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Prime Minister of East Timor

Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro
Tetum: Primeiru-Ministru
Incumbent
Xanana Gusmão
since 1 July 2023
StyleHis Excellency
StatusHead of Government
SeatDili
AppointerPresident of East Timor
Term lengthFive years
Constituting instrumentConstitution of East Timor
Formation28 November 1975
20 May 2002
First holderNicolau dos Reis Lobato
Mari Alkatiri
Salary27,000 USD annually[1]

The prime minister of East Timor, officially the Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro da República Democrática de Timor-Leste; Tetum: Primeiru-Ministru Republika Demokratika Timor-Leste), is the head of government in East Timor.

The president of East Timor is the head of state. The president appoints the prime minister, after parliamentary elections and have listened to all parties represented in the National Parliament, who is usually the leader of the majority party or majority coalition. The prime minister is ex officio a member of the Council of State, chairs the cabinet and oversees the activities of the government.

The current prime minister is Xanana Gusmão, who was sworn in on 1 July 2023; he also served as the 6th prime minister from 2007 to 2015.

List of prime ministers of East Timor

Political parties
Other factions

Prime ministers of East Timor during the War for Independence

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Nicolau dos Reis Lobato
(1946–1978)
28 November 1975 7 December 1975 9 days Fretilin
2 António Duarte Carvarino October 1977 February 1979 1 year, 4 months Fretilin

Chief ministers during United Nations administration

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Mari Alkatiri
(born 1949)
2001 20 September 2001 20 May 2002 212 days Fretilin

Prime ministers of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
3 Mari Alkatiri
(born 1949)
2001 20 May 2002 26 June 2006[a] 4 years, 37 days Fretilin
4 José Ramos-Horta
(born 1949)
26 June 2006 19 May 2007 327 days Independent
5 Estanislau da Silva
(born 1952)
19 May 2007 8 August 2007 81 days Fretilin
6 Xanana Gusmão
(born 1946)
2007
2012
8 August 2007 16 February 2015 7 years, 192 days CNRT
7 Rui Maria de Araújo
(born 1964)
16 February 2015 15 September 2017 2 years, 211 days Fretilin
(3) Mari Alkatiri
(born 1949)
2017 15 September 2017 22 June 2018 280 days Fretilin
8 Taur Matan Ruak
(born 1956)
2018 22 June 2018 1 July 2023 5 years, 9 days PLP
(6) Xanana Gusmão
(born 1946)
2023 1 July 2023 Incumbent 242 days CNRT

List of deputy prime ministers of East Timor

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Armanda Berta dos Santos
(born 1974)
29 May 2020 1 July 2023 3 years, 33 days KHUNTO
2 José Maria dos Reis
(born 1956)
24 June 2020 1 July 2023 3 years, 7 days Fretilin
3 Francisco Kalbuadi Lay
(born 1954)
2023 1 July 2023 Incumbent 242 days CNRT
4 Mariano Assanami Lopes
(born 1975)
1 July 2023 Incumbent 242 days PD

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Resigned during the 2006 crisis.
  2. ^ The Constitution of East Timor provides, in sections 104 and 105, for the appointment of officials referred to in its English language version as "Deputy Ministers". In other English language publications, those officials are commonly referred to as "Vice Ministers", even though the word "Vice", in context, arguably has a different meaning in English from the word "Deputy". In this article, the constitutional expression "Deputy" is used.

References

  1. ^ "REPÚBLICA DEMOCRÁTICA DE TIMOR-LESTE - Jornal da República". www.mj.gov.tl.


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Prime Minister of East Timor
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