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Provisional Government of the Second Spanish Republic

The Provisional Government of the Second Spanish Republic (Spanish: Gobierno Provisional de la Segunda República Española) was the government that held political power in Spain from the fall of Alfonso XIII of Spain on April 14, 1931 and the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic until the approval of the Spanish Constitution of 1931 on December 9 and the formation of the first regular government on December 15. The King's departure created the need for a provisional government, whose first president was Niceto Alcalá Zamora, who presided until 1936, when Manuel Azaña took over. The new constitution established freedom of speech, freedom of association, extended voting privileges to women, allowed divorce, and stripped the Spanish nobility of their special legal status.[1]

Cabinet of Alcalá Zamora

Image Portfolio Name Political Party
President of the Provisional Government Niceto Alcalá-Zamora y Torres Liberal Republican Right
Minister of State[2] Alejandro Lerroux García Radical Republican Party
Minister of Justice[3] Fernando de los Ríos Urruti Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Minister of War[4] Manuel Azaña Díaz Republican Action Group
Minister of the Navy[5] Santiago Casares Quiroga Autonomous Galician Republican Organization
Minister of Finance[6] Indalecio Prieto Tuero Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Minister of the Governance[7] Miguel Maura Gamazo Liberal Republican Right
Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts[8] Marcelino Domingo Sanjuán Radical Socialist Republican Party
Minister of Development[9] Álvaro de Albornoz Liminiana Radical Socialist Republican Party
Minister of Labour[10] Francisco Largo Caballero Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Minister of National Economy[11] Luis Nicolau d'Olwer Republican Catalan Action
Minister of Communications[12] Diego Martínez Barrio Radical Republican Party

Cabinet of Azaña

In October 1931, the prime minister Niceto Alcalá-Zamora and the minister of the Governance, Miguel Maura, left the government. Alcalá-Zamora was replaced by the minister of War and Maura was replaced by the minister of the Navy, Santiago Casares Quiroga. To replace Casares as minister of the Navy, Azaña appointed José Giral Pereira.

Image Portfolio Name Political Party
President of the Council of Ministers
Minister of War
Manuel Azaña Díaz Republican Action
Minister of State Alejandro Lerroux García Radical Republican Party
Minister of Justice Fernando de los Ríos Urruti Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Minister of the Navy José Giral Pereira Republican Action
Minister of Finance Indalecio Prieto Tuero Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Minister of the Governance[13] Santiago Casares Quiroga Autonomous Galician Republican Organization
Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts Marcelino Domingo Sanjuán Radical Socialist Republican Party
Minister of Development Álvaro de Albornoz Liminiana Radical Socialist Republican Party
Minister of Labour Francisco Largo Caballero Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Minister of National Economy Luis Nicolau d'Olwer Republican Catalan Action
Minister of Communications Diego Martínez Barrio Radical Republican Party

References

  1. ^ "The Second Spanish Republic". Don Quijote.com. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  2. ^ "Decree appointing Alejandro Lerroux y García as minister of State" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 15 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  3. ^ "Decree appointing Fernando de los Ríos Urruti as minister of Justice" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 15 April 2022. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  4. ^ "Decree appointing Manuel Azaña Díaz as minister of War" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 15 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Decree appointing Santiago Casares Quiroga as minister of the Navy" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 15 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  6. ^ "Decree appointing Indalecio Prieto Tuero as minister of Finance" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 16 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  7. ^ "Decree appointing Miguel Maura Gamazo as minister of the Governance" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 15 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  8. ^ "Decree appointing Marcelino Domingo Sanjuán as minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 16 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  9. ^ "Decree appointing Álvaro de Albornoz y Lamiñana as minister of Development" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 15 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  10. ^ "Decree appointing Francisco Largo Caballero as minister of Labour" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 15 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  11. ^ "Decree appointing Luis Nicolau D'Olwer as minister of National Economy" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 17 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  12. ^ "Decree appointing Diego Martínez Barrios as minister of Communications" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 16 April 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  13. ^ "Decree appointing Santiago Casares Quiroga as minister of the Governance" (PDF). www.boe.es (in Spanish). 17 October 1931. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
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Provisional Government of the Second Spanish Republic
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