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São Tomé oriole

São Tomé oriole
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Oriolidae
Genus: Oriolus
O. crassirostris
Binomial name
Oriolus crassirostris
Hartlaub, 1857
Distribution on the island of São Tomé

The São Tomé oriole (Oriolus crassirostris), or great-billed oriole, is a species of bird in the family Oriolidae. The species was named by Gustav Hartlaub in 1857. It is endemic to the island of São Tomé.[1] Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Distribution and habitat

It is widely distributed throughout the island of São Tomé, except the northeast (the urban area of São Tomé). It is most abundant in the southwest and on the central massif.[1]


The São Tomé oriole is threatened by habitat loss of the remaining lowland rainforest of São Tomé.[2]


  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2018). "Oriolus crassirostris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22706404A131471210. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22706404A131471210.en. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  2. ^ Kirby, Alex. "Many threatened birds 'need help'", BBC News (March 8, 2004).

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São Tomé oriole
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