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Russian Institute of Theatre Arts

Russian Institute of Theatre Arts – GITIS
Российский институт театрального искусства – ГИТИС
Former names
State Institute of Theatre Arts (Gosudarstvenniy institut teatralnogo iskusstva/GITIS)
TypePublic
Established22 November 1878
RectorГригорий Заславский
Head of International DepartmentNatalia Plusnina
Academic staff
185
Students1,500
Location
Moscow
,
Russia
,
Russian Federation

55°45′18″N 37°36′11″E / 55.755°N 37.603°E / 55.755; 37.603
CampusUrban
Websitegitis.net/en/
Building details
GITIS
Map
General information
Location6 Maly Kislovsky, Moscow

The Russian Institute of Theatre Arts (GITIS) (Russian: Российский институт театрального искусства – ГИТИС, romanizedRossiyskiy institut teatralnogo iskusstva – GITIS) is the largest and oldest independent theatrical arts school in Russia. Located in Moscow, the school was founded on 22 September 1878 as the Shostakovsky Music School. It became the School of Music and Drama of the Moscow Philharmonic Society in 1883, was elevated to the status of a conservatory in 1886 during which time the institution was colloquially referred to as the Philharmonic Conservatory. It was renamed the Institute of Music and Drama in 1918, and was known as the Lunacharsky State Institute for Theatre Arts (GITIS) from 1934 to 1991.[1][2][3][4]

Mission and background

GITIS trains students in various professions in the theatrical arts (including ballet, acting, etc.) and simultaneously provides a traditional university education in liberal arts and humanities. Approximately 1,500 students, qualification-advancement students, and post-graduate students from various countries study at GITIS.[5]

History

Nineteenth century

The university was founded as the Shestakovskiy Music School for Coming People in Moscow at the end of the 19th century, patronized by the Society of Musical and Dramatic Arts Lovers. In 1883 the Society was renamed the Moscow Philharmonic Society and the school obtained the status of Specialized School of Music and Drama, subordinated by the Society.

Drama classes of the musical-drama school were headed by actors, teachers and theatrical figures such as Alexander Yuzhin (1883–1889), Osyp Pravdin (1889–1891) and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko (1891–1901). The 1898 class graduates included Olga Knipper, Margarita Savitskaya, and Vsevolod Meyerhold.[6]

Twentieth century

In 1902, the school moved into the antique Soldatenkov Family building at Maly Kislovsky, where it has been located since. On 24 October 1903 "The Charter of Musical-Drama School of the Moscow Philharmonic Society under the protection of Her Imperial Highness Princess Elisaveta Fedorovna" was approved. According to the Charter, the School was a department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Since the Revolution in Russia of 1917, the Musical-Drama School has undergone a number of reorganization and changes of names caused by reforms in the state education system. In August 1922, the school was renamed the State Institute of Musical Drama and was joined with Vsevolod Meyerhold's State Theatrical Workshops. This association received the name of State Institute of Theatrical Art – GITIS. The official date of its formation was 17 September 1922.

In June 1923, the State Practical Institute of Choreography joined GITIS as a separate department and the plan was achieved.

In 1924, the existing theatrical institutes of Moscow and St.Petersburg were closed by Sovnarkom Edict because "of failures in the quality of theatrical education," but in spite of this, GITIS was authorized to graduate students in the accelerated manner. Clubs by interests and the club movement actively developed those years, were the main stimulus for the subsequent creation of theatrically instructor classes on the basis of already disbanded GITIS. In 1925 the Central technical school of a theatrical art (CETETIS) an educational institution with the four-year training was created.

In 1926, on the basis of graduates of GITIS and CETETIS theatre, Musical Drama in Zamoskvorechye has been generated.

On 2 August 1931 by decision of Sovnarkom RSFSR "About reorganization of system of art education in RSFSR", regulated activity of art higher educational institutions has been published. And on 1 October of the same year the theatrical high school was created by Sovnarkom order which has received the name already familiar to all – GITIS.

