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Shahjahanpur

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Shahjahanpur
City
Statue of Hanuman at Shahjahanpur
Statue of Hanuman at Shahjahanpur
Shahjahanpur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Shahjahanpur
Shahjahanpur
Shahjahanpur is located in India
Shahjahanpur
Shahjahanpur
Coordinates: 27°53′N 79°55′E / 27.88°N 79.91°E / 27.88; 79.91
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictShahjahanpur
Named forShah Jahan
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyShahjahanpur Municipal Corporation
 • MayorArchana Verma (BJP)[1]
Area
 • Total51 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
194 m (636 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total346,103
 • Density6,800/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
242001
Telephone code05842
Vehicle registrationUP-27
Sex ratio880 / 1000
LiteracyIncrease 61.99% Medium
Websiteshahjahanpur.nic.in

Shahjahanpur (/ˈʃɑːəˌhɑːnpʊr/) is a municipal corporation, town and district headquarters of Shahjahanpur District in Uttar Pradesh, India.

The city is between Bareilly and Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh.

History

Shahjahanpur was established by Diler Khan and Bahadur Khan, sons of Darya Khan, a soldier in army of the Mughal emperor Jahangir. Darya Khan was originally from Kandahar, in modern-day Afghanistan.[2] Both Diler Khan and Bahadur Khan were dignitaries in the regime of Shah Jahan. Pleased with the services of Diler Khan, Shah Jahan gave him 17 villages with the permission to construct a fort in 1647, following the suppression of the rebellious Katheria Rajputs.[3] The area was then settled by Afghans, brought by Bahadur Khan following one of his campaigns.[4]

On 9 August 1925, the Indian freedom fighters Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Chandrashekhar Azad and Rajendra Lahiri conducted a robbery of government funds near Kakori railway station. Both Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqulla Khan were born in Shahjahanpur.[5]

Geography

Shahjahanpur is located at 27°53′N 79°55′E / 27.88°N 79.91°E / 27.88; 79.91. It has an average elevation of 194 metres (600 feet). It is situated at the junction of two river.

Climate

Climate data for Shahjahanpur (1981–2010, extremes 1977–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.3
(82.9)
32.8
(91.0)
38.8
(101.8)
43.4
(110.1)
45.0
(113.0)
46.2
(115.2)
43.2
(109.8)
39.5
(103.1)
37.5
(99.5)
37.4
(99.3)
33.5
(92.3)
28.7
(83.7)
46.2
(115.2)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
24.1
(75.4)
29.7
(85.5)
36.2
(97.2)
38.2
(100.8)
37.3
(99.1)
33.4
(92.1)
32.7
(90.9)
32.2
(90.0)
31.6
(88.9)
28.0
(82.4)
22.9
(73.2)
30.6
(87.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
9.9
(49.8)
14.1
(57.4)
19.5
(67.1)
23.9
(75.0)
25.8
(78.4)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
23.8
(74.8)
18.0
(64.4)
11.8
(53.2)
8.0
(46.4)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
2.6
(36.7)
6.0
(42.8)
8.4
(47.1)
15.6
(60.1)
17.0
(62.6)
20.1
(68.2)
20.0
(68.0)
15.0
(59.0)
8.4
(47.1)
5.0
(41.0)
1.2
(34.2)
0.6
(33.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 14.6
(0.57)
21.6
(0.85)
9.8
(0.39)
11.6
(0.46)
30.2
(1.19)
133.1
(5.24)
289.3
(11.39)
239.9
(9.44)
198.0
(7.80)
38.2
(1.50)
2.7
(0.11)
10.9
(0.43)
999.9
(39.37)
Average rainy days 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.9 5.2 11.0 11.3 8.0 1.3 0.3 0.8 44.9
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 70 56 46 30 33 48 72 77 75 64 65 70 59
Source: India Meteorological Department[6][7]

Demographics

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Shahjahanpur urban agglomeration had a population of 346,103, out of which males were 183,087 and females were 163,016. The literacy rate was 69.81 per cent.[8]

Transport

Shahjahanpur is well-connected with major towns and cities in Uttar Pradesh through road and rail network. National Highway 30 links Shahjahanpur with Bareilly and Lucknow. A spur route National Highway 731 too passes through Shahjahanpur, linking it to the eastern UP town of Jaunpur.

Shahjahanpur railway station lies on Lucknow–Moradabad line of Indian Railways. Several through trains from Lucknow to Delhi pass through Shahjahanpur station.

Cultural heritage

Over the years, the Shahjahanpur gharana contributed eminent sarod players such as Enayat Ali (1883 - 1915), Ustad Murad Ali Khan, Ustad Mohammed Ameer Khan, Pandit Radhika Mohan Moitra and Pandit Buddhadev Das Gupta.[9][10][11] Present Sarod legend, Amjad Ali Khan also belongs to Shahjahanpur gharana.[12]

Notable people

Education

References

  1. ^ "History made as Shahjahanpur gets first mayor, BJP's Archana Verma wins". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  2. ^ Dr. Mehrotra N.C. Shahjahanpur Etihasik Evam Sanskritik Dharohar 1999 Pratiman Prakashan 30 Kucha Ray Ganga Prasad Allahabad 211003 India page 114
  3. ^ Joshi, Rita (1985). The Afghan Nobility and the Mughals 1526-1707. New Delhi: Vikas Pub. House. p. 153. ISBN 9780706927528.
  4. ^ Hambly, Gavin R. G. (1 April 1982), "Mughal India", The Cambridge Economic History of India, Cambridge University Press, p. 443, doi:10.1017/chol9780521226929.025, ISBN 9781139054515, retrieved 7 January 2022
  5. ^ Chandra, Bipan (14 October 2000). India's Struggle for Independence. Penguin Books Limited. p. 302. ISBN 978-81-8475-183-3. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Station: Shahajahanpur Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 693–694. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M223. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  8. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  9. ^ Chakraverty, Soumya. "History of the Gharana". Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  10. ^ Miner, Allyn (1 January 1997). Sitar and Sarod in the 18th and 19th Centuries. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 140. ISBN 9788120814936. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  11. ^ "Gharana". Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  12. ^ "Gharana". Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Gandhi Faiz-E-Aam College, Shahjahanpur". gfcollege.in.
  14. ^ "Swami Shukdevanand Postgraduate College". sscollegespn.org.
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Shahjahanpur
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