For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Santa Fe, Argentina.

Santa Fe, Argentina

Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz
City
Santa Fe, Argentina
Santa Fe, Argentina
Coat of arms of Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz is located in Argentina
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz
Location of Santa Fe in Argentina
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz is located in Santa Fe Province
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz
Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz (Santa Fe Province)
Coordinates: 31°38′S 60°42′W / 31.633°S 60.700°W / -31.633; -60.700
Country Argentina
Province Santa Fe
DepartmentLa Capital
Founded1573
Government
 • MayorEmilio Jatón (Partido Socialista)
Area
 • City748 km2 (289 sq mi)
Elevation
25 m (82 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Urban
391,164
 • Metro
653,073
DemonymSantafesino/a
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
CPA base
S3000
Dialing code+54 342
Websitesantafeciudad.gov.ar

Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsanta ˈfe ðe la ˈβeɾa ˈkɾus]; usually called just Santa Fe, lit. "Holy Faith") is the capital city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. It is situated in north-eastern Argentina, near the junction of the Paraná and Salado rivers. It lies 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the Hernandarias Subfluvial Tunnel that connects it to the city of Paraná. The city is also connected by canal with the port of Colastiné on the Paraná River. Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz has about 391,164 inhabitants per the 2010 census [INDEC]. The metropolitan area has a population of 653,073, making it the eighth largest in Argentina.

Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz is linked to Rosario (170 km (106 mi) to the south), the largest city in the province, by the Brigadier Estanislao López Highway and by National Route 11, which continues south towards Buenos Aires. Córdoba is about (340 km (211 mi) west of Santa Fe, through the National Route 19. Santa Fe is home to the Sauce Viejo Airport with daily direct flights to Rosario and Aeroparque Jorge Newbery in Buenos Aires.

History

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz was founded on the nearby site of Cayastá in 1573 by the conquistador Juan de Garay (1528-1583)[1] during an expedition which he led from Asunción (in present-day Paraguay) to the Paraná River. (Cayastá today has a historical park containing the grave of Hernandarias (1561-1634), the first American-born governor in South America.) The settlement was moved to the present site in 1653 due to the constant flooding of the Cayastá River. The city of Santa Fe became the provincial capital in 1814, when the territory of the province of Santa Fe was separated from the province of Buenos Aires by the National Constituent Assembly, held in the city in 1853.

Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz became the commercial and transportation center for a rich agricultural area that produces grain, vegetable oils, and meats. The city is the site of the National Technological University – Santa Fe Regional Faculty, Catholic University of Santa Fe (inaugurated in 1959), and the National University of the Littoral (first founded as the Provincial University in 1889, it adopted its current name in 1919).

A suspension bridge was completed in 1924, though severe flooding partially destroyed it in 1983 (a second bridge, the Oroño, was opened in 1971). The city's location is still not immune to flooding. On April 29, 2003, the Salado, which empties into the Paraná near Santa Fe, rose almost 2 m (6.5 ft) in a few hours following heavy rainfall, and caused a catastrophic flood. No fewer than 100,000 people had to be evacuated, and large sections of the city remained under water more than a week later. That year, the suspension bridge was reopened, and in 2008, the city's historic grain silos were converted into the Los Silos Hotel and Casino, and San Martín Street was converted to pedestrian use.

The city's historical role in the Argentine Constitution led national lawmakers to choose it as the site of Constitutional Conventions in 1949, 1957, and 1994.

Climate

The city has a climate considered as humid subtropical (Cfa, according to the Köppen climate classification, with a Cwa tendency). Winters are generally mild, though minimum temperatures can fall below 0 °C (32.0 °F) on cold nights during the winter. Summers are generally hot and humid. During the most extreme heat waves, temperatures have exceeded 45 °C (113.0 °F). Temperatures have exceeded 35 °C (95.0 °F) in every season.[2]

Rainfall can be expected throughout the year though summer is usually the wettest season. Thunderstorms can be intense with frequent lightning, powerful downdraughts and intense precipitation. The lowest record temperature was −7.0 °C (19.4 °F) on June 13, 1967, while the highest recorded temperature was 45.6 °C (114.1 °F) on January 25, 1986.[3]

