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Sant Boi de Llobregat

Sant Boi de Llobregat
Parish of St. Baldiri
Parish of St. Baldiri
Flag of Sant Boi de Llobregat
Coat of arms of Sant Boi de Llobregat
Sant Boi de Llobregat is located in Catalonia
Sant Boi de Llobregat
Sant Boi de Llobregat
Location within Catalonia
Sant Boi de Llobregat is located in Spain
Sant Boi de Llobregat
Sant Boi de Llobregat
Location within Spain
Coordinates: 41°20′10″N 2°02′35″E / 41.336°N 2.043°E / 41.336; 2.043
Country Spain
Community Catalonia
ProvinceBarcelona
ComarcaBaix Llobregat
Government
 • MayorLluïsa Moret Sabidó (PSC, 2015)[1]
Area
 • Total21.5 km2 (8.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[3]
 • Total82,904
 • Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
DemonymSantboià/-na
Websitestboi.cat

Sant Boi de Llobregat (IPA: [ˌsam ˈboj ðə ʎuβɾəˈɣat]) is a city in the Province of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain, located on the banks of the Llobregat river. In 2019 it had 83,605 inhabitants.[4]

The city is divided into six neighborhoods (named barris in Catalan): Ciutat Cooperativa-Molí Nou, Marianao-Can Paulet, Barri Centre, Vinyets-Molí Vell, Camps Blancs-Canons-Orioles, and Casablanca.[5]

It is bordered on the north by the towns of Santa Coloma de Cervelló and Sant Joan Despí and the village of Sant Climent de Llobregat; on the east by the town of Cornellà de Llobregat; on the west by Viladecans; and on the south by El Prat de Llobregat and the Mediterranean Sea (via a narrow southward salient).

Economy

Although the main business activity is trading, which is centered around the service sector, Sant Boi is also known for industrial activities, especially metallurgy. Agriculturally, its mild climate and fertile waterlogged lands, located at the mouth of the Llobregat river, produce a wide variety of vegetables, including the famous Llobregat Delta artichokes. The region offers three different artichoke varieties: white artichoke from Tudela, camús from Bretagne (considered to be the largest variety) and artichoke from Benicarló. Production is concentrated mostly in March, but products can be found in local markets throughout the year.

Politics

The mayor of the town is Lluïsa Moret Sabidó (Socialists' Party of Catalonia, PSC), and the political composition of the city council seats is as follows:

Socialists' Party of Catalonia: 10
Initiative for Catalonia Greens: 4
Citizens – Party of the Citizenry: 3
Republican Left of Catalonia: 3
Gent de Sant Boi: 2
People's Party: 2
Convergence and Union: 1

History

The finding of archaeological remains corresponding to Iberian colonies (VI-I bC) and to the Romans (I-V aC)―a noteworthy Roman bath is located near the river―suggests that Sant Boi was created in pre-Roman times.

As with most of the surrounding lands, from the 8th to the 11th century the town was controlled by the Moors, until their expulsion from Iberia during the Reconquista. The Moors called it Alcalá, which means "castle", due to the existence of a hillock from where the river and the valley were dominated. The town's current name is derived from the name of Saint Baudilus, known as Boi or Baldiri in Catalonia.[6]

During the Middle Ages, the village progressively grew, expanding from the castle's surroundings to adjacent zones. A baroque-style church was built during the 16th century. The growth continued in the following centuries, giving rise to numerous "masies" (typical Catalan agricultural country houses) near the river and fertile lands. By the end of the 19th century, Sant Boi was a village of nearly 5,000 inhabitants, with an economy driven mainly by agriculture.

In the early stages of the 20th century, industry arrived and subsequently flourished in Sant Boi, ranging from brick manufacturing to metalwork. With the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939, there was a massive influx of immigrants from many different parts of Spain. These new arrivals consisted mostly of people from villages and small towns. They were searching for jobs and career opportunities in the city of Barcelona since it was stimulated by the regrowth of Catalan industry in post-war Spain.

The population rose from 10,000 people in 1940 to 65,000 in 1975. This period is characterized by the construction of complete quarters (Casablanca, Camps Blancs, and Cooperativa) for the housing of immigrants. Sant Boi is now a town with more than 80,000 inhabitants, with well-established industrial and service sectors, and good cultural and recreational offerings.

Demography

1900 1930 1950 1970 1986 2019
5,311 8,867 10,811 50,051 75,789 83,605

was

Notable places

  • Sant Baldiri's Church
  • Roman Bathhouses
  • Sant Ramon Hermitage

Sport

The town has a rugby union club (UE Santboiana), and a football club (FC Santboià).

Prominent people from Sant Boi

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ajuntament de Sant Boi de Llobregat". Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  2. ^ "El municipi en xifres: Sant Boi de Llobregat". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  3. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  4. ^ "The municipality in figures". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. 11 June 2020.
  5. ^ Pl. Ajuntament, Ajuntament de Sant Boi de Llobregat. "Who are we? – Sant Boi Cyti Hall". Ajuntament de Sant Boi de Llobregat. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  6. ^ Samboal
  • Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona: Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).
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Sant Boi de Llobregat
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