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Red Deer, Alberta

Red Deer
City
City of Red Deer
Coat of arms of Red Deer
Official logo of Red Deer
Motto(s): 
Education, Industry and Progress
City boundaries
City boundaries
Red Deer is located in Alberta
Red Deer
Red Deer
Location in Alberta
Red Deer is located in Canada
Red Deer
Red Deer
Location in Canada
Red Deer is located in Red Deer County
Red Deer
Red Deer
Location in Red Deer County
Coordinates: 52°16′05″N 113°48′40″W / 52.26806°N 113.81111°W / 52.26806; -113.81111
CountryCanada
ProvinceAlberta
Planning regionRed Deer
Municipal districtRed Deer County
Founded1882
Incorporated[1] 
 • VillageMay 31, 1894
 • TownJune 12, 1901
 • CityMarch 25, 1913
Named forRed Deer River
Government
 • MayorKen Johnston
 • Governing body
  • Kraymer Barnstable
  • Bruce Buruma
  • Michael Dawe
  • Victor Doerksen
  • Vesna Higham
  • Cindy Jeffries
  • Lawrence Lee
  • Dianne Wyntjes
 • City ManagerTara Lodewyk
 • MPsEarl Dreeshen (CPC),
Blaine Calkins (CPC)
 • MLAsJason Stephan (UCP),
Adriana LaGrange (UCP)
Area
 (2021)[3]
 • Land104.34 km2 (40.29 sq mi)
 • Urban
65.93 km2 (25.46 sq mi)
 • Metro
104.34 km2 (40.29 sq mi)
Elevation855 m (2,805 ft)
Population
 (2021)[7][8]
 • City100,844
 • Density966.5/km2 (2,503/sq mi)
 • Urban
99,846
 • Urban density1,514.4/km2 (3,922/sq mi)
 • Metro
100,844
 • Metro density966.5/km2 (2,503/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2019)
101,002[5]
 • Estimate (2020)
106,736[6]
DemonymRed Deerian[9]
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Forward sortation areas
Area code(s)403, 587, 825, 368
Highways2, 2A, 11, 11A, 595
WaterwaysRed Deer River, Waskasoo Creek, Piper Creek
Websitereddeer.ca

Red Deer is a city in Alberta, Canada, located midway on the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. Red Deer serves central Alberta,[10] and its key industries include health care, retail trade, construction, oil and gas, hospitality, manufacturing and education.[11] It is surrounded by Red Deer County and borders on Lacombe County. The city is in aspen parkland, a region of rolling hills, alongside the Red Deer River.

History

The area was inhabited by First Nations including the Blackfoot, Plains Cree and Stoney before the arrival of European fur traders in the late eighteenth century.[12] A First Nations trail ran from the Montana Territory across the Bow River near present-day Calgary and on to Fort Edmonton, later known as the Calgary and Edmonton Trail. The trail crossed the Red Deer River at a wide, stony shallows. The "Old Red Deer Crossing" is 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) upstream from the present-day city.

Cree people called the river Waskasoo Seepee, which means "Elk River." European arrivals sometimes called North American elk "red deer," after the related Eurasian species, and later named the community after the river. The name for the modern city in Plains Cree is a calque of the English name (mihkwâpisimosos, literally "red type of deer"), while the name of the river itself is still wâwâskêsiw-sîpiy or "elk river."

Elk deer in Jasper National Park near Maligne Canyon.
Elk deer in Jasper National Park near Maligne Canyon.

First Nations on the north side of the river entered into Treaty 6 in 1876 and on the south side Treaty 7 in 1877. Farmers and ranchers began to settle on the fertile lands.

A trading post and stopping house were built at the Crossing in 1882. This became Fort Normandeau during the 1885 North-West Rebellion.

Leonard Gaetz

Leonard Gaetz gave a half-share of 1,240 acres (5.0 km2) he had acquired to the Calgary and Edmonton Railway to develop a bridge over the river and a townsite. As a result, the Crossing was gradually abandoned. The first trains arrived in 1891.

