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Sargocentron xantherythrum

Sargocentron xantherythrum
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Holocentriformes
Family: Holocentridae
Genus: Sargocentron
Species:
S. xantherythrum
Binomial name
Sargocentron xantherythrum
Synonyms[1]

Holocentrus xantherythrus Jordan & Evermann, 1903

Sargocentron xantherythrum, commonly known as Hawaiian squirrelfish or striped squirrelfish, is a member of the squirrelfish family. It is known from the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll.[1][2][3] It is occasionally available in the aquarium trade. It grows to a total length of 17 centimeters (6.7 in).[2][4]

Description

This fish has a red coloration with white stripes running along the body. It has sharp gill spines and rough scales that can cause the fish to be snagged in netting materials.[5]

Distribution and habitat

Sargocentron xantherythrum is usually found in reefs in tropical climates and lives in depths of 1–217 m (3 ft 3 in – 711 ft 11 in).[2]

Behavior

This is a nocturnal species that inhabits seaward reefs below the surge zone, and is common near caves and ledges. It feeds mainly on worms, crustaceans and starfish.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ a b c Williams, I.; Greenfield, D. (2017) [errata version of 2016 assessment]. "Sargocentron xantherythrum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T67903264A115447186. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T67903264A67906380.en. Retrieved 17 November 2023.
  2. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2023). "Sargocentron xantherythrum" in FishBase. June 2023 version.
  3. ^ Hoover, John P. (2008). The Ultimate Guide to Hawaiian Reef Fishes, Sea Turtles, Dolphins, Whales, and Seals. Mutual Publishing. p. 281. ISBN 978-1-56647-887-8.
  4. ^ a b "Sargocentron xantherythrum summary page".
  5. ^ a b "Striped Squirrelfish (Sargocentron xantherythrum)".


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Sargocentron xantherythrum
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