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San Salvador de Jujuy

San Salvador de Jujuy
(From top to bottom; from left to right) View of the city; Monument to Belgrano; Cathedral of St. Francis; Downtown and Patio of the Cathedral Church
(From top to bottom; from left to right) View of the city; Monument to Belgrano; Cathedral of St. Francis; Downtown and Patio of the Cathedral Church
Coat of arms of San Salvador de Jujuy
San Salvador de Jujuy is located in Jujuy Province
San Salvador de Jujuy
San Salvador de Jujuy
Location of San Salvador de Jujuy in Argentina
San Salvador de Jujuy is located in Argentina
San Salvador de Jujuy
San Salvador de Jujuy
San Salvador de Jujuy (Argentina)
Coordinates: 24°11′S 65°18′W / 24.183°S 65.300°W / -24.183; -65.300
Country Argentina
Province Jujuy
DepartmentDoctor Manuel Belgrano
FoundedApril 19, 1593
Government
 • IntendantRaúl Jorge (UCR)
Area
 • City19 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation
1,259 m (4,131 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Urban
257,970
DemonymJujeño
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
CPA base
Y4600
Dialing code+54 388
WebsiteOfficial website

San Salvador de Jujuy (Spanish pronunciation: [san salβaˈðoɾ ðe xuˈxuj]), commonly known as Jujuy and locally often referred to as San Salvador,[1] is the capital and largest city of Jujuy Province in northwest Argentina. Also, it is the seat of the Doctor Manuel Belgrano Department. It lies near the southern end of the Humahuaca Canyon where wooded hills meet the lowlands.

Its population at the 2001 census [INDEC] was 237,751 inhabitants. If its suburbs are included, this figure rises to around 300,000.[2] The current mayor is Raúl Jorge.

City information

The city lies on National Route 9 that connects La Quiaca 289 km (180 mi) with Salta 120 km (75 mi), and it is 1,525 km (948 mi) from Buenos Aires. Tourist destinations not far from the city are Tilcara 84 km (52 mi), Humahuaca 126 km (78 mi), and the Calilegua National Park 111 km (69 mi).

Jujuy is located near the Andes, at the junction of the Xibi Xibi River and the Río Grande de Jujuy, 1,238 meters above sea level. The weather is humid during the summer and dry and cold during the winter. Temperatures vary widely between day and night.

The city is the provincial government, financial and cultural centre. Most administrative offices related to economic activities that take place in other parts of the province are located here; these activities include petroleum extraction and pre-processing, sugarcane and sugar industry (Ledesma), tobacco (El Carmen, 10 km (6.2 mi) south), steel (in nearby Villa Palpalá), citrus, and fruit and vegetable production for local consumption.

The city has a colonial city centre including the Cabildo, the cathedral, and colorful Andean carnivals.

The Gobernador Horacio Guzmán International Airport (IATA: JUJ, ICAO: SASJ) at coordinates 24°24′00″S 65°05′00″W / 24.40000°S 65.08333°W / -24.40000; -65.08333, is 33 km (21 mi) southeast of the city (in Ciudad Perico) and has regular flights to Buenos Aires.

History

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After previous attempts in 1565 and 1592, the current city was founded as San Salvador de Velazco en el Valle de Jujuy on April 19, 1593, by Francisco de Argañarás y Murguía. The settlement initially developed as a strategic site on the mule trade route between San Miguel de Tucumán and the silver mines in Potosí, Bolivia.

Reaching its peak importance during the colonial period, San Salvador de Jujuy declined to the status of a remote provincial capital after the Argentine Declaration of Independence in 1816. The town became the capital of Jujuy Province when the latter separated from Salta Province in 1834. The 1863 Jujuy earthquake leveled the town, and it recovered slowly in the following decades. Jujuy began to grow following the arrival of the Northern Central Railway in 1900. Its first institution of higher learning, the Economic Sciences Institute, was established in 1959, and was incorporated into the new National University of Jujuy in 1973. The city was the location of a number of Argentine films, including Veronico Cruz (1988) and Una estrella y dos cafés (2005). The city's impoverished Lower Azopardo neighborhood would later give rise to Milagro Sala's Indigenist Tupac Amaru Neighborhood Association.

Climate

Jujuy has a humid subtropical climate (Cwa, according to the Köppen climate classification), mainly because of the altitude. Summers bring warm days at 28 °C (82 °F) and nights at 16 °C (61 °F) with frequent thunderstorms. The rest of the year is sunny, with temperatures at about 24 °C (75 °F) during the day and 11 °C (52 °F) at night, crisp, dry winters with warm days of 19 °C (66 °F) and cold nights at 6 °C (43 °F), and sunny springs with warm days at 26 °C (79 °F) and cool nights at 11 °C (52 °F). During heat waves, temperatures can sometimes reach 35 °C (95 °F) but these are not frequent and nights always bring significant cooling, as opposed to many low-lying areas in Northern Argentina. During the winter, the record low has fallen to −7 °C (19 °F). Precipitation is about 800 mm (31 in), which falls in the form of thunderstorms during the warmest months. The highest temperature recorded was 42 °C (108 °F) on October 16, 2014 while the lowest temperature recorded was −6.9 °C (19.6 °F) on August 14, 1978.[3]

