For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Rodolphe Lemieux.

Rodolphe Lemieux

Rodolphe Lemieux
16th Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada
In office
March 8, 1922 – June 2, 1930
MonarchGeorge V
Governors GeneralBaron Byng of Vimy
The Earl of Willingdon
Prime MinisterWilliam Lyon Mackenzie King
Arthur Meighen
Preceded byEdgar Nelson Rhodes
Succeeded byGeorge Black
Senator for Rougemont, Quebec
In office
June 3, 1930 – September 28, 1937
Appointed byWilliam Lyon Mackenzie King
Preceded byGeorges-Casimir Dessaulles
Succeeded byElie Beauregard
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Gaspé
In office
Preceded byLouis-Zéphirin Joncas
Succeeded byLouis-Philippe Gauthier
In office
Preceded byLouis-Philippe Gauthier
Succeeded byMaurice Brasset
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Maisonneuve1
In office
Preceded byAlphonse Verville
Succeeded byClément Robitaille
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Rouville
In office
Preceded byLouis-Philippe Brodeur
Succeeded byThe electoral district was abolished in 1914.
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Nicolet2
In office
Preceded byGeorges Ball
Succeeded byCharles Ramsay Devlin
Personal details
Born(1866-11-01)November 1, 1866
Montreal, Canada East
DiedSeptember 28, 1937(1937-09-28) (aged 70)
Political partyLiberal
CabinetSolicitor General of Canada (1904–1906)
Postmaster General (1906–1911)
Minister of Labour (1906–1909)
Minister of the Naval Service (1911)
Minister of Marine and Fisheries (1911)
PortfolioSpeaker of the House of Commons (1922–1930)
1Elected for Gaspé and for Maisonneuve. Sat for both ridings.
2Resignation. Elected for Gaspé and for Nicolet. Chose to sit for Gaspé.

Rodolphe Lemieux PC FRSC (November 1, 1866 – September 28, 1937) was a Canadian parliamentarian and long time Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada (1922–1930).


He was born in Montreal as the son of a Customs officer. After a career as a journalist, lawyer and law professor he was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 1896 election as a Liberal. He was a loyal follower of Sir Wilfrid Laurier and, in 1904 became Solicitor General of Canada in Laurier's Cabinet. He subsequently served as Postmaster General of Canada, Minister of Labour and Minister of Marine and Fisheries. His Deputy Minister in the Department of Labour was future Prime Minister of Canada, William Lyon Mackenzie King.

As Minister of Labour he started a system in which no strike or lockout in a public utility or mine could be legal until the differences had been referred to a three-man board of conciliation representing the employer, the employees and the public.

In 1907, Laurier sent Lemieux to Japan to defend Canadian immigration policies which were discriminatory against the Japanese. He succeeded in obtaining an agreement from Japan to curtail emigration of its citizens to Canada.

He also continued in his academic pursuits, becoming a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1908 and President of the Society in 1918.

In the 1911 election, Lemieux engaged in a series of public debates before audiences of several thousands with nationalist leader Henri Bourassa who was threatening the Liberal's base in Quebec. The Liberals retained a majority of seats in the province but lost government because of its loss of seats in Ontario.

Lemieux was a sharp critic of the Conservative government of Robert Borden accusing it of putting the interests of the British Empire ahead of those of Canada.

During World War I, Lemieux opposed conscription and supported Laurier during the Conscription Crisis of 1917.

When Mackenzie King led the Liberals back to power in the 1921 election, he chose Ernest Lapointe as his Quebec lieutenant rather than Lemieux. Instead, he nominated Lemieux as Speaker of the House of Commons. Lemieux presided over the House during several minority governments.

He was Speaker during the King-Byng Affair of 1926. He remained Speaker when Governor General Byng appointed Arthur Meighen as Prime Minister rather than call an election.

He attempted to rule in a neutral manner despite the highly charged atmosphere, and all but one of his rulings were sustained by the House. Instead Lord Byng invited the Conservatives to form a government. In spite of assurances of support from the Progressive Party, the Conservatives were unable to maintain control of the House. Lemieux had to make several crucial rulings. Five were appealed and one was overturned.

Lemieux presided over three successive Parliaments and was the longest serving Speaker until Lucien Lamoureux broke the record in 1974.

On June 30, 1930, King appointed Lemieux to the Senate of Canada, where he served until his death in 1937. He was entombed at the Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery in Montreal.[1]

1904 Canadian federal election: Nicolet
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Rodolphe Lemieux 2,698
Conservative Georges Ball 2,356


There is a Rodolphe Lemieux fonds at Library and Archives Canada.[2]

Electoral record

1911 Canadian federal election: Rouville
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Rodolphe Lemieux 1,467
Conservative Hormidas Dubreuil 1,189


  1. ^ Répertoire des personnages inhumés au cimetière ayant marqué l'histoire de notre société (in French). Montreal: Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery.
  2. ^ "Rodolphe Lemieux fonds, Library and Archives Canada".
Professional and academic associations Preceded byWilliam Douw Lighthall President of the Royal Society of Canada 1918–1919 Succeeded byRobert Fulford Ruttan
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Rodolphe Lemieux
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?