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Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef

Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef-Aa (sometimes Intef V) was an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 17th Dynasty of Egypt, who lived late during the Second Intermediate Period, when Egypt was divided into two by Hyksos controlled Lower Egypt and Theban ruled Upper Egypt.

Biography

Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef is sometimes referred to as Intef V,[2][3] and sometimes as Intef VI.[4] His nomen, Intef-Aa, translates as "His father brought him, the great" or "Intef, the great."[5] His name may also render as Inyotef-aa.

He ruled from Thebes and was probably buried in a tomb in the necropolis of Dra' Abu el-Naga'.

Family

It is assumed that Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef-aa and Nubkheperre Intef were brothers, due to the inscription of Nubkheperre on the coffin of Intef-aa. Furthermore, it is assumed that Nubkheperre, and also Intef-aa, were sons of a king called Sobekemsaf, based on an inscription from a doorjamb from a 17th Dynasty temple at Gebel Antef.[1]: 270  Two kings named Sobekemsaf are known, Sobekemsaf I and Sobekemsaf II, and it is believed that the doorjamb refers to Sekhemre Shedtawy Sobekemsaf (Sobekemsaf II).

Burial

Pyramid

At Dra Abu el-Naga, the Pyramid of Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef-aa has not been located. Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef-aa's pyramidion was found inscribed with the king's name and had a slope of 60 degrees.[2] The pyramidion is now in the British Museum (BM EA 478).[6] The pyramid tomb of his brother Nubkheperre Intef was found in 2001.[7]

Coffin and burial equipment

The coffin of Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef-aa (Louvre E 3019) was a rishi coffin discovered in the 19th century by inhabitants of Kurna. The coffin preserved an inscription which reveals that this king's brother Nubkheperre Intef buried – and thus succeeded – him.[1]: 270  Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef-aa's canopic chest was also found. The Priesse Papyrus was found inside the rishi coffin.[8]: 67 

References

  1. ^ a b c Kim Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, CNI Publications, Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 1997
  2. ^ a b Lehner, Mark. The Complete Pyramids. Thames & Hudson. 2008 (reprint). ISBN 978-0-500-28547-3
  3. ^ Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2004. ISBN 0-500-05128-3
  4. ^ Chris Bennett, A Genealogical Chronology of the Seventeenth Dynasty, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 39 (2002), pp. 123–155 JSTOR (Bennett quotes Jürgen von Beckerath as also referring to this king as Intef VI.)
  5. ^ Intef Wepmaat Titulary Archived 2011-11-24 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Dodson, Aidan. The Tomb in Ancient Egypt. Thames and Hudson. 2008. p 208, ISBN 9780500051399
  7. ^ Thomas Schneider, "The Relative Chronology of the Middle Kingdom and the Hyksos Period (Dyns. 12-17)" in Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss & David Warburton (editors), Ancient Egyptian Chronology (Handbook of Oriental Studies), Brill, 2006. p.187
  8. ^ Hayes, William C. (1973). "Egypt: from the death of Ammenemes III to Seqenenre II". In Edwards, I.E.S.; Gadd, C.J.; Hammond, N.G.L.; Sollberger, E. (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History, vol. II, part 1. Cambridge University Press. pp. 42–76. ISBN 0-521-082307.
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Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef
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