Climate data for San Salvador de Jujuy (Gobernador Horacio Guzmán International Airport) 1991–2020, extremes 1968–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.2
(104.4)
38.4
(101.1)
39.8
(103.6)
34.5
(94.1)
33.9
(93.0)
34.1
(93.4)
39.9
(103.8)
38.0
(100.4)
41.3
(106.3)
42.4
(108.3)
41.7
(107.1)
42.0
(107.6)
42.4
(108.3)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
28.8
(83.8)
27.1
(80.8)
24.3
(75.7)
21.3
(70.3)
19.9
(67.8)
20.1
(68.2)
23.6
(74.5)
26.4
(79.5)
29.0
(84.2)
30.0
(86.0)
30.7
(87.3)
26.0
(78.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
22.7
(72.9)
21.3
(70.3)
18.5
(65.3)
15.1
(59.2)
12.5
(54.5)
11.9
(53.4)
15.1
(59.2)
18.4
(65.1)
21.9
(71.4)
23.1
(73.6)
24.0
(75.2)
19.0
(66.2)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
17.9
(64.2)
17.0
(62.6)
14.1
(57.4)
10.4
(50.7)
7.3
(45.1)
6.0
(42.8)
8.2
(46.8)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
16.7
(62.1)
18.1
(64.6)
13.4
(56.1)
Record low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
7.5
(45.5)
7.7
(45.9)
1.5
(34.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
−6.0
(21.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.8
(35.2)
4.2
(39.6)
8.5
(47.3)
−6.9
(19.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 147.6
(5.81)
154.0
(6.06)
131.8
(5.19)
51.7
(2.04)
13.6
(0.54)
4.3
(0.17)
2.8
(0.11)
2.1
(0.08)
5.1
(0.20)
28.8
(1.13)
56.1
(2.21)
122.5
(4.82)
720.4
(28.36)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13.4 12.6 13.5 9.0 4.2 2.6 2.0 1.0 1.8 4.9 7.4 11.5 83.9
Average snowy days 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2
Average relative humidity (%) 73.2 77.5 81.1 81.5 79.3 75.9 67.1 55.7 50.0 55.7 60.7 67.3 68.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 213.9 175.2 167.4 150.0 158.1 165.0 201.5 220.1 210.0 210.8 213.0 213.9 2,298.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.9 6.2 5.4 5.0 5.1 5.5 6.5 7.1 7.0 6.8 7.1 6.9 6.3
Percent possible sunshine 55 53 46 49 57 47 62 62 57 52 51 54 54
Source 1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[3][4][5][6]
Source 2: UNLP (percent sun only 1971–1980)[7]
Climate data for San Salvador de Jujuy (National University of Jujuy) 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1987–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.4
(99.3)
35.0
(95.0)
34.0
(93.2)
31.5
(88.7)
32.2
(90.0)
35.2
(95.4)
36.2
(97.2)
37.6
(99.7)
38.0
(100.4)
39.8
(103.6)
40.0
(104.0)
38.1
(100.6)
40.0
(104.0)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
26.2
(79.2)
24.8
(76.6)
22.4
(72.3)
19.6
(67.3)
18.6
(65.5)
18.6
(65.5)
21.7
(71.1)
24.0
(75.2)
26.4
(79.5)
27.1
(80.8)
27.7
(81.9)
23.7
(74.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.1
(70.0)
20.2
(68.4)
19.1
(66.4)
16.6
(61.9)
13.4
(56.1)
11.1
(52.0)
10.2
(50.4)
13.0
(55.4)
15.7
(60.3)
19.0
(66.2)
20.2
(68.4)
21.3
(70.3)
16.7
(62.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
16.2
(61.2)
15.5
(59.9)
12.7
(54.9)
9.1
(48.4)
5.9
(42.6)
4.5
(40.1)
6.4
(43.5)
9.1
(48.4)
12.9
(55.2)
14.6
(58.3)
16.2
(61.2)
11.7
(53.1)
Record low °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
5.7
(42.3)
6.9
(44.4)
0.9
(33.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−6.4
(20.5)
−4.8
(23.4)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.7
(35.1)
2.9
(37.2)
7.4
(45.3)
−6.4
(20.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 191.5
(7.54)
188.0
(7.40)
166.5
(6.56)
62.0
(2.44)
20.9
(0.82)
9.5
(0.37)
7.1
(0.28)
5.9
(0.23)
9.4
(0.37)
40.8
(1.61)
97.5
(3.84)
152.1
(5.99)
951.1
(37.44)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.7 15.7 15.4 10.1 6.5 4.3 3.7 2.9 3.7 7.6 10.7 14.5 111.8
Average snowy days 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7
Average relative humidity (%) 80.7 83.7 84.9 84.7 83.0 79.3 74.1 65.3 62.6 67.0 71.1 77.0 76.1
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[3][4][5]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ South American Handbook 2009 ISBN 978-1-906098-36-0 p.173
  2. ^ Indec:Instituto Nacional De Estadistica Y Censos De La Republica Argentina Archived 2016-02-21 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c "Clima en la Argentina: Guia Climática por Jujuy Aero". Caracterización: Estadísticas de largo plazo (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 2 Mar 2023.
  4. ^ a b "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales - período 1991-2020" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 2 Mar 2023.
  5. ^ a b "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales – período 1991–2020" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. 2023. Archived from the original on 8 July 2023. Retrieved 4 August 2023.
  6. ^ "Estadística climatológica de la República Argentina Período 1991-2000" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 9 May 2023. Retrieved 23 May 2023.
  7. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  8. ^ "Argentina - I. Almasana". Soccerway. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
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San Salvador de Jujuy
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