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Ramyah

Ramyah
رامية
Village
Map showing the location of Yater within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Yater within Lebanon
Ramyah
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°06′39″N 35°18′38″E / 33.11083°N 35.31056°E / 33.11083; 35.31056
Grid position179/279 PAL
Country Lebanon
GovernorateNabatieh Governorate
DistrictBint Jbeil District
Elevation
580 m (1,900 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Ramyah (Arabic: رامية) is a village in the Bint Jbeil District in southern Lebanon.

Name

According to E. H. Palmer in 1881, Ramia comes from a personal name.[1]

History

In the 1596 tax records, it was named as a village, Ramiya, in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 49 households and 4 bachelors, all Muslim. The villagers paid a fixed tax-rate of 25% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, olive trees, fruit trees, goats and beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues" and a press for olive oil or grape syrup; a total of 3,966 akçe.[2][3]

In 1852, Edward Robinson noted here: "We came upon an ancient sarcophagus at the foot of the hill, and saw others on the way up. On the top near the village are two very large ones. One of the lids measured 7 1/2 feet long by 2 feet broad, with nearly the same thickness. In a field below our tent, about midway of the hill-side, were others of an unusual character. In a large isolated rock were excavated no less than three sarcophagi, side by side ; and then the exterior of the rock was hewn away, and the corners rounded oft. Around each sarcophagus a ledge was left for a corresponding groove in the lid. The whole is a striking monument of antiquity."[4]

In 1875, Victor Guérin found here a great sarcophagus cut in an enormous block, the lower part not yet detached from the rock, containing three receptacles for bodies. The lids were missing. Here are also several rock-cut tombs, one of which, examined by Guérin, was found to contain three loculi.[5]

In 1881, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: "A small stone village, containing about 150 Moslems, situated on a hill-top in the valley, with a few figs, olives, and arable land; the valley to the west turns into a swamp in winter, owing to having no drainage; there are cisterns and a large birket for water supply."[6] They further noted "Several large sarcophagi round this village, and one olive-press."[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 92
  2. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 182
  3. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 Archived 2016-10-10 at the Wayback Machine writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  4. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1856, p. 64
  5. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 125, 458
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 202
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 255

Bibliography

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Ramyah
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