1900 to 1929

Following World War I, Red Deer emerged as a small, quiet, but prosperous, prairie city.

Bird watcher Elsie Cassels helped to establish the Gaetz Lakes bird sanctuary.[13]

1930 to 1945

During Great Depression of the 1930s, Central Alberta was not hit by severe drought. The city was virtually debt-free and profited from its ownership of the local public utilities.

In World War II, a large army training camp was located where Cormack Armoury, the Memorial Centre and Lindsay Thurber High School are now. Two training airfields were built south of the city at Penhold and Bowden.

Post–Second World War

Red Deer expanded rapidly following the discovery of major oil reserves in Alberta in the late 1940s. Red Deer became a centre for oil and gas and related industries, such as the Joffre Cogeneration Plant.

North Red Deer was amalgamated in 1948.

Government and administrative services include a hospital, a courthouse and a provincial building.[14][15][16]

The railway moved to the outskirts and passenger train service ceased. The CPR bridge is now a walking trail.

Red Deer is Alberta's third largest city, with a slightly higher population than Lethbridge.

Geography

Climate

Red Deer has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with something of a semi-arid influence due to the city's location within Palliser's Triangle. The highest temperature ever recorded in Red Deer was 37.2 °C (99 °F) on 8 July 1906,[17] 2 July 1924,[18] and 28 & 29 June 1937.[19] The lowest recorded temperature was −50.6 °C (−59 °F) on 17 December 1924.[20] The city lies in the 4a plant hardiness zone.[21] Summers are typically warm and rainy with cool nights. Winters are typically long, cold, and very dry.

Climate data for Red Deer (Red Deer Regional Airport)
WMO ID: 71878; coordinates 52°10′43″N 113°53′35″W / 52.17861°N 113.89306°W / 52.17861; -113.89306 (Empress); elevation: 904.6 m (2,968 ft); 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1904−present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 10.5 17.3 24.8 28.2 37.0 35.0 38.5 37.1 34.2 27.8 21.7 14.8 38.5
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
18.0
(64.4)
24.8
(76.6)
32.8
(91.0)
33.3
(91.9)
37.2
(99.0)
37.2
(99.0)
36.1
(97.0)
35.0
(95.0)
29.4
(84.9)
22.8
(73.0)
16.5
(61.7)
37.2
(99.0)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.9
(37.2)
11.3
(52.3)
16.8
(62.2)
20.5
(68.9)
23.1
(73.6)
22.5
(72.5)
17.3
(63.1)
11.2
(52.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.2
(26.2)
9.8
(49.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.2
(13.6)
−7.7
(18.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
4.8
(40.6)
10.3
(50.5)
14.5
(58.1)
16.8
(62.2)
15.9
(60.6)
10.8
(51.4)
5.0
(41.0)
−3.8
(25.2)
−8.5
(16.7)
3.7
(38.7)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −16
(3)
−13.7
(7.3)
−8.7
(16.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
3.7
(38.7)
8.4
(47.1)
10.5
(50.9)
9.2
(48.6)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
−8.8
(16.2)
−13.8
(7.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
Record low °C (°F) −46.7
(−52.1)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−40.6
(−41.1)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−12.8
(9.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−12.8
(9.0)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−50.6
(−59.1)
−50.6
(−59.1)
Record low wind chill −60 −54 −50 −39 −21 −7 0.0 −5 −14 −38 −49 −57 −60
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.2
(0.87)
13.1
(0.52)
21.2
(0.83)
21.5
(0.85)
55.8
(2.20)
89.3
(3.52)
96.6
(3.80)
63.1
(2.48)
51.1
(2.01)
20.7
(0.81)
17.7
(0.70)
14.1
(0.56)
486.3
(19.15)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.1
(0.00)
0.2
(0.01)
0.8
(0.03)
12.9
(0.51)
51.9
(2.04)
89.3
(3.52)
96.6
(3.80)
63.1
(2.48)
48.7
(1.92)
14.6
(0.57)
1.8
(0.07)
0.4
(0.02)
380.4
(14.98)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 22.1
(8.7)
12.9
(5.1)
20.4
(8.0)
8.5
(3.3)
3.9
(1.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.4
(0.9)
6.1
(2.4)
15.8
(6.2)
13.7
(5.4)
105.9
(41.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.9 5.7 6.4 5.8 11.1 15.4 14.2 13.0 11.1 6.6 6.7 6.0 110.0
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.08 0.15 0.54 4.0 10.6 15.4 14.2 13.0 10.9 4.9 0.96 0.19 74.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.9 5.5 6.0 2.4 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.38 2.1 6.0 5.9 37.1
Average relative humidity (%) (at 1500 LST) 65.5 62.8 58.6 43.7 43.2 50.1 51.5 49.9 48 48.6 63.1 65.5 54.2
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada[22][17][18][20][19][23]

