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Segre (river)

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Segre
The Segre in Lleida
Path of the Segre [1]
Location
Countries
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationPyrenees
 • coordinates42°24′8″N 2°6′31″E / 42.40222°N 2.10861°E / 42.40222; 2.10861 (Segre source)
 • elevation2,400 m (7,900 ft)
Mouth 
 • location
Ebro
 • coordinates
41°21′42″N 0°18′15″E / 41.36167°N 0.30417°E / 41.36167; 0.30417
Length265 km (165 mi)
Basin features
ProgressionEbroBalearic Sea

The Segre (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsɛɣɾə] or [ˈseɣɾe]; French: Sègre) is a river tributary to the Ebro (Ebre in Catalan) with a basin comprising territories across three states: France, Andorra, and Spain.

Font de Segre, the source of the Segre, altitude 2400 metres, Llo commune, Pyrénées-Orientales, France.

The river Segre, known to Romans and Greeks as Sicoris, and to the Arabs of Al-Andalus as Nahr az-Zaytūn (نهر الزيتون, river of Olives) [1] has its sources on the north face of the Pic del Segre or Puigmal de Segre ("Segre's Peak") in the French department Pyrénées-Orientales (historically the comarca of Alta Cerdanya), in the Catalan Pyrenees.[2] It follows a western direction all along the Cerdanya (Cerdagne) Valley, and crosses the town Saillagouse, the Spanish exclave Llívia, and Bourg-Madame.

It enters Spain at Puigcerdà and continues west until La Seu d'Urgell, where it meets the Valira River coming from Andorra. From this point, it adopts a south-western course across the pre-Pyrenees (with several dams along its gorges) and the western plains of Catalonia. It passes through Balaguer, Lleida, and flows into the Ebro at Mequinenza.

Among its tributaries: Valira (from Andorra), Noguera Pallaresa, Noguera Ribagorzana, and Cinca.

In Lleida

The river Segre is an essential feature of the Lleida's geography, dividing the city in two. During the city's history, several floods have occurred, the last in the late 1970s. There is also a dam on the river, near the natural park La Mitjana. Another park, Els Camps Elisis, is adjacent to the Segre.[3]

Many bridges span the river in the city of Lleida, namely: Pont Vell, Pont del Ferrocarril, Pont Nou, Pont de la Universitat, Pont de Pardinyes, Pont de Príncep de Viana, Passarel·la de Rufea, Passarel·la dels Maristes, Passarel·la d'Onze de Setembre, Passarel·la de Pardinyes, and Passarel·la del Liceu Escolar.

See also

References

  1. ^ Nuzhatul Mushtaq (Arabic)[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Géoportail". Archived from the original on 2010-12-15. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
  3. ^ Rodríguez, Andrés. "Camps Elisis, escenari singular de la nova Lleida" (PDF). News Lleida (in Catalan) (May/September 2008): 22–31. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 17, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2010.
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Segre (river)
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