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President of Somaliland

President of the
Republic of Somaliland
Madaxweynaha Soomaaliland (Somali)
Presidential seal
Flag of the President of Somaliland
Muse Bihi Abdi
since 13 December 2017 (2017-12-13)
StyleHis Excellency
Mr. President
Member ofCabinet of Somaliland
ResidencePresidential Palace
AppointerDirect election
Term length5 years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Somaliland
Formation28 May 1991 (1991-05-28)
First holderAbdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur
DeputyVice President of Somaliland
WebsiteOfficial website

The president of Somaliland (Somali: Madaxweynaha Soomaaliland; Arabic: رئيس جمهورية أرض الصومال, romanizedRayiys jumhuriat 'ard alsuwmal) is the head of state and head of government of Somaliland. The president is also commander-in-chief of the Somaliland Armed Forces. The president represents the Government of Somaliland.

The first president of Somaliland was Abdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur. The current office-holder is the 5th president Muse Bihi Abdi, who took office on 13 December 2017. The President can serve a maximum of two five-year terms. The Republic of Somaliland regards itself as the successor state to the former British Somaliland Protectorate, which was an independent country for a few days in 1960 as the State of Somaliland.[1][2][3]


The outgoing president, Abdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur, leaves the hall alongside newly elected president, Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal. Tuur is being congratulated by an elder man on his decision to accept the outcome of the election and stand down peacefully after several days intense debate and negotiation.

The first president of Somaliland was Abdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur, one of the leaders of the Somali National Movement (SNM), who took office on 7 June 1991, weeks after Somaliland was declared a republic. Since then the office has been held by four further people: Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal, Dahir Riyale Kahin, Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud, and Muse Bihi Abdi.[4][5]


By Article 82 of the Constitution of Somaliland, a person shall be eligible for the office of President or Vice President if (a) he is a citizen of Somaliland by birth, and, notwithstanding residence as a refugee in another country, must not hold any other citizenship; (b) he must be a Muslim, and must behave in accordance with Islamic religion; (c) he must be at least 40 years of age; and (d) he fulfills other criteria set out in this Article.[6] [7]

List of presidents of Somaliland

Death in office

One Somaliland president has died in office:

Latest election

See also


  1. ^ "Somaliland Marks Independence After 73 Years of British Rule" (fee required). The New York Times. 1960-06-26. p. 6. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
  2. ^ "How Britain said farewell to its Empire". BBC News. 23 July 2010.
  3. ^ 37. Somalia/Somaliland (1960-present).
  4. ^ AfricaNews (2017-12-13). "Somaliland hailed as it swears in new president". Africanews. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
  5. ^ "Abiy holds talks with President of Somaliland Administration". Nazret. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  6. ^ name=Constitution>*The Constitution of the Republic of Somaliland and in Somaliland Official Gazette Archived 20 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Making the Somaliland constitution and its role in democratisation and peace". Conciliation Resources. 1 February 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
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President of Somaliland
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