Neighbourhoods

Red Deer includes the following neighbourhoods:[24]

  • Anders Park
  • Anders Park East
  • Anders South
  • Aspen Ridge
  • Bower
  • Bower Ponds Recreation Area
  • Central Park
  • Chiles Industrial Park
  • Clearview Extension
  • Clearview Meadows
  • Clearview Ridge
  • College Park
  • Davenport
  • Deer Park Estates
  • Deer Park Village
  • Devonshire
  • Downtown
  • East Burnt Lake
  • Eastview
  • Eastview Estates
  • Edgar Industrial Park
  • Evergreen
  • Fairview
  • Gaetz Lakes Sanctuary
  • Garden Heights
  • Glendale
  • Glendale Park Estates
  • Golden West
  • Grandview
  • Heritage Ranch
  • Highland Green
  • Highland Green Estates
  • Inglewood
  • Ironstone
  • Johnstone Crossing
  • Johnstone Park
  • Kentwood East
  • Kentwood West
  • Kingsgate
  • Lancaster Green
  • Lancaster Meadows
  • Laredo
  • Lonsdale
  • Maskepetoon Park
  • McKenzie Trail Recreation Area
  • Michener Hill
  • Morrisroe
  • Morrisroe Extension
  • Mountview
  • Normandeau
  • Northlands Industrial Park
  • Oriole Park
  • Oriole Park West
  • Parkvale
  • Pines
  • Queens Business Park
  • Red Deer College
  • Red Deer Golf and Country Club
  • Riverlands
  • Riverside Heavy Industrial Park
  • Riverside Light Industrial Park
  • Riverside Meadows
  • Rosedale Estates
  • Rosedale Meadows
  • South Hill
  • Southbrook
  • Southpointe Junction
  • Sunnybrook
  • Sunnybrook Extension
  • Three Mile Bend Recreation Area
  • Timber Ridge
  • Timberlands
  • Timberstone
  • Vanier Woods
  • Vanier Woods East
  • Waskasoo
  • Waste Management Facility
  • West Burnt Lake
  • West Park
  • West QE2
  • Westerner Park
  • Westlake
  • Woodlea

Demographics

Federal census
population history
YearPop.±%
1901323—    
19061,418+339.0%
19112,118+49.4%
19162,203+4.0%
19212,328+5.7%
19262,021−13.2%
19312,344+16.0%
19362,384+1.7%
19412,924+22.7%
19464,042+38.2%
19517,575+87.4%
195612,338+62.9%
196119,612+59.0%
196626,171+33.4%
197127,674+5.7%
197632,184+16.3%
198146,393+44.1%
198654,425+17.3%
199158,145+6.8%
199660,075+3.3%
200167,707+12.7%
200682,772+22.3%
201190,564+9.4%
2016100,418+10.9%
2021100,844+0.4%
Source: Statistics Canada
[25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35]
[36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Red Deer had a population of 100,844 living in 40,512 of its 43,404 total private dwellings, a change of 0.4% from its 2016 population of 100,418. With a land area of 104.34 km2 (40.29 sq mi), it had a population density of 966.5/km2 (2,503.2/sq mi) in 2021.[3]

