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Saʿumu

Saʿumu
King of Mari
Reignc. 2416 – 2400 BC Middle Chronology
PredecessorAnsud
SuccessorIšhtup-Išar
King of Mari

Saʿumu was a king (Lugal) of the second Mariote kingdom who reigned c. 2416–2400 BC.[1] Some scholars, such as Joseph Martin Pagan, interpreted the king's name as derived from the root "ś-y-m", a cognate of the Akkadian word "šâmu-m", meaning "to buy".[2]

In a letter written by the later Mariote king Enna-Dagan, Saʿumu is attested launching a major attack on the Eblaites.[3] The king's campaigns recorded in the letter were concentrated in the middle Euphrates valley east of Emar,[4] where he defeated the cities of Tibalat and Ilwani, leaving ruins in the mountainous area of Angai.[3] Saʿumu continued his war defeating the cities of Ra'ak, Nirum,[note 1] Ashaldu and Badul, leaving ruins in the borders of Nahal's region.[3]

King Saʿumu of Mari Regnal titles Preceded byAnsud King of Mari 2416-2400 BC Succeeded byIšhtup-Išar

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Located in the Euphrates' middle valley close to Sweyhat.[5]

Citations

  1. ^ William J. Hamblin (2006). Warfare in the Ancient Near East to 1600 BC. p. 242. ISBN 9781134520626.
  2. ^ Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 761. ISBN 9781442690479.
  3. ^ a b c Mario Liverani (2013). The Ancient Near East: History, Society and Economy. p. 119. ISBN 9781134750849.
  4. ^ Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 762. ISBN 9781442690479.
  5. ^ Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 756. ISBN 9781442690479.
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Saʿumu
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