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Premier of Alberta

Premier of Alberta
Premier ministre de l'Alberta
Danielle Smith
since October 11, 2022
Office of the Premier
StatusHead of Government
Member of
Reports to
AppointerLieutenant Governor of Alberta
with the confidence of the Alberta Legislature
Term lengthAt His Majesty's pleasure
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the legislative assembly
FormationSeptember 2, 1905
First holderAlexander Cameron Rutherford
DeputyDeputy Premier of Alberta Edit this at Wikidata

The premier of Alberta is the head of government and first minister of the Canadian province of Alberta. The current premier is Danielle Smith, leader of the governing United Conservative Party, who was sworn in on October 11, 2022.[1]

The premier of Alberta is the leader of the legislative majority in the Alberta Legislature. The premier selects ministers of the Crown to the Executive Council of Alberta (the "cabinet") and as such is the head of the government in Alberta. The premier is the first minister representing Alberta towards the federal government and the other provinces and territories in Canada.

By constitutional convention the premier is normally a Member of the Legislative Assembly.

Duties and functions

To be effective, accountable and in line with custom, the premier is expected to hold a seat in the legislature, so the premier serves as the MLA for a riding and is elected as MLA by the constituents of that constituency. As with most government leaders in a parliamentary system, the premier usually wins his or her own election as MLA easily. However, on occasion, a premier has not been re-elected to their seat in a general election, forcing them to run in a by-election in a constituency that comes empty by the resignation of the sitting MLA or other incident. The most recent case of this was Don Getty, who lost his Edmonton-Whitemud seat in the 1989 election and then ran and was elected in a by-election in Stettler. In 2022 Danielle Smith was elected party leader without holding a seat in the legislative assembly, thus becoming premier, and within a few weeks won a seat in a by-election.

List of premiers


  1. ^ Austen, Ian (30 May 2023). "After a Hard-Right Turn, Alberta's Conservatives Retain Power". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 October 2023.

Further reading

Order of precedence Preceded bySalma Lakhani, Lieutenant Governor of Alberta Order of precedence in Alberta as of 2022[update] Succeeded byRitu Khullar, Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal of Alberta
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Premier of Alberta
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