The Red Deer census agglomeration (CA) was promoted to a census metropolitan area (CMA) in the 2021 Census, becoming the fourth CMA in Alberta (joining Calgary, Edmonton and Lethbridge).[48] As of 2021, the Red Deer CMA is coincident with the City of Red Deer, thus it similarly had a population of 100,844 living in 40,512 of its 43,404 total private dwellings, a change of 0.4% from its 2016 population (when the CA was also coincident with the city) of 100,418. With a land area of 104.34 km2 (40.29 sq mi), it had a population density of 966.5/km2 (2,503.2/sq mi) in 2021.[8]

The population of the City of Red Deer according to its 2019 municipal census is 101,002,[5] a change of 1.2% from its 2016 municipal census population of 99,832.[49]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Red Deer (and coincident Red Deer CA) had a population of 100,418 living in 39,982 of its 42,285 total private dwellings, a change of 10.9% from its 2011 population of 90,564. With a land area of 104.73 km2 (40.44 sq mi), it had a population density of 958.8/km2 (2,483.4/sq mi) in 2016.[47]

Ethnicity

According to the 2016 census, 15.2% of the general population identified as visible minority (non-aboriginal), an increase of 55.9% over the previous five years.[50] A separate 7.1% reported North American Aboriginal Origins (4.2% First Nations and 3.1% Métis).[51]

Panethnic groups in the City of Red Deer (2001−2021)
Panethnic
group
2021[52] 2016[53] 2011[54] 2006[55] 2001[56]
Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. %
European[a] 73,060 74.52% 78,065 79.27% 75,510 85.1% 71,955 88.43% 60,345 90.66%
Southeast Asian[b] 8,970 9.15% 6,890 7% 2,935 3.31% 1,590 1.95% 1,245 1.87%
Indigenous 6,465 6.59% 5,185 5.27% 4,590 5.17% 3,600 4.42% 2,675 4.02%
East Asian[c] 1,645 1.68% 1,800 1.83% 1,475 1.66% 1,090 1.34% 715 1.07%
South Asian 2,220 2.26% 1,665 1.69% 1,090 1.23% 630 0.77% 480 0.72%
Middle Eastern[d] 1,130 1.15% 915 0.93% 485 0.55% 210 0.26% 270 0.41%
Latin American 1,725 1.76% 1,765 1.79% 1,185 1.34% 1,410 1.73% 480 0.72%
African 1,940 1.98% 1,735 1.76% 990 1.12% 680 0.84% 280 0.42%
Other[e] 895 0.91% 455 0.46% 485 0.55% 195 0.24% 80 0.12%
Total responses 98,045 97.22% 98,480 98.07% 88,735 97.98% 81,370 98.31% 66,565 98.31%
Total population 100,844 100% 100,418 100% 90,564 100% 82,772 100% 67,707 100%
  • Note: Totals greater than 100% due to multiple origin responses.

Arts and culture

Red Deer hosts many arts and cultural groups, including: Central Alberta Theatre, Ignition Theatre, Red Deer Players Society, Bull Skit Comedy troupe, Central Music Festival, the Red Deer Symphony Orchestra, the Red Deer Museum + Art Gallery, the Red Deer Royals and other performing arts and fine arts organizations. The Red Deer Arts Council[57] is a member-based Multi-disciplinary Arts Service Organization and registered charity that serves the local and area community of visual, literary and performing artists.

