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Port Coquitlam

Port Coquitlam
City of Port Coquitlam
Railway yard in Port Coquitlam
Railway yard in Port Coquitlam
Flag of Port Coquitlam
Nickname: 
"PoCo"[1]
Motto: 
"Working Together For The Future"
Location of Port Coquitlam in Metro Vancouver
Location of Port Coquitlam in Metro Vancouver
Coordinates: 49°15′45″N 122°46′52″W / 49.26250°N 122.78111°W / 49.26250; -122.78111
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Regional districtMetro Vancouver
IncorporatedMarch 7, 1913; 111 years ago (March 7, 1913)
Government
 • TypeMayor-council government
 • BodyPort Coquitlam City Council
 • MayorBrad West
 • CouncillorsSteve Darling
Paige Petriw
Darrell Penner
Glenn Pollock
Dean Washington
Nancy McCurrach
 • MPRon McKinnon (Liberal)
 • MLAMike Farnworth (BC NDP)
Area
 • Land29.16 km2 (11.26 sq mi)
Elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
 (2021)[3]
 • Total61,498
 • Estimate 
(2022)[4]
65,246
 • Rank93rd in Canada
 • Density2,108.7/km2 (5,462/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Forward sortation area
Area codes604, 778, 236, 672
Websiteportcoquitlam.ca

Port Coquitlam (/kˈkwɪtləm/ koh-KWIT-ləm) is a city in British Columbia, Canada. It is one of 21 municipalities comprising Metro Vancouver. Located 27 km (17 mi) east of Vancouver, it is on the north bank of the confluence of the Fraser River and the Pitt River. Coquitlam borders it to the north and west. Pitt Meadows lies across the Pitt River from it. Port Coquitlam is bisected by Lougheed Highway and the Canadian Pacific Kansas City railway. Port Coquitlam is often referred to as "PoCo".[1] It is Canada's 93rd-largest municipality by population.

History

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The area was long inhabited by indigenous peoples, most recently by the Coast Salish people, including the Kwikwetl'em. The first European settlers began farming beside the Pitt River in 1859. A major impetus to the creation of a municipality was when the Canadian Pacific Railway moved its freight terminus from Vancouver to "Westminster Junction", building a spur line to the Fraser River port of New Westminster in 1911. Port Coquitlam was first incorporated as a municipality on March 7, 1913.

Port Coquitlam was originally developed mostly as farmland. Given the expansion and increasing density of Vancouver, it has now been developed for suburban housing, especially in the northern and southwestern areas of the city. The economy is diversified, with a variety of industrial and commercial developments, including metal fabrication, high technology industries, and transportation.

Transportation

Being primarily suburban, Port Coquitlam relies heavily on its vehicular roads to move people and goods. For example, two of its major arterial roads, Shaughnessy Street and Lougheed Highway bisect Port Coquitlam north to south and east to west, respectively.

TransLink provides a number of bus routes throughout the city. The most used bus routes in this section of the Metro Vancouver Regional District are the 159, which connects southern Port Coquitlam to SkyTrain at Braid station. Other bus routes in the city include the 160, which links Port Coquitlam with Vancouver via Coquitlam Central Station and Moody Centre station, and the 173/174, which runs a loop through the northern half of the city, linking it with regional buses at Coquitlam Central and Port Coquitlam station. Two major stops in the city include Port Coquitlam Centre and Port Coquitlam Station. The remainder of Port Coquitlam is served by a network of Community Shuttles.

Port Coquitlam is the only one of the Tri-Cities to not have SkyTrain. However, this may change in the future with a Millennium Line extension into the downtown area. When the Evergreen Extension was built, the first few metres of track and a track switch to allow for an eventual eastward extension to Port Coquitlam were built at Coquitlam Central station. This would create two branches where trains would alternate between going north to Lafarge Lake–Douglas or east to downtown Port Coquitlam. A feasibility study was conducted, started during early 2020 and running for about six months. Both Mayor Brad West, the Port Coquitlam City Council, and the Coquitlam City Council have voiced support for the extension. However, as of 2022, no funding had been secured nor a formal plan created.[5]

The Lougheed Highway passes through Port Coquitlam, running from Coquitlam in the west to the Pitt River Bridge in the east. Although this highway has made much of Port Coquitlam a very congested area, it is one of the few major arterial highways in the area.

The Mary Hill Bypass, officially known as Highway 7B, runs adjacent to the Fraser River from the Pitt River Bridge on the east to the Port Mann Bridge on the west.

The Canadian Pacific Kansas City has a major rail yard in the central sector of the city.

In October 2009, the new Pitt River Bridge, a new seven-lane cable-stayed bridge, opened to the public replacing the existing crossing. The previous crossing was made up of 2 swing bridges, which were removed upon completion of the new bridge. The Pitt River Bridge crosses the Pitt River, connecting Port Coquitlam to neighbouring Pitt Meadows.

In March 2010, the Coast Meridian Overpass, a new four-lane cable-stayed bridge, opened to give a new option for traveling north to south over the Canadian Pacific Railway Oxford Street rail yard.

A 25.3 km (15.7 mi) hiking and biking trail, known as the Traboulay PoCo Trail, completely surrounds the city.[6]

In August 2018, U-bicycle launched a dockless bicycle sharing system in the city.[7]

Demographics

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
19212,148—    
19311,312−38.9%
19411,539+17.3%
19513,232+110.0%
19618,111+151.0%
198127,535+239.5%
199136,773+33.6%
199646,682+26.9%
200151,257+9.8%
200652,687+2.8%
201155,958+6.2%
201658,612+4.7%
202161,498+4.9%
[8][9][10][11][12][3]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Port Coquitlam had a population of 61,498 living in 22,884 of its 23,671 total private dwellings, a change of 4.9% from its 2016 population of 58,612. With a land area of 29.16 km2 (11.26 sq mi), it had a population density of 2,109.0/km2 (5,462.2/sq mi) in 2021.[3]

During the second half of the 1990s, the population grew at a rate of 9.8%, spurred by numerous immigrants. By 2001 they comprised 25% of the population. English was the first language for 76% of the inhabitants.

In 2009, Port Coquitlam was rated 85th for its murder rate (for Canadian cities with a population over 50K).[13]

Ethnicity

Panethnic groups in the City of Port Coquitlam (2001−2021)
Panethnic
group
2021[14] 2016[15] 2011[16] 2006[17] 2001[18]
Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. %
European[a] 34,635 57.35% 37,125 64.12% 38,070 68.25% 37,900 72.56% 38,440 75.66%
East Asian[b] 9,760 16.16% 8,420 14.54% 7,250 13% 6,755 12.93% 5,635 11.09%
Southeast Asian[c] 3,940 6.52% 3,090 5.34% 2,345 4.2% 1,595 3.05% 1,245 2.45%
South Asian 3,490 5.78% 2,790 4.82% 2,815 5.05% 2,445 4.68% 2,285 4.5%
Middle Eastern[d] 2,960 4.9% 1,745 3.01% 1,155 2.07% 1,030 1.97% 830 1.63%
Indigenous 1,795 2.97% 1,985 3.43% 1,790 3.21% 905 1.73% 1,030 2.03%
African 1,235 2.05% 885 1.53% 845 1.51% 550 1.05% 710 1.4%
Latin American 1,155 1.91% 925 1.6% 955 1.71% 440 0.84% 285 0.56%
Other[e] 1,425 2.36% 940 1.62% 560 1% 605 1.16% 330 0.65%
Total responses 60,390 98.2% 57,895 98.78% 55,780 99% 52,230 99.13% 50,805 99.12%
Total population 61,498 100% 58,612 100% 56,342 100% 52,687 100% 51,257 100%
  • Note: Totals greater than 100% due to multiple origin responses.

Languages

The 2021 census[19] found that English was spoken as mother tongue by 62.4% of the population. Chinese languages made up the next largest first language category. Chinese languages were the mother tongues of 8.2% of residents, including 4.5% Cantonese and 3.4% Mandarin. Other common first languages were Persian (3.0%), Korean (2.6%), and Tagalog (2.4%). As a single response, French was the first language of 0.9% of the population. 3.5% of residents listed both English and a non-official language as mother tongues, while 0.4% listed both English and French.

2021 Mother tongue by population[19]
Rank Mother tongue Population Percentage
1 English 37,840 62.4%
2 Cantonese 2,705 4.5%
3 Mandarin 2,075 3.4%
6 Persian 1,840 3.0%
5 Korean 1,565 2.6%
4 Tagalog 1,435 2.4%
7 Spanish 1,110 1.8%
8 Punjabi 960 1.6%
9 Russian 935 1.5%
10 Polish 625 1.0%

Religion

According to the 2021 census, religious groups in Port Coquitlam include:[14]

Education

Public schools

Public schools in Port Coquitlam are part of School District 43 Coquitlam and consists of several private schools as well.

Secondary schools:

Middle schools:

Elementary schools:

  • Birchland Elementary
  • Blakeburn Elementary
  • Castle Park Elementary
  • Cedar Drive Elementary
  • Central Elementary
  • Coquitlam River Elementary
  • Glen Elementary (French Immersion)
  • Irvine Elementary (French Immersion)
  • James Park Elementary
  • Hazel Trembath Elementary
  • Kilmer Elementary (French Immersion)
  • Lincoln Elementary (Closed in 2007).[20][21]
  • Mary Hill Elementary (French Immersion)
  • Westwood Elementary

The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates one Francophone primary and secondary school: école des Pionniers-de-Maillardville.[22]

Private schools

Notable residents

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Statistic includes all persons that did not make up part of a visible minority or an indigenous identity.
  2. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Chinese", "Korean", and "Japanese" under visible minority section on census.
  3. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Filipino" and "Southeast Asian" under visible minority section on census.
  4. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "West Asian" and "Arab" under visible minority section on census.
  5. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Visible minority, n.i.e." and "Multiple visible minorities" under visible minority section on census.

References

Specific
  • Francis, Daniel, ed. Encyclopedia of British Columbia, Harbour Publishing Ltd, 2000
General
  1. ^ a b "PoCo wants new and old photos