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Rusudan (daughter of Demetrius I of Georgia)

Rusudan (Georgian: რუსუდანი) was a 12th-century Georgian princess of the Bagrationi royal family. She was a daughter of King Demetrius I of Georgia, sister of the kings David V and George III, and a paternal aunt of the famous Queen Tamar of Georgia. She was referred as dedopali in Georgian which translates to queen.[1] In the Seljuk Empire, she was known as Abkhaziyya Khatun.[2]

In 1143, she married Seljuk Sultan Ghiyath ad-Din Mas'ud, and was given Ganja as a dowry. However, the marriage only lasted a few years before his death in 1152. She then married his uncle Sultan Ahmad Sanjar. After Sanjar's death in 1157, she married his nephew Sultan Suleiman-Shah. The marriage lasted until his death in 1161,[2][3][4] after which she returned to Georgia. She was childless,[3] and didn’t remarried.[5] Her two nieces, the daughters of her brother George, Tamar and Rusudan, were educated at her court in Samshvilde.[3]

After her brother’s death in 1184, his daughter Tamar ascended the throne.[3] Rusudan was influential during her reign.[6] In 1185, Yury Bogolyubsky joined a political conspiracy aimed at restraining the authority of Tamar. During this period, Rusudan, collaborated with the Catholicos (the leader of the Georgian Church) to orchestrate the marriage between Yury and Tamar. Despite Tamar being initially crowned as mepe (ruler) by her father, their union resulted in Yury also holding the title of mepe, altering Tamar's designation to 'king of kings and queen of queens.'[7] She was also foster-mother to Alan prince David Soslan whom Tamar married as her second husband in 1189, after her divorce from her first husband in 1187.[3]

References

  1. ^ Eastmond, A. (2010). Royal Imagery in Medieval Georgia. Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-271-04391-3.
  2. ^ a b al-Fatḥ ibn ʻAlī Bundārī (1943). Irak ve Horasan, Selo̧uklulari tarihi: Imad ad-Dịn al-Kâtib al-Isfahânʼi'nin, al-Bondârʼi tarafindan ihtisar edilen Zubdat al-Nuṣra va Nuḩbat al 'Usra, adli kitabinin tercümesi. M. Th. Houtsma tarafindan 1889 da leiden'de neşredilen metinden türçeye çeviren Kivameddin Burslan. Türk Tarih Kurumu yayinlari, 2. seri, no. 4. Maarif Matbaasi. p. 212.
  3. ^ a b c d e Rayfield, D. (2013). Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia. Reaktion Books. pp. 100, 101, 107, 110. ISBN 978-1-78023-070-2.
  4. ^ Comité de l'indépendance du Caucase (1954). United Caucasus: Monthly Organ of the Committee for Caucasian Independence. The Committee. p. 25.
  5. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril. On the Relationship between the Founder of the Empire of Trebizond and the Georgian Queen Thamar. Speculum, Vol. 15, No. 3. (Jul., 1940), p. 305.
  6. ^ Monter, W. (2012). The Rise of Female Kings in Europe, 1300-1800. Yale University Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-300-17327-7.
  7. ^ Raffensperger, C.; Ostrowski, D. (2023). The Ruling Families of Rus: Clan, Family and Kingdom. Dynasties. Reaktion Books. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-78914-745-2.
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Rusudan (daughter of Demetrius I of Georgia)
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