Attractions

Alberta Sports Hall of Fame
The Alberta Sports Hall of Fame is adjacent to the Queen Elizabeth II Highway (Highway 2) and the Greater Red Deer Visitor Centre.
Canyon Ski Area
The Canyon Ski Resort is 7.5 km (4.7 mi) east of Red Deer.
Peavey Mart Centrium
The Centrium hosts sports events, concerts, trade shows and conventions. It is the home of the WHL’s Red Deer Rebels.
Collicutt Centre
The Collicutt Centre is a 23,000 m2 (250,000 sq ft) recreation centre that includes a leisure pool, water park, climbing and bouldering walls, field house, ice arena, gymnastics, meeting and dance rooms, a walking / running track, and carpet turf facilities. It also has child care facilities and several small businesses.[58]
G.H. Dawe Community Centre
The 12,000 m2 (130,000 sq ft) G.H. Dawe Community Centre is shared by G.H. Dawe Community School, the G.H. Dawe Branch of the Red Deer Public Library, G.H. Dawe Centre Recreation Facility and St. Patrick's School.[59]
Greater Red Deer Visitor Centre
The Greater Red Deer Visitor Centre is adjacent to the Queen Elizabeth II Highway (Highway 2) and the Alberta Sports Hall of Fame.[60]
Recreation Centre
The Recreation Centre, located downtown, has indoor and outdoor pools, steam rooms and hot tubs among other features.[61]
Red Deer Museum + Art Gallery
The Red Deer Museum has a permanent exhibit detailing the history of the region, and temporary exhibits that change every few months. It is also the venue of multiple educational programs for both adults and children.[62]
Waskasoo Park
Waskasoo Park meanders through Red Deer from its outskirts in the southwest, through the heart of the city, to its outskirts in the northeast along the Red Deer River. It includes over 80 kilometres (50 miles) of multi-use trails for biking, rollerblading, horseback riding, snowshoeing, cross-country skiing and walking. The park is one of the reasons Red Deer is known as "Park City."[63]
Westerner Exposition Grounds
The Westerner Exposition Grounds hosts events such as Agricon and Westerner Days. Held in early July, Westerner Days includes a rodeo, pony chuck-wagon racing, a fair, exhibitions and other events.[64]

Sports

The Red Deer Rebels of the Western Hockey League play at the Peavey Mart Centrium. Red Deer hosted the 2022 Hlinka Gretzky Cup and co-hosted the 2018 Hlinka Gretzky Cup.[65] The Rebels hosted the 2016 Memorial Cup. In 2018, Red Deer replaced Edmonton as host of the Canadian Finals Rodeo.[66]

Red Deer hosted the 2019 Canada Winter Games, leaving the Gary W. Harris Canada Games Centre[67] at Red Deer Polytechnic and the Downtown Servus Arena as legacy facilities.

The city is the hometown to numerous Olympic and NHL athletes. Hockey Night in Canada personality Ron MacLean calls Red Deer home.

Infrastructure

Transportation

The Queen Elizabeth II Highway links the North-South Calgary-Edmonton Corridor, including Wetaskiwin and Camrose, with Red Deer.

The David Thompson Highway links Rocky Mountain House in the West Country with Stettler in East-Central Alberta.

Red Deer Regional Airport, in Penhold, serves mostly general aviation and is expanding to encourage passenger service.[68][69]

Red Deer Transit provides local bus service throughout the city.

Health care

The Red Deer Regional Hospital is undergoing a significant expansion.

Water

Red Deer receives its drinking water supply from the Red Deer River which is treated and distributed throughout the city.[70] One distinct feature of the water distribution system is the Horton Water Spheroid which, at the time of its construction in 1957, was the world's largest spheroid shaped reservoir.[71]

Water from the Red Deer water treatment plant is distributed to neighbouring communities including Red Deer County, Lacombe, Blackfalds and Ponoka as managed by the North Red Deer Regional Water Services Commission.[72] [73]

Education

Post-secondary

Red Deer Polytechnic (RDP), formerly Red Deer College, was founded in 1964 as Red Deer Junior College. RDP offers certificates, diplomas, advanced certificates, applied degrees, bachelor's degrees, academic upgrading and apprenticeship in over 75 different career and academic programs, including the creative and liberal arts, engineering, and trades.

Secondary

Three school authorities operate in Red Deer.

Founded in 1887, the Red Deer Public School District[74] serves 10,000 students in thirty schools. Offering a wide range of programming, including French Immersion from K-12, the district not only meets the needs of children and youth from the City of Red Deer and welcomes international students from around the world. Lindsay Thurber Comprehensive High School and Hunting Hills High School provide a large number of program options for students of high school age.

Founded in 1909, when the Daughters of Wisdom, a religious order from France, accepted the challenge of the Tinchebray Fathers, also from France, to offer Catholic schooling in Red Deer, Red Deer Catholic Regional Schools (RDCRS)[75] welcomes almost 7,000 students in five Central Alberta communities, including Red Deer. They operate École Secondaire Notre Dame High School and St. Joseph's High School.

Greater North Central Francophone Education Region No. 2's school École La Prairie is a French school near downtown Red Deer that offers pre-kindergarten through grade 9 programs. It offers all courses in French to a population of 119 students[76] whose first language is French.

Public schools
Elementary
  • Annie L. Gaetz Elementary (K–5)
  • Aspen Heights Elementary (K–5)
  • Barrie Wilson Elementary School (K–5)
  • Don Campbell Elementary (K-5)
  • Fairview Elementary (K–5)
  • G.W. Smith Elementary (K–5)
  • Gateway Christian School (K–5)
  • G.H. Dawe Community School (K–8)
  • Glendale School (PreK–8)
  • Grandview Elementary (K–5)
  • Joseph Welsh Elementary (K–5)
  • Mattie McCullough Elementary (K–5)
  • Mountview Elementary (K–5)
  • Normandeau School (K–8)
  • Oriole Park Elementary (K–5)
  • Pines School (K–5)
  • West Park Elementary (K–5)
Middle school
  • Central Middle School (6–8)
  • Eastview Middle School (6–8)
  • G.H. Dawe Community School (K–8)
  • Gateway Christian School (6–8)
  • Glendale School (PreK–8)
  • Normandeau School (K–8)
  • West Park Middle School (6–8)
Secondary/high school
  • École Secondaire Lindsay Thurber Comprehensive High School (9–12)
  • Gateway Christian School (9–12)
  • Hunting Hills High School (9–12)
  • North Cottage High School (10–12)
Catholic schools
Elementary
  • École Camille J. Lerouge School (K–9)
  • École Mother Teresa School (K–5)
  • École Our Lady of the Rosary School (PreK–2)
  • Father Henri Voisin School (K–5)
  • Holy Family School (K–5)
  • Maryview School (PreK–5)
  • St. Elizabeth Seton School (K–5)
  • St. Marguerite Bourgeoys School (PreK–5)
  • St. Martin de Porres School (K–5)
  • St. Patrick's Community School (K–9)
  • St. Teresa of Avila School (PreK-5)
Middle school
  • École Camille J. Lerouge School (K–9)
  • St. Francis of Assisi Middle School (6–9)
  • St Lorenzo Ruiz Middle School (6-9)
  • St. Patrick's Community School (K–9)
  • St. Thomas Aquinas Middle School (6–9)
Secondary/high school
  • École Secondaire Notre Dame High School (10–12)
  • St. Joseph's High School (10-12)
Private schools
  • Destiny Christian School Society (ECS, K–9)
  • Koinonia Christian School – Red Deer (ECS, K–12)
  • Parkland School Special Education (1–12)
  • South Side Christian School (ECS, K–12)

Media

The local news outlets are the Red Deer Advocate and rdnewsNOW. The City of Red Deer also releases regular updates.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Statistic includes all persons that did not make up part of a visible minority or an indigenous identity.
  2. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Filipino" and "Southeast Asian" under visible minority section on census.
  3. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Chinese", "Korean", and "Japanese" under visible minority section on census.
  4. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "West Asian" and "Arab" under visible minority section on census.
  5. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Visible minority, n.i.e." and "Multiple visible minorities" under visible minority section on census.

References

  1. ^ "Location and History Profile: City of Red Deer" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. June 17, 2016. p. 99. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  2. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 9, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities)". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  4. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Red Deer is home to 101,002 residents". City of Red Deer. June 24, 2019. Archived from the original on December 30, 2021. Retrieved July 1, 2021.
  6. ^ "Census Subdivision (Municipal) Population Estimates, July 1, 2016 to 2020, Alberta". Alberta Municipal Affairs. March 23, 2021. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
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  9. ^ "Red Deerian Comes Out on Top". City of Red Deer. 2009-07-08. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  10. ^ "Red Deer boasts an immediate trade area of over 312,700 people...""Why Red Deer," City of Red Deer. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  11. ^ City of Red Deer, "Key Industries," Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  12. ^ "History of Red Deer". City of Red Deer. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
  13. ^ Fish, fur & feathers : fish and wildlife conservation in Alberta 1905-2005. Federation of Alberta Naturalists., Fish and Wildlife Historical Society. Edmonton: Fish and Wildlife Historical Society. 2005. ISBN 0-9696134-7-4. OCLC 62181407.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  14. ^ "Red Deer Regional Hospital Expansion". Government of Alberta. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  15. ^ "Red Deer Justice Centre". Government of Alberta. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  16. ^ "Maintenance Upgrades Continue at Red Deer Provincial Government Building," Red Deer News Now, May 5, 2020, Accessed May 7, 2022.
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  27. ^ "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Vol. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. pp. 77–140.
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  30. ^ "Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. pp. 98–102.
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  49. ^ 2016 Municipal Affairs Population List (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-3127-5. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  50. ^ Red Deer - % visible minority, Government of Alberta, May 7, 2022
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  57. ^ Hermary, Suzanne. "Coordinator". Red Deer Arts Council. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  58. ^ "Collicutt Centre - The City of Red Deer". www.reddeer.ca. Retrieved 2023-10-16.
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  61. ^ "Red Deer Recreation Centre - Indoor Fun | Visit Red Deer". visitreddeer.com. Retrieved 2023-10-16.
  62. ^ "Red Deer Museum and Art Gallery". Red Deer Museum + Art Gallery. Retrieved 2023-10-16.
  63. ^ "Waskasoo | Kerry Wood Nature Center | Fort Normandeau". www.waskasoopark.ca. Retrieved 2023-10-16.
  64. ^ "Westerner Park".
  65. ^ Red Deer also co-hosted the COVID-interrupted 2022 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships, later completed in Edmonton, and the 1995 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships.
  66. ^ "It's official: Red Deer will host the CFR for 10 years". CBC News. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  67. ^ Gary W. Harris Canada Games Centre, Red Deer Polytechnic, May 7, 2022
  68. ^ CBC, Bryan Labby, "Alberta's smaller airports look to take off with expanded passenger service," November 12, 2019, Accessed May 7, 2022.
  69. ^ Red Deer Advocate, "Red Deer County tweaking budget to meet $3.75 million airport commitment," April 4, 2022, Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  70. ^ The City of Red Deer. "Water Quality". Water Quality. City of Red Deer. Archived from the original on 2015-09-17. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  71. ^ Mountview Heritage Sites Gallery. "Horton Water Spheroid". Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  72. ^ City of Red Deer. "Water Conservation". Archived from the original on 2015-09-17. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  73. ^ The City of Red Deer. "Wastewater". Treating Your Wastewater. Archived from the original on 2015-05-12. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  74. ^ Red Deer Public School District
  75. ^ "Red Deer Catholic Regional Division". Archived from the original on 2012-06-18. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
  76. ^ "Student Population by Grade, School, and Authority, 2011, p. 31" (PDF). Alberta Education. Retrieved 2011-04-01.

Further reading

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Red Deer, Alberta
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