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Rhinocerotoidea

Rhinocerotoids
Temporal range: 56–0 Ma Latest Paleocene-Present
Rhinoceroses, a type of rhinocerotoid
Skeleton of Paraceratherium (Paraceratheriidae)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Suborder: Ceratomorpha
Superfamily: Rhinocerotoidea
Gray, 1821
Families

Rhinocerotoidea is a superfamily of perissodactyls that appeared 56 million years ago in the Paleocene. Four extinct families such as Amynodontidae, Hyracodontidae, Paraceratheriidae and Eggysodontidae, the only extant family is the Rhinocerotidae (true rhinoceroses), which survives as five living species. Extinct non-rhinocerotid members of the group are sometimes considered rhinoceroses in a broad sense. Although the term 'rhinoceroses' is sometimes used to refer to all of these, a less ambiguous vernacular term for this group is 'rhinocerotoids'. The family Paraceratheriidae contains the largest land mammals known to have ever existed.[1]

Taxonomy

The cladogram below follows a phylogenetic analysis by Bai et al. (2020):[2]

Rhinocerotoidea

Indolophus

Breviodon

Fouchia

Minchenoletes

Triplopus cubitalus

Yimengia

Rhinocerotoidea

Hyrachyus

Uintaceras

Teletaceras

Selenaletes

Triplopus? youjingensis

Hyracodontidae

Ephyrachyus

Prohyracodon

Ardynia

Hyracodon

Epitriplopus

Triplopides

Forstercooperiidae
(sensu stricto)
(sensu lato)

References

  1. ^ Deng, T.; Lu, X.; Wang, S.; Flynn, L. J.; Sun, D.; He, W.; Chen, S. (2021). "An Oligocene giant rhino provides insights into Paraceratherium evolution". Communications Biology. 4 (1): 639. doi:10.1038/s42003-021-02170-6. PMC 8211792. PMID 34140631.
  2. ^ Bai, B.; Meng, J.; Zhang, C.; Gong, Y.-X.; Wang, Y.-Q. (2020). "The origin of Rhinocerotoidea and phylogeny of Ceratomorpha (Mammalia, Perissodactyla)". Communications Biology. 3 (1): 509. doi:10.1038/s42003-020-01205-8. PMC 7490376. PMID 32929169.
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Rhinocerotoidea
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