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Rozelle

Rozelle
SydneyNew South Wales
Foreshore of Iron Cove at King George Park
Rozelle is located in Sydney
Rozelle
Rozelle
Map
Coordinates33°51′54″S 151°10′2″E / 33.86500°S 151.16722°E / -33.86500; 151.16722
Population8,553 (SAL 2021)[1]
Established1892
Postcode(s)2039
Area1.9 km2 (0.7 sq mi)
Location4 km (2 mi) west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)Inner West Council
State electorate(s)Balmain
Federal division(s)Grayndler
Suburbs around Rozelle:
Birchgrove Balmain Balmain East
Drummoyne Rozelle Pyrmont
Lilyfield Annandale Glebe

Rozelle is a suburb in the inner west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 4 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Inner West Council.

Location

Rozelle sits between the suburbs of Balmain to the north-east and Lilyfield to the south-west. Iron Cove is on the north-west border whilst Rozelle Bay, White Bay and Johnstons Bay make up the south-east border. These three bays surround the container port of Glebe Island which has been attached to the shoreline as part of the extensive reclamation of Rozelle Bay and White Bay which had begun in the 1890s.[2]

History

Rozelle Post Office, 1901 (National Archives of Australia)

By 1877 the population of Balmain West had increased and the Balmain post office was inadequate for their needs as a growing suburb. Residents petitioned for a post office of their own and in 1880 Balmain West post office was established in Joseph Gosling's grocery shop at the junction of Weston Road (now Victoria Road) and Withecombe Street. Over the next 10 years the population of Balmain West grew further and in 1891 work started on a new post office on the corner of Weston Road and Darling Street.[3]

In December 1892, prior to the opening of the new post office, the Postmaster-General declared Rozelle (named after the nearby Rozelle Bay to the south east) as the new name for the Balmain West post office. The new Rozelle post office opened in 1894 and by the early 1900s, both the suburb itself and local residents had adopted the name.[3]

The name Rozelle and Rozelle Bay (often shown as "Rozella Bay" on old maps), originated from the parrots found in abundance at Rose Hill (near Parramatta) the first suburb of Sydney, established as a prime farming area for the new colony. The parrots, also in abundance in the inner west Bay area of Sydney, were commonly called "Rose Hill parrots" or "Rose-hillers" then Rosella.[4]

Heritage listings

Rozelle has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Landmarks

  • A dominant structure on the landscape, the coal-fired White Bay Power Station supplied electricity to Sydney for 70 years during the 20th century and was last used in 1983. The station now lies derelict at the junction of Roberts and Victoria Road at White Bay. Next door stood the White Bay Hotel, which opened in 1916 but fell victim to lack of customers in 1992 and was destroyed by fire in 2008.
  • On the western side of the peninsula, the moderne-style Iron Cove Bridge, which opened in 1955, crosses the Parramatta River linking Rozelle with the suburb of Drummoyne. Alongside the bridge on the Rozelle side is the site of the Balmain Power Station, which was demolished in 1996 to make way for residential apartments.
  • On the eastern side stands the Anzac Bridge, completed in 1996, it is the main arterial link between the inner west and Sydney city. Below the bridge lies its predecessor, the Glebe Island Bridge, which opened in 1901.
  • Callan Park was an insane asylum between 1878 and 1914. Many of the original sandstone buildings survive to this day and the extensive parklands are open to the public.
  • St Paul's Presbyterian Church, Darling Street, was designed by E.J. Bowen and built in 1904. It is a brick building with stone trimmings and a slate roof. It is now listed on the Register of the National Estate.[7]
  • Rozelle Public School, corner Darling Street and Victoria Road, was designed by John Horbury Hunt and built of sandstone in 1877. An extra wing was designed by W.E. Kemp and built in 1881. The school is now listed on the Register of the National Estate.[8]
  • Rozelle Markets (open Saturday)

Population

At the 2021 census, 8,553 people were living in Rozelle,[9] compared to 8,725 people at the 2016 census.[10]

In 2021, 66.8% of people were born in Australia. The other most common countries of birth were England 8.3%, New Zealand 2.6% and Ireland 1.4%. 83.3% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Spanish 1.3%, Mandarin 1.2% and Italian 0.9%. The most common responses for religion were no religion 53.0% and Catholic 21.8%. 38.8% of dwellings were semi-detached terraced houses or townhouses, 34.9% were flats, units or apartments and 24.5% were separate houses.[9]

Schools and colleges

Churches

  • St Joseph's Catholic Church
  • St Thomas's Anglican Church (built 1874 to the design of Edmund Blacket)
  • C3 Church

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Rozelle (suburb and locality)". Australian Census 2021 QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2022. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Land and Property Information NSW, Central Mapping Authority Sheets U0945-32, U0945-33, note 33
  3. ^ a b "History of Our Suburb". Leichhardt Council. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  4. ^ Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollon (Angus and Robertson) 1990, p.231
  5. ^ "Sewage Pumping Station 27". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning & Environment. H01341. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
  6. ^ "White Bay Power Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning & Environment. H01015. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
  7. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/40
  8. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/41
  9. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Rozelle". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 December 2023. Edit this at Wikidata
  10. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Rozelle". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017. Edit this at Wikidata

Bibliography

  • The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, ISBN 0-333-33750-6
  • Solling, M; Reynolds, P; Leichhardt: On the margins of the city, Allen & Unwin, 1997, ISBN 1-86448-408-X.
  • Lawrence, J; Warne, C; A Pictorial History of Balmain to Glebe, Kingsclear Books, 1995, ISBN 0-908272-40-5.
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Rozelle
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