In July 1935 Theatrical Combine again transformed to the State Institute of Theatrical Art with three faculties: production management (with three years training), directing (with four years training), acting (with four years training). The Faculty of those years in GITIS were such known theatrical figures as Serafima Birman, Leonid Baratov, Boris Mordvinov, Boris Sushkevich, Leonid Leonidov, Mikhail Tarkhanov, Vasily Sakhnovsky, Olga Pyzhova, Boris Bibikov, Olga Androvskaya, Yosif Raevsky, Vasily Orlov, Andrey Lobanov, Mikhail Astangov, Ilya Sudakov, Yury Zavadsky.

World War Two

After the beginning of Second World War in September – October 1941 the education process in GITIS has been temporarily stopped. GITIS students were evacuated from Moscow to Saratov on 23 October. The GITIS Front Theater was organized out of acting and directing faculties graduates in the summer of 1942 in Saratov. It made its contribution to a movement of front theaters in Second World War. For one thousand four hundred eighteen days of war the theater has given more than one thousand and five hundred performances. Many GITIS graduates, students and teachers were fighting at several fronts.

Post-war years

In post-war years GITIS is widely growing. Few new faculties were organized. In 1946 faculty of a choreography has been created. Since 1958 GITIS Educational Theater was opened. GITIS Theater known for many theater productions and playing the major in preparation of students for all theatrical specialties.

In 1991, the status of academy has been given to GITIS, and Institute has been renamed into the Russian Academy of Theater Arts – GITIS.

Present day

Today the Russian University of Theatre Arts (GITIS) is integrated into the world system of theatrical education. There are 8 faculties at the Russian University of Theatre Arts (GITIS).

Alumni

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Russian Institute of Theatre Arts" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

References

  1. ^ "Shostakovsky" in The New International Encyclopædia, second edition, volume XXI, p. 49. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company (1916).
  2. ^ Taylor, Philip S. (2007). Anton Rubinstein: A Life in Music, p. 201. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-34871-5.
  3. ^ Ėfros, Anatoliĭ; Thomas, James, translator (2006). The Joy of Rehearsal: Reflections on interpretation and Practice, p. 209. New York: Peter Lang. ISBN 978-0-8204-6338-4.
  4. ^ Hartnoll, Phyllis (1983). The Oxford Companion to the Theatre, p. 742. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-211546-1. Snippet view at Google Books.
  5. ^ "Russian Ballet Camp GITIS Overview" (in Russian). russianballetcamp. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
  6. ^ Gladkov, Aleksandr; Law, Alma, translator and editor (1997). Meyerhold Speaks/Meyerhold Rehearses, p. 4. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-90-5702-044-5. Routledge 2004 paperback reprint: ISBN 978-90-5702-045-2. Limited view at Google Books.
  7. ^ Igor Korošec, Russian-Slovenian actor in Hollywood
  8. ^ "Angel Gutierrez". 2 April 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Chekhov and Angel Gutierrez". doi:10.1080/14753820.2016.1248354. S2CID 193657586. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |url= (help)
  10. ^ "Савелий Крамаров (биография)". Retrieved 20 March 2014.
  11. ^ Марис-Рудольф Эдуардович Лиепа. Биографическая справка
  12. ^ Scollon, Michael (24 January 2020). "A Foul-Mouthed Culture Minister Who Hates Museums? Russia May Have One Now – And Some Say It's An Improvement". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  13. ^ Moscow Art Theatre Biography profile
  14. ^ Биография Аллы Пугачевой
  15. ^ СИНЕЛЬЩИКОВА Лариса Васильевна
  16. ^ Selimi

Sources

  • A. Yu. Smoliakov Тот самый ГИТИС. – (Moscow: Алгоритм-Книга, 2004. – 288 p.) – ISBN 5-9265-0141-5.
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Russian Institute of Theatre Arts
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