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Prime Minister of Armenia

Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ
Incumbent
Nikol Pashinyan
since 8 May 2018
Government of Armenia
StyleMr. Prime Minister (formal)
His Excellency (diplomatic, abroad)[1]
StatusHead of government
Member ofCabinet of Armenia
ResidencePrime Minister's Residence
SeatYerevan
AppointerPresident of Armenia, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the National Assembly
Term lengthNo term limit
Parliamentary elections to the National Assembly are held every five years at most. After election Prime Minister and the Cabinet resigns and the newly elected National Assembly approves the Prime Minister.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Armenia
Inaugural holderHovhannes Kajaznuni[2]
Formation30 June 1918
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister
SalaryAMD 15,079,920/ US$ 38,825 annually[3]
Websitewww.primeminister.am

The prime minister of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ, romanizedHayastani Hanrapetut’yan varch’apet) is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "determine the main directions of policy of the Government, manage the activities of the Government and coordinate the work of the members of the Government." Also, according to the constitution, the prime minister heads the Security Council, which prescribes the main directions of the country's defense policy; thus, the prime minister is effectively the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Armenia.[4] Nikol Pashinyan is the current prime minister. He took the office on 8 May 2018 following the resignation of Serzh Sargsyan.

History

Original role

The office of prime minister was first established in 1918 with the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. The prime minister chosen by the National Council of Armenia and was accountable for international, domestic and regional issues. The first Prime Minister became Hovhannes Katchaznouni whose cabinet was made up from five members, all of which were from ARF. In addition, a ministry of interior was created, whose first head was Aram Manukian.[5] It vanished when the First Republic of Armenia was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic and then transferred into a full Soviet republic.

Soviet era

The governmental structure of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was similar to that of the other Soviet republics. The highest executive and administrative organ of state power was the Council of Ministers. The Council consisted of the following positions:

  • Chairman
  • Vice Chairman
  • Chairman of the State Planning Commission
  • Cabinet Ministers
  • Representative of the Committee of Agricultural Stocks
  • Chairman of the Board of Arts
  • Representative of the All-Union People's Commissariat

Restoration

When Armenia regained its independence in 1991, the office of prime minister was reintroduced. Under the new 2015 constitution, the prime minister is the most powerful and influential person in Armenian politics. The prime minister is appointed by the president of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. The prime minister can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. In the constitutional referendum held in 2015, citizens voted in favor of transferring Armenia into a parliamentary republic.

Prime Minister's Office

The Prime Minister's Staff has the task of ensuring the enforcement of the powers vested in the Prime Minister and the Deputy Prime Ministers, as well as making preparations for Cabinet meetings:[6]

Staff Department Principal executive Incumbent
Prime Minister's Staff Chief of Staff Arayik Harutyunyan
Deputy Chiefs of Staff Armenak Khachatryan
Artur Hovsepyan
Sargis Torosyan
Taron Chakhoyan
Zaruhi Matevosyan
Senior Adviser to the Prime Minister Hambardzum Matevosyan
Advisers to Prime Minister Artashes Toumanian
Voluntary Advisor Aleksandr Avetisyan
Suren Maghakyan
Press Secretary Nazeli Baghdasaryan
Chief Protocol Officer Suren Varosyan
Assistants to the Prime Minister Arsen Mikhaylov
Artur Grigoryan
David Gevorgyan
Gagik Isakhanyan
Hakob Abrahamyan
Karine Davoyan
Relations with the National Assembly Department Head Anahit Stephanyan
External Relations Karen Gasparyan
Legal Hayk Kesoyan
Programmes Expertise
Personnel and Human Resources Management
State and Legal Affairs
Social Affairs
Territorial Development and Environmental Issues
Information and Public Relations
Financial and Accounting
Financial-Economical
Regulatory Impact Assessment
Applications, monitoring and evaluation of citizen feedback
Administrative Service
Protocol Division
Protocol Department
First Division
Mobilization Preparations and Mobilization Programmes Division
General Division
Division of Pardons, Citizenship, Awards and Titles
Security Council Bureau
Civil Service Bureau
Inspection Bodies’ Coordination Bureau
Public Council Secretariat
Office of the Representative on international legal matters

List of heads of government of Armenia

Republic of Armenia (1918–1920)

Prime ministers
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left office
1 Hovhannes Kajaznuni
(1868–1938)
30 June 1918 28 May 1919 ARF
2 Alexander Khatisian
(1874–1945)
28 May 1919 5 May 1920 ARF
3 Hamo Ohanjanyan
(1873–1947)
5 May 1920 25 November 1920 ARF
4 Simon Vratsian
(1882–1969)
25 November 1920 2 December 1920 ARF
Armenia was part of the Soviet Union from 1920 to 1991 (see below)

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (1922–1936)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Title(s)
Took Office Left office
1 Alexander Miasnikian
(1886–1925)
1 January 1921 30 January 1922 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
2 Sargis Lukashin
(1883–1937)
21 May 1922 24 June 1925 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
3 Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
24 June 1925 22 March 1928 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
4 Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan
(1886–1937)
22 March 1928 10 February 1935 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
5 Abraham Guloyan
(1893–1938)
10 February 1935 February 1937 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars

Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Title(s)
Took Office Left office
6 Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
February 1937 May 1937 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
7 Stepan Akopyan
(1878–1961)
May 1937 21 September 1937 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
8 Aram Piruzyan
(1907–1996)
23 November 1937 October 1943 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
9 Aghasi Sargsyan
(1905–1971)
October 1943 1946 HKK Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
1946 29 March 1947 Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
10 Sahak Karapetyan
(1906–1987)
29 March 1947 20 November 1952 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
11 Anton Kochinyan
(1913–1990)
20 November 1952 5 February 1966 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
12 Badal Muradyan
(1915–1991)
5 February 1966 21 November 1973 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
13 Grigory Arzumanyan
(1918–1976)
21 November 1973 28 November 1976 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
G.A. Martirosyan
(1934–2015)
28 November 1976 17 January 1977 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
14 Fadey Sargsyan
(1923–2010)
17 January 1977 16 January 1989 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
15 Vladimir Markaryants
(1934–2000)
16 January 1989 13 August 1990 HKK Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
16 Vazgen Manukyan
(1946–)
13 August 1990 25 September 1991 AZhM Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

Armenia (1991–present)

  NDU (1)       PANM (1)       RPA (7)       Civil Contract (1)     
No. Name
(Lifespan)
Portrait Political party Term of office Election
(Parliament)
Government
No. Composition

1
Vazgen Manukyan
(born 1946)
PANM 13 August 1990 25 September 1991
(independence)
1990 1st IndependentsPANM
NDU 25 September 1991
(independence)
22 November 1991 IndependentsPANMNDU
2 Gagik Harutyunyan
(born 1948)
Independent 22 November 1991 30 July 1992 2nd IndependentsPANM
3 Khosrov Harutyunyan
(born 1948)
Independent 30 July 1992 2 February 1993 3rd
4 Hrant Bagratyan
(born 1958)
PANM 2 February 1993 26 July 1995 4th
26 July 1995 4 November 1996 1995 5th PANMRPA
5 Armen Sarkissian
(born 1952)
Independent 4 November 1996 20 March 1997 6th
6 Robert Kocharyan
(born 1954)
Independent 20 March 1997 10 April 1998 7th RPAARF
7 Armen Darbinyan
(born 1964)
Independent 10 April 1998 11 June 1999 8th RPAARFACP
8 Vazgen Sargsyan
(1959–1999)
RPA 11 June 1999 27 October 1999 1999 9th RPAPPAARF
9 Aram Sargsyan
(born 1961)
RPA 3 November 1999 2 May 2000 10th
10 Andranik Margaryan
(1949–2007)
RPA 2 May 2000 25 May 2003 11th RPAPPAARFHeritage
25 May 2003 25 March 2007
(died in office)
2003 12th RPAARFHeritage
Serzh Sargsyan
(born 1954)
RPA 25 March 2007 4 April 2007
11 4 April 2007 7 April 2008 13th
12 Tigran Sargsyan
(born 1960)
RPA 9 April 2008 6 May 2012 2007 14th RPAARFOEKPAP
6 May 2012 19 April 2013 2012 15th RPAOEK
19 April 2013 13 April 2014 16th
13 Hovik Abrahamyan
(born 1959)
RPA 13 April 2014 8 September 2016 17th RPAOEKARF
14 Karen Karapetyan
(born 1963)
RPA 13 September 2016 18 May 2017 18th RPAARF
18 May 2017 17 April 2018 2017 19th
(11) Serzh Sargsyan
(born 1954)
RPA 17 April 2018 23 April 2018 20th
Karen Karapetyan
(born 1963)
RPA 23 April 2018 8 May 2018
Nikol Pashinyan
(born 1975)
Yelk
Civil Contract
8 May 2018 14 January 2019 21st YelkTsarukyan AllianceARF
15 My Step
Civil Contract
14 January 2019 2 August 2021 2018 22nd Civil ContractMissionHanrapetutyun
Civil Contract 2 August 2021 Incumbent 2021 23rd Civil Contract

Timeline

Nikol PashinyanKaren KarapetyanHovik AbrahamyanTigran SargsyanSerzh SargsyanAndranik MargaryanAram SargsyanVazgen SargsyanArmen DarbinyanRobert KocharyanArmen SarkissianHrant BagratyanKhosrov HarutyunyanGagik HarutyunyanVazgen ManukyanVladimir MarkaryantsFadey SargsyanGerasim MartirosyanGrigory ArzumanyanBadal MuradyanAnton KochinyanSahak KarapetyanAghasi SargsyanAram PiruzyanStepan AkopyanAbraham GuloyanSahak Ter-GabrielyanSargis HambardzumyanSargis LukashinAlexander MiasnikianSarkis KasyanHakob NurijanyanGaregin NzhdehSimon VratsianHamo OhanjanyanAlexander KhatisianHovhannes Kajaznuni

Notes

     α.   ^ Assassinated while in office in the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting.

     β.   ^ Died of heart attack while in office.

References

  1. ^ "PM Nikol Pashinyan receives congratulations on 27th anniversary of Armenia's independence". Archived from the original on 19 January 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2019., The Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
  2. ^ "Hovhannes Kajaznuni and Aram Manukyan: Armenia's Forgotten Founding Fathers – Chai Khana". 2 April 2018.
  3. ^ "How much salary does the Prime Minister get?". iravaban.net. 9 May 2018.
  4. ^ LLC, Helix Consulting. "Constitution of the Republic of Armenia – Library – The President of the Republic of Armenia [the official site]". www.president.am. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  5. ^ [1],.
  6. ^ LLC, Helix Consulting. "Staff – Office of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia – The Government of the Republic of Armenia". www.gov.am. Retrieved 20 December 2023.
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Prime Minister of Armenia
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