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Shek Kip Mei Estate

Shek Kip Mei Estate
Map
General information
LocationSham Shui Po, Kowloon
Hong Kong
Coordinates22°19′53″N 114°10′02″E / 22.3315°N 114.1671°E / 22.3315; 114.1671
StatusCompleted
CategoryPublic rental housing
No. of blocks21
No. of units10,800
Construction
AuthorityHong Kong Housing Authority
Shek Kip Mei Estate
Traditional Chinese石硤尾邨
Simplified Chinese石硖尾邨
Cantonese YaleSehk gip méih chyūn

Shek Kip Mei Estate is the first public housing estate in Hong Kong.[1] It is located in Sham Shui Po and is under the management of the Hong Kong Housing Authority. The estate was constructed as a result of a fire in Shek Kip Mei in 1953, to settle the families of inhabitants in the squats over the hill who lost their homes in one night.

Originally constructed in 1953 to alleviate the immediate housing needs, the units in this "Mark I" estate were utilitarian. Redevelopment of the estate commenced in 1972, with new towers coming on stream between 1979 and 1982.[2] Site 1 of redevelopment was occupied in 2007.

The estate now consists of 21 residential blocks, containing 10,800 rental flats. The estate has an authorised capacity of 26,400.[3]

History

Shek Kip Mei Estate Block completed in 1977
Shek Kip Mei Estate Mei Ying House & Mei Yue House were completed in 2007

Following the Second World War, a large number of migrants from the mainland arrived in Hong Kong. Due to the lack of housing policy, and thus non-availability of affordable housing, the migrants lived illegally in wooden shanties in a hillside ghetto in the Sham Shui Po area. Poor facilities, unsanitary conditions, and the high density of huts represented a serious safety hazard. On 24 December 1953, the ghetto caught fire. The blaze lasted for six hours and was put under control on 25 December, at around 2:30 am. It left an estimated 53,000 people without shelter.

Consequently, the Colonial government built a 29-block resettlement estate on the site of the burnt-down shanties to house the homeless victims.[4] Eight blocks (Blocks A to H), now renumbered as Blocks 10 through 13 and 35 through 41, were constructed with the financial aid of the United Nations. These 7-storey blocks were constructed in an 'H' configuration consisting of two residential wings, with a central core of communal cooking and sanitary facilities. Residential units, which housed entire families, were roughly 100 square feet (9.3 m2) in size.[5] Later, towers were constructed in a single block configuration.

The massive fire gave birth formally to the public housing policy of the Government. In 1961, the subsidised rent policy was launched with the construction of 7 towers at the junction of Tai Hang Road West and Nam Cheong Street. The Shek Kip Mei Estate was subdivided into "Upper" and "Lower" estates, with the Upper estate being designated a "low-rent estate" (廉租屋邨), and the Lower estate designated a "Resettlement estate" (徙置屋邨). Occupation of these blocks commenced in 1963.

Housing units were little more than small cubicles, and the original plan was to allocate 24 square feet (2.2 m2) per adult and half that for each child under 12.[6] However, they were in reality often occupied by more than one family due to the extreme shortage of available housing.[7] Facilities and sanitation were primitive, and communal.

Until the establishment of the Housing Authority in 1973, Hong Kong's public housing was administered by the Resettlement Department. By that time, eleven old blocks of the estate had been pulled down, and modernisation of 18 blocks of the resettlement estate had commenced. Phased re-occupation of the re-numbered estate took place between 1978 and 1984. The distinction between "Upper" and "Lower" estates was henceforth disregarded. Mei Yu House (美如樓) and Mei Ying House (美映樓), representing the latest phase, were built on the location of Blocks 1 to 7 (the resettlement estate), and were mostly occupied on 18 July 2006.

All remaining 1950s blocks were demolished since 20 June 2007, excluding Block 41, which is reserved for further revitalisation.

Conservation

Mei Ho House, of Shek Kip Mei Estate near Tai Po Road, in 2013, after its renovation and conversion into a youth hostel.

Block 41 of the estate, Mei Ho House (美荷樓), the last remaining example of the "Mark II" building in a single-block configuration, has been listed as a Grade I historic building,[8] and will be preserved tentatively as a record of Hong Kong's public housing development. In 2008, it was part of the seven buildings of Batch I of the Hong Kong Government's Revitalising Historic Buildings Through Partnership Scheme[9] seeking adaptive reuse of government-owned historic buildings. On 17 February 2009, the government declared that the building would be used by the Hong Kong Youth Hostels Association as "City Hostel". The capital cost of the project was estimated at HK$192.3 million. Estimated completion time was early 2012.[10] The hostel was finally opened in December 2013.[11]

  • It was closed due to the COVID-19 epidemic.*

COVID-19 pandemic

Mei Wui House of the estate was in locked down for mandatory testing on 17 February 2022.[12] Block 21 was also put into lockdown from the next day to 20 February.[13]

Blocks

As of 2021 the estate has 21 blocks, plus the preserved Block 41 presently in use as a youth hostel. The 21 blocks provide 10,800 public rental flats accommodating a design population of 26,400.

English name Chinese Name Type Completion Notes
Block 19 (No Chinese name) Old slab 1977
Block 20
Block 21
Block 22
Block 23
Block 24 1979
Block 41 (Mei Ho House) 美荷樓 Mark I 1954 Student hostel
Block 42 美山樓 Old slab 1983
Block 43 美虹樓
Block 44 美彩樓
Mei Yue House 美如樓 Non-standard 2007
Mei Ying House 美映樓
Mei Leong House 美亮樓 2012
Mei Sang House 美笙樓
Mei Shing House 美盛樓
Mei Wui House 美薈樓
Mei Yick House 美益樓
Mei Yin House 美賢樓
Mei Kwai House 美葵樓 2019
Mei Cheong House 美菖樓
Mei Hei House 美禧樓
Mei Pak House 美柏樓

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Hong Kong Housing Authority – Transformation of Shek Kip Mei Estate
  2. ^ Choi, Barry (27 August 1975). "Thousands to get new estate homes" (PDF). South China Morning Post. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2007.
  3. ^ "Shek Kip Mei Estate, Sham Shui Po, Kowloon West". Estate Locator. Hong Kong Housing Authority. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  4. ^ Choi, Barry (30 June 1975). "Housing means more than a roof" (PDF). South China Morning Post. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2007.
  5. ^ "The Vertical City, Part II: Why Half of Hong Kong Lives in Public Housing". 15 December 2016.
  6. ^ Choi, Barry (14 October 1978). "Focus on small flats" (PDF). South China Morning Post. Retrieved 7 February 2007.
  7. ^ Choi, Barry (13 August 1973). "Vital task is to satisfy slum dwellers who see luxury on doorstep" (PDF). South China Morning Post. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2007.
  8. ^ List of Graded Historic Buildings in Hong Kong (as at 6 November 2009) Archived 9 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Conserve and Revitalise Hong Kong Heritage: Batch I of Revitalisation Scheme
  10. ^ Batch I of Revitalisation Scheme – Result of Selection – Mei Ho House as City Hostel
  11. ^ Revitalization Project – Milestones Archived 4 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ RTHK
  13. ^ "Shek Kip Mei block locked down for overnight testing - RTHK".

Further reading

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Shek Kip Mei Estate
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