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Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Shanghai Jiao Tong University
上海交通大学
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) seal/logo
Former names
  • Nanyang Public School
  • Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung
  • National Chiao Tung University
  • Jiao Tong University
Motto
饮水思源 (Yǐnshuǐsīyuán)
爱国荣校 (Àiguóróngxiào)[1]
Motto in English
Gratitude and Responsibility[2]
TypePublic
Established1896; 128 years ago (1896)
PresidentDing Kuiling[3]
Party SecretaryYang Zhenbin
Academic staff
3,061[4]
Undergraduates16,221[5]
Postgraduates21,768[6]
Location,
31°12′03″N 121°25′47″E / 31.20083°N 121.42972°E / 31.20083; 121.42972 (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
Campus340 hectares (840 acres)
AffiliationsC9, Universitas 21, Double First-Class Construction Project 985, Project 211
Websitesjtu.edu.cn
en.sjtu.edu.cn
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese上海交通大学
Traditional Chinese上海交通大學

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) is a public university in Shanghai, China. It is affiliated with the Ministry of Education of China. The university is part of Project 211, Project 985, and the Double First-Class Construction.[7]

SJTU was founded as Nanyang Public School in 1896. It was merged into Jiao Tong University in 1921, before gaining its current name in 1959. The university currently has 33 schools, 12 affiliated hospitals, 2 affiliated medical research institutes, 23 directly affiliated units, and 5 directly affiliated enterprises.[8]

History

Public School to Industrial School

Nanyang Public School in 1898

Nanyang Public School was founded in 1896, making it one of the earliest universities in China. Sheng Xuanhuai requested the Qing government open the school in October. The proposal was approved by the Guangxu Emperor in December, and Sheng became the school’s first president.[9] As a member of Westernization Movement, Sheng aimed to weaken the imperial examination while promoting a Western academic model and a more practical approach to education. The university initially focused on business and political sciences to support the country’s development and the Self-Strengthening Movement.[10]

In 1905, Nanyang Public School was transferred to the Ministry of Commerce and renamed High Industrial School. In 1907, it was handed to the Ministry of Posts and Communications and renamed Shanghai High Industrial School of the Postal Transmission Department. It was known as Grand Nanyang University from 1911 to 1912. After the Republic of China was established in 1912, it was transferred to the Ministry of Communications and renamed the Shanghai Special Industrial School.[10][11]

Tang Wenzhi was the school’s president from 1907 to 1920. During this period, the school organized its curriculum based on Western engineering higher education. The school expanded its civil, mechanical, and electrical engineering programs and introduced a 4-year traffic management program as well as new industrial economy and factory management courses. Moreover, specialized coursework replaced general education requirements, and experiments and practice were prioritized in the curriculum. [10]

From 1908 to 1920, foreign instructors, largely Americans, accounted for about half of the school's faculty in the disciplinary specialities, with American academics leading both the Departments of Civil Engineering and Electrical Engineering, as the university lacked qualified faculty. However, in the 1920s, many returned student-educators replaced their foreign counterparts.[10]

Jiao Tong University

School of Mechanical Engineering, Minhang Campus
Antai College of Economics and Management
Old library on Xuhui campus
Main gate of Xuhui campus

The school was renamed National Chiao Tung University (国立交通大学) in 1929, and Chiao Tung University (交通大学) in 1949.[12]

In 1957, the school moved westward and the Jiaotong University was divided into the Shanghai part and the Xi'an part. In 1959, the Shanghai part of Jiaotong University adopted the name "Shanghai Jiaotong University". In 1999, the then Shanghai Agricultural College (上海农学院) was merged into the school.[12]

In 2005, the former Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the former Shanghai Second Medical University (上海第二医科大学) merged to establish the new Shanghai Jiao Tong University.[12][13]

In 2023, the university announced that its office of the president had merged into the university's Chinese Communist Party committee, which would directly administer the university henceforth.[14]

Rankings

University rankings
BCUR National[15] Domestic 4
Wu Shulian National[16] Domestic 4
CUAA National[17] Alumni 5
QS National[18] General 5
THE National[19] General 3
QS Asia
(Asia version)[20]
General =11
THE Asia
(Asia version)[21]
General =9
ARWU World[22] Research 46
QS World[23] General 51
THE World[24] General 43
USNWR World[25] General =89

Subject rankings

Notable alumni

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2024)

See also

References

  1. ^ 校训. Archived from the original on March 17, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  2. ^ "SJTU 2011 Undergraduate Commencement Ceremony". June 25, 2011. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016.
  3. ^ "Current Administrators". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved February 17, 2024.
  4. ^ "Antai College of Economics & Management Shanghai JIao Tong University-Projects". emba.sjtu.edu.cn. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  5. ^ "2017–12-31 Overview (Undergraduate)" (PDF). Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  6. ^ "2017–12-31 Overview (Postgraduate)". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  7. ^ 教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first-class universities and disciplines).
  8. ^ "General Information - Shanghai Jiao Tong University". en.sjtu.edu.cn. Retrieved January 22, 2024.
  9. ^ "::上海交通大学党史校史网::". November 9, 2011. Archived from the original on November 9, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2024.
  10. ^ a b c d Jesiek, Brent K.; Shen, Yi (2012). "Educating Chinese Engineers: The Case of Shanghai Jiao Tong University During 1896–1949". Engineering, Development and Philosophy. Philosophy of Engineering and Technology. Vol. 11. pp. 123–143. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5282-5_8. ISBN 978-94-007-5281-8. ISSN 1879-7202.
  11. ^ "交通大学校史表". July 5, 2008. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2024.
  12. ^ a b c "八所"交通"大学王牌专业盘点_高校_工程_中国". www.sohu.com. Retrieved January 7, 2024.
  13. ^ "上海交通大学-电子信息与电气工程学院-学生工作办公室". xsb.seiee.sjtu.edu.cn. Retrieved January 7, 2024.
  14. ^ "China's ruling party takes direct control of country's universities". Radio Free Asia. January 18, 2024. Retrieved January 19, 2024.
  15. ^ "2023 Best Chinese Universities Ranking". Shanghai Ranking. 2023. Retrieved March 5, 2024.
  16. ^ "Wu Shulian University Ranking". Chinese Academy of Management Science. 2023. Retrieved March 5, 2024.
  17. ^ Chinese Universities Alumni Association (2024). "Alumni Association (22nd Edition): Chinese University Rankings 2024". Retrieved January 16, 2024. Alternative URL
  18. ^ "QS University Rankings 2024 - China (Mainland)". Top Universities. 2024. Retrieved June 27, 2023.
  19. ^ "THE University Rankings 2024 - China". Times Higher Education (THE). 2024. Retrieved October 21, 2023.
  20. ^ "QS World University Rankings: Asia 2024". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2024. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  21. ^ "Asia University Rankings 2023". Times Higher Education. 2023. Retrieved August 21, 2023.
  22. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2023. Retrieved August 20, 2023.
  23. ^ "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2024. Retrieved June 27, 2023.
  24. ^ "THE World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2024. Retrieved October 21, 2023.
  25. ^ U.S.News & World Report (2022). "Best Global Universities - US News". Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  26. ^ "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2024". QS World University Rankings.
  27. ^ "World University Rankings by subject". Times Higher Education World University Rankings.
  28. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2023". Academic Ranking of World Universities.
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Shanghai Jiao Tong University
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