and Fishers party". ABC News. Australia.
  53. ^ Woodburn, Joanna (21 November 2016). "Shooters, Fishers and Farmers party claim first seat in NSW Lower House after Orange re-count". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  54. ^ Gramenz, Jack (3 March 2022). "NSW MP quits over party no-show". Mudgee Guardian.
  55. ^ Raper, Ashleigh (12 December 2022). "Shooters, Fishers and Farmers MPs resign from party over behaviour of leader Robert Borsak". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  56. ^ https://www.shootersfishersandfarmers.org.au/2016_lingiari_candidate_nt
  57. ^ https://www.shootersfishersandfarmers.org.au/2016_solomon_candidate_nt
  58. ^ https://redbridgegroup.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/Northern-Territory-Social-Services-11.pdf
  59. ^ "Shooters and Fishers Party SA De-registered". Electoral Commission of South Australia. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  60. ^ Burrell, Andrew (16 June 2016). "Meanwhile, in WA: Lib defects to Shooters, Fishers and Farmers". The Australian. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  61. ^ "WA politics: Upper House conservative bloc pledges to work with government". ABC News. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  62. ^ "The people of Tasmania deserve the respect to know that the house of review has their best interest at the forefront. I will do this!". Twitter. Phillip Bigg SFF. 1 April 2024.

Further reading

  • Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party
  • Swain, Marie.(1996) Gun control : historical perspective and contemporary overview Sydney, NSW Parliamentary Library Research Service, 1996. ISBN 0-7310-5951-4. Series: Briefing paper (New South Wales. Parliamentary Library Research Service) ; no. 11/96
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