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Qvarqvare IV Jaqeli

Qvarqvare IV Jaqeli
Portrait of Qvarqvare from the book written by Salomon Schweigger
Atabeg of Samtskhe
Reign1573–1581
PredecessorKaikhosro II
SuccessorManuchar II
RegentDedisimedi
Born1554
Died1581
DynastyJaqeli
FatherKaikhosro II Jaqeli
MotherDedisimedi
ReligionOrthodox Christianity

Qvarqvare IV Jaqeli (Georgian: ყვარყვარე IV ჯაყელი) (1554 – 1581) was a Georgian Prince and Atabeg of Samtskhe-Saatabago, ruling nominally in 1573–1581. He was member of the Jaqeli family and the son of Kaikhosro II Jaqeli.[1] During his nominal reign Meskhetian lords revolted several times against Jaqelian rule. Uprisings were suppressed by Ottomans. In 1578 Ottomans started new war against Safavid Persia for the hole territory of Caucasus. Lala Mustafa Pasha invaded Georgia. Qvarqvare IV obeyed him. Pasha had decided to send Qvarqvare and his younger brother Manuchar to Constantinople for recognizing Ottoman absolute rule in Samtskhe. Qvarqvare left the government to his mother, Dedisimedi and went to the capital of the Ottoman Empire. In 1579 by the order of Sultan Murad III Ottomans divided Samtskhe-Saatabago into eight Sanjaks and established Childir Eyalet on the lands of Meskheti. Qvarqvare IV was appointed as Christian ruler of Childir Eyalet, but his brother Manuchar converted to Islam under the name of Mustafa and became the Ottoman Pasha. Qvarqvare died childless in 1581 and was succeeded by his Muslim brother Manuchar II.

References

  1. ^ Georgian Soviet encyclopedia, volume 10, page 638, Tbilisi, 1986

Sources

  • Mikaberidze, Alexander (2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia (2 ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1442241466.
  • Rayfield, Donald (2013). Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia. Reaktion Books. ISBN 978-1780230702.
Qvarqvare IV Jaqeli Jaqeli Preceded byKaikosro II Prince of Meskheti 1573-1581 Succeeded byManuchar II
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Qvarqvare IV Jaqeli
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