Climate data for Santa Fe, SF (Sauce Viejo Airport) 1991–2020, extremes 1961–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.6
(114.1)
40.9
(105.6)
38.6
(101.5)
36.5
(97.7)
34.3
(93.7)
30.9
(87.6)
33.6
(92.5)
38.6
(101.5)
39.9
(103.8)
41.0
(105.8)
44.0
(111.2)
42.9
(109.2)
45.6
(114.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 31.5
(88.7)
30.0
(86.0)
28.5
(83.3)
24.6
(76.3)
21.0
(69.8)
18.0
(64.4)
17.5
(63.5)
20.3
(68.5)
22.5
(72.5)
25.2
(77.4)
28.0
(82.4)
30.2
(86.4)
24.8
(76.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
24.4
(75.9)
22.6
(72.7)
18.9
(66.0)
15.5
(59.9)
12.4
(54.3)
11.5
(52.7)
13.8
(56.8)
16.3
(61.3)
19.4
(66.9)
22.2
(72.0)
24.4
(75.9)
18.9
(66.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
19.1
(66.4)
17.6
(63.7)
14.0
(57.2)
11.0
(51.8)
7.9
(46.2)
6.7
(44.1)
8.3
(46.9)
10.6
(51.1)
14.0
(57.2)
16.5
(61.7)
18.7
(65.7)
13.7
(56.7)
Record low °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
6.2
(43.2)
3.1
(37.6)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
−6.6
(20.1)
−5.0
(23.0)
−2.9
(26.8)
0.2
(32.4)
3.9
(39.0)
5.6
(42.1)
−7.0
(19.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 98.7
(3.89)
117.5
(4.63)
138.4
(5.45)
127.9
(5.04)
52.1
(2.05)
33.3
(1.31)
25.4
(1.00)
32.2
(1.27)
49.4
(1.94)
114.8
(4.52)
143.0
(5.63)
143.1
(5.63)
1,075.8
(42.35)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.0 7.3 7.1 8.0 5.0 3.5 3.2 3.5 5.4 7.9 7.7 8.3 73.9
Average relative humidity (%) 68.5 72.9 75.0 78.5 80.7 80.7 77.4 72.0 69.1 70.2 67.4 67.2 73.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 240.1 241.8 195.0 176.7 150.0 179.8 210.8 210.0 235.6 267.0 266.6 2,661.7
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.3 8.5 7.8 6.5 5.7 5.0 5.8 6.8 7.0 7.6 8.9 8.6 7.3
Percent possible sunshine 63 64 55 53 50 44 46 54 47 55 58 54 54
Source 1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[4][5][3]
Source 2: UNLP (percent sun 1971–1980)[6]

The city

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Santa Fe riverwalk
Puente Colgante

There is infrastructure for tourism that has been developed: river side bars and nightclubs, chic restaurants, the improvement of the major highways and a subfluvial tunnel.[citation needed]

Transport

Railway

Despite having had four railway stations, nowadays the city Santa Fe is not served by rail transport. The Mitre Railway station is no longer used since 2007, when defunct company Trenes de Buenos Aires cancelled its services to Santa Fe. Likewise, the Santa Fe Belgrano (built in 1891 and named Cultural Heritage) and Guadalupe stations had been entered into disuse in 1993 when the railway privatisation in Argentina ceased all the long-distance services in the country.

In the 2010s, the local municipality remodelled both stations as Guadalupe would be terminus for a new urban train.[7][8] Nevertheless, the original project was not carried out. On the other hand, the Santa Fe Belgrano station was re-opened as a convention center.[9]

The fourth station (also the oldest of all) had been built by French company Province of Santa Fe Railway in 1885. It was demolished in 1962 and replaced by a bus station.[10]

Railway stations in the city of Santa Fe are:

Name Former company Line Status (passenger)
Santa Fe (Mitre) BA & Rosario Mitre Closed (2007) 1
Santa Fe (Belgrano) Central Northern Belgrano Closed (1993) 2
Guadalupe Central Northern Belgrano Closed (1993) 3
Central Station Prov. Santa Fe Belgrano Demolished (1962) 4

Notes:

  • 1 No longer active since TBA cancelled its services.
  • 2 Granted in concession to the Municipality of Santa Fe that remodelled it completely. The station re-opened as a convention center.
  • 3 Refurbished in 2011 by the Municipality to be terminus of an urban train.[8] Nevertheless, the project was not carried out.
  • 4 Also known as "La Francesa", it was demolished in 1962 to build a bus station.

Sports

Santa Fe put itself on the international sports map as one of the host cities of the 1990 FIBA World Championship.[11] The games were played in the Estadio de la Facultad Regional Santa Fe. The Estadio Ángel Malvicino was one of the venues of the 2002 FIVB Men's Volleyball World Championship. Santa Fe also hosted the first ever Five-pin billiards World Championship in 1965.

The city is also home to two first division football teams: Club Atlético Colón and Club Atlético Unión, who contest the Santa Fe derby. Santa Fe was also the place where the world known Amílcar Brusa was born and raised, and the home of boxers Carlos Baldomir and Julio César Vásquez.

Notable natives

Composer and ethnologist Ariel Ramírez (at the piano) with Mercedes Sosa, 1972.

Sister cities

Santa Fe is twinned with:

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ The South American Republics, page 22 - "[...] it was not until 1573 that the Spaniards from Asuncion succeeded in founding a city south of the confluence of the Paraná and Paraguay. Santa Fé was the first Spanish settlement on the Plate in territory now a part of the Argentine Republic. [...] The man who led the creoles to the pampa was Juan de Garay, a Basque, who had been one of the soldiers in the army that conquered Peru."
  2. ^ "Guía Climática para el Turismo (Climate Guide for Tourists)" (in Spanish). Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Clima en la Argentina: Guia Climática por Sauce Viejo Aero". Caracterización: Estadísticas de largo plazo (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  4. ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales - período 1991-2020" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  5. ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales – período 1991–2020" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. 2023. Archived from the original on 8 July 2023. Retrieved 1 August 2023.
  6. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  7. ^ "Acondicionan la Estación Guadalupe, en Santa Fe, con vistas al proyecto de tren urbano", El Litoral, 2010
  8. ^ a b "Puesta en valor de la Estación Guadalupe", El Santafesino, 18 Mar 2011
  9. ^ "Estación Belgrano" on Government of Santa Fe website
  10. ^ "Ferrocarril en Santa Fe"
  11. ^ 1990 World Championship for Men, Archive.FIBA.com, Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  12. ^ a b c d "Asuntos Federales y Electorales". www.cancilleria.gov.ar. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Santa Fe, Argentina
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?