For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Randamoozham.


The cover for the 30th edition
AuthorM. T. Vasudevan Nair
Original titleരണ്ടാമൂഴം
IllustratorNamboothiri (First edition)
Cover artistVinaylal (First edition)
GenreMythology, drama, historical fiction
Set inAncient India
PublisherCurrent Books
Publication date
December 1984
Publication placeIndia
Media typePrint (Paperback)
AwardsVayalar Award, Muttathu Varkey Award

Randamoozham (English: The Second Turn) is a 1984 Indian Malayalam-language mythological drama novel written by the Indian author M. T. Vasudevan Nair, widely credited as his masterpiece.[2] The work won the Vayalar Award, given for the best literary work in Malayalam, in 1985.[3] It also won the Muttathu Varkey Award in 1994. The novel has been translated into multiple languages. It was translated into English as Second Turn by P. K. Ravindranath in 1997. Another English translation by Gita Krishnankutty published in 2013 is titled Bhima: Lone Warrior.[4][5]

The novel is a retelling of the Indian epic Mahabharata from the perspective of Bhima, the second Pandava. The story deviates from the traditional Mahabharata story as it avoids the divine elements of the ancient epic and re-represent the characters and events realistically. One of the reasons critics cite for the novel's cult following is its revisionism, that was a first in Malayalam literature. The book was translated into Tamil by Kurunjivelan as "Irandaam Idam" with the cover illustration by Trotsky Marudu.

A film adaptation starring Mohanlal was to be made and set to become India's most expensive film production of 1,000 crore (US$120 million) and the most expensive non-English-language film.[6] But the project has since been shelved.[citation needed]



The plot begins with the incident of Mahaprasthanika Parva where the Pandavas leave for the pilgrimage to Himalayas, forsaking all worldly possessions. The story runs through the eyes of Bhima who faces seemingly severe frustrations as a young man. Always destined to be second to his weak elder brother, Yudhishthira, in seniority and younger brother, Arjuna, in fame and popularity, Bhima is not given his due as the main architect of the Pandava victory over their cousins, Kauravas, in the Kurukshetra war, despite killing all the 100 Kauravas. The book unravels all the hardships and dilemmas encountered by Bhima which remain unnoticed. It explores the emotions of the mighty Pandava as a son, brother, husband, and father. The story brings to light his affection for his wife, Draupadi, and how unnoticed his acts of love remain. The narrative questions the mourning of Arjuna's son, Abhimanyu, when he is killed during the battle while trying to break the Chakravyuh formation, while Bhima's son, Ghatokkach, is led to his death by sacrificing his life to save Arjuna's life. Ghatokkach's sacrifice too remains unsung and everyone finds happiness in saving Arjuna. Towards the end, Bhima is shown as the only husband who stops and tries to stay with Draupadi in her last moments during their pilgrimage.

Film adaptation


In 2011, director Hariharan announced his plan to adapt Randamoozham to screen, scripted by M. T. Vasudevan Nair himself with Mohanlal cast to play Bhima.[7] Later, V. A. Shrikumar Menon took the project again with Mohanlal in the lead. It was announced in April 2017 that the film adaptation will be produced by B. R. Shetty.[8][9] With its 1,000 crore (US$120 million) budget, the film is expected to be the most expensive film in Indian cinema, and one of the most expensive non-English language film. The film was to be shot in two parts.[10][11][12] Plans for the movie has since been shelved after M. T. Vasudevan Nair was upset with the pace at which the film was progressing and demanded Srikumar Menon to return the script.[13][14]


  1. ^ M. T. Vasudevan Nair (6 August 2012). "Randamoozham". DC Books. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  2. ^ M. T. Vasudevan Nair (August 2016). "Randamoozham". Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Jnanpith Awards". Department of Information and Public Relations. Archived from the original on 24 May 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  4. ^ Kunhikrishnan, K. (24 November 1997). "Bhima, The Wronged". Outlook India. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  5. ^ Srilata, K. (4 January 2014). "An exercise in guilt". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  6. ^ Suri, Manveena (19 April 2017). "'Randamoozham': India to produce its most expensive film ever". CNN Entertainment. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Bheema's outing - The Hindu". The Hindu.
  8. ^ Suresh, Mera (20 April 2017). "Mohanlal's Mahabharatha to be most expensive Indian movie at Rs 1,000 crore". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on April 18, 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  9. ^ Somani, Deepa (27 January 2017). "Randamoozham's pre-production works begin". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  10. ^ Suri, Manveena (19 April 2017). "'Randamoozham': India to produce its most expensive film ever". CNN Entertainment. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  11. ^ Mumford, Gwilum (19 April 2017). "Mahabharata epic set to become India's most expensive movie ever". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Karnataka billionaire to bring Malayalam Mahabharata on screen at Rs 1000 cr". Asia News Network. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  13. ^ "Mohanlal's Rs 1000 crore film Randamoozham shelved". The Indian Express. 2019-04-03. Retrieved 2020-02-07.
  14. ^ "'Randamoozham' case: Verdict on March 15". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 2020-02-07.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?