For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Saʿumu.


King of Mari
Reignc. 2416 – 2400 BC Middle Chronology
King of Mari

Saʿumu was a king (Lugal) of the second Mariote kingdom who reigned c. 2416–2400 BC.[1] Some scholars, such as Joseph Martin Pagan, interpreted the king's name as derived from the root "ś-y-m", a cognate of the Akkadian word "šâmu-m", meaning "to buy".[2]

In a letter written by the later Mariote king Enna-Dagan, Saʿumu is attested launching a major attack on the Eblaites.[3] The king's campaigns recorded in the letter were concentrated in the middle Euphrates valley east of Emar,[4] where he defeated the cities of Tibalat and Ilwani, leaving ruins in the mountainous area of Angai.[3] Saʿumu continued his war defeating the cities of Ra'ak, Nirum,[note 1] Ashaldu and Badul, leaving ruins in the borders of Nahal's region.[3]

King Saʿumu of Mari Regnal titles Preceded byAnsud King of Mari 2416-2400 BC Succeeded byIšhtup-Išar

See also


  1. ^ Located in the Euphrates' middle valley close to Sweyhat.[5]


  1. ^ William J. Hamblin (2006). Warfare in the Ancient Near East to 1600 BC. p. 242. ISBN 9781134520626.
  2. ^ Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 761. ISBN 9781442690479.
  3. ^ a b c Mario Liverani (2013). The Ancient Near East: History, Society and Economy. p. 119. ISBN 9781134750849.
  4. ^ Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 762. ISBN 9781442690479.
  5. ^ Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 756. ISBN 9781442690479.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?