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Rui Duarte de Barros

Rui Duarte de Barros
Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau
Assumed office
20 December 2023
PresidentUmaro Sissoco Embaló
Preceded byGeraldo Martins
In office
16 May 2012 – 3 July 2014
Preceded byAdiato Djaló Nandigna (acting)
Succeeded byDomingos Simões Pereira
Personal details
Born1959 or 1960 (age 63–64)[1]
Cadique, Tombali Region[citation needed]
Political party

Rui Duarte de Barros (born 18 February 1960)[citation needed] is a Bissau-Guinean economist and politician who has served as the prime minister of Guinea-Bissau since 20 December 2023.[1][3] His previous positions include being the Minister of Economy and Finance, as well as being the Transitional Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau from 16 May 2012 to 3 July 2014 following a military coup.[1][2]


Rui Duarte de Barros was trained as an engineer in Havana, Cuba. Between 2001 and 2003, he was Secretary of State for the Treasury and then Minister of Finance. In 2003, he became Guinea-Bissau's commissioner for the West African Economic and Monetary Union, holding this position until 2011.[2]

Following a coup d'état in April 2012, the Military Command signed a political transition agreement with 36 political parties, excluding the previously ruling PAIGC. As a result, Duarte de Barros – a member of the Party for Social Renewal – was appointed as transitional prime minister on 16 May 2012. Carlos Gomes Júnior, the former prime minister, opposed the appointment of Duarte de Barros, stating that "it is a government that we do not recognize".[2] The next prime minister was chosen in the 2014 Guinea-Bissau general election.

In December 2023, President Umaro Sissoco Embaló dissolved the parliament due to an alleged coup attempt. He then reappointed Geraldo Martins as prime minister, who was tasked with forming a new government; Martins had been prime minister since the PAIGC-led PAI-Terra Ranka coalition's victory in the June 2023 elections. On 20 December, Sissoco Embaló dismissed Martins and appointed Duarte de Barros as prime minister. At the time, Duarte de Barros was serving as the chairman of the Administrative Council of the National People's Assembly, as well as a PAIGC member of parliament.[1][3][4]

Personal life

As of 2012, he was married and had two children.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Guiné-Bissau: Rui Duarte de Barros sucede a Geraldo Martins como primeiro-ministro" [Guinea-Bissau: Rui Duarte de Barros succeeds Geraldo Martins as prime minister]. RFI (in Portuguese). 20 December 2023. Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e Olivier, Mathieu (17 May 2012). "Guinée-Bissau : Rui Duarte Barros nommé Premier ministre de transition, et déjà contesté" [Guinea-Bissau: Rui Duarte Barros appointed transitional Prime Minister, and already contested]. Jeune Afrique (in French). Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Guiné-Bissau: PR dá posse a novo primeiro-ministro e PAI-Terra Ranka pede reposição efetiva do seu Governo". Voice of America (in Portuguese). 20 December 2023. Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  4. ^ "Novo Governo de iniciativa presidencial toma posse em Bissau". Deutsche Welle (in Portuguese). 21 December 2023. Retrieved 23 December 2023.
Political offices Preceded byAdiato Djaló NandignaActing Prime Minister of Guinea-BissauActing 2012–2014 Succeeded byDomingos Simões Pereira Preceded byGeraldo MartinsActing Prime Minister of Guinea-BissauActing 2023–present Incumbent

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Rui Duarte de Barros
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