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Progressive Hong Kong Society

Progressive Hong Kong Society
ChairpersonMaria Tam
Founded14 February 1985 (1985-02-14)
Dissolved6 November 1990 (1990-11-06)
Merged intoLiberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong
IdeologyConservatism (HK)
Political positionCentre-right

The Progressive Hong Kong Society (Chinese: 香港勵進會; PHKS) was a political group in Hong Kong. It was established on 14 February 1985 by the then Executive and Legislative Council member Maria Tam. The party is considered conservative and pro-Beijing, in contrast to the pro-democracy forces which rose to prominence in the late 1980s and early 90s.

The society's stated mission was to support the implementation of the Sino-British Joint Declaration and maintain Hong Kong's prosperity and stability.[1] It was merged into the Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong in 1990. Notable members of the group included pro-Beijing businessmen and politicians James Tien and Vincent Lo, and future Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying.[1][2]


It was established on 14 February 1985 after the Sino-British Joint Declaration was signed and the colonial government began democratic reform. Headed by the then Executive and Legislative Councillor Maria Tam Wai-chu and co-founded by Pao Ping-wing, Philip Kwok Chi-kuen and Lester Kwok Chi-hang, the society was formed as a cross-sector political force consisting of business and professional representatives.[3] The aims of the society were to support the implementation of the Joint Declaration and maintain the stability and prosperity of the Hong Kong society before and after 1997.

The society held its first congress on 29 June 1985. Provisional chairman Maria Tam was elected as the first chairman, Philip Kwok the vice-chairman, Pao Ping-wing the secretary, and Lester Kwok the treasurer. Executive committee members included Veronica Wu, Kan Fook-yee, Tung Chee-ping, Lee Jung-kong, Lee Kai-ming, Addy Wong and Raymond Wu. At that time they had a total of 131 members, including two members of the Hong Kong Basic Law Drafting Committee, one member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), 41 District Board members, 8 members from the Urban Council and the Provisional Regional Council, one member of the Executive Council, two members of the Legislative Council, four members from the Heung Yee Kuk, three members of the rural committees and 17 trade unionists.[4] It formed a close partnership with the Hong Kong Civic Association, one of the oldest political organisations in the colony.[5]

The society received substantial grassroots support and was campaigned actively in elections against pro-democracy forces. In the 1988 District Board elections, the society fielded 49 candidates, the highest among political groups, and 41 of them were elected.[6] Another 11 members were appointed to the District Boards subsequently. In the April 1988 congress, Tam was re-elected as chairman while Lester Kwok, Chung Pui-lam and Yeung Fuk-kwong were elected vice-chairmen and George Pang Chun-sing elected as treasurer. Other new executive committee members included Leung Chun-ying, Edward Ho, Lee Yiu-kwong, Kwan Yiu-wing and Peter Wong Man-kong.[7]

In the 1988 Legislative Council election, the society won eight seats in the electoral colleges and functional constituencies.[8]

In 1990, Maria Tam co-founded the Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong, a conservative political party. Many society members joined the new federation. Tam and Philip Kwok became the vice-chairmen in the new party.

Notable members

See also


  1. ^ a b 古星輝 (1985). 香港權力的風向計——區議會選舉內幕. 鏡報月刊 (in Chinese): 39–42.
  2. ^ 「深梁」班底曝光揭梁振英「黨」史 – 東周網
  3. ^ "香港勱進會開始招會員". Wah Kiu Yat Po. 27 March 1985. p. 5.
  4. ^ "勵進會成立首次大會 選出十一人任執委". Wah Kiu Yat Po. 30 June 1985. p. 5.
  5. ^ "公民協會通過與勵進會結盟 譚惠珠不予置評". Wah Kiu Yat Po. 1 June 1985. p. 10.
  6. ^ "七團體支持參選區會勵進會支持人數最多". Wah Kiu Yat Po. 2 February 1988. p. 1.
  7. ^ "勵進會選出新員譚惠珠連任主席郭志桁副之". Wah Kiu Yat Po. 17 April 1988. p. 5.
  8. ^ "勵進會顯鋒芒八名會員勝出譚惠珠說選舉結果理想". Wah Kiu Yat Po. 24 September 1988. p. 3.


  • Catherine M. Jones. Promoting Prosperity:The Hong Kong Way of Social Policy. Chinese University Press, 1990.
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Progressive Hong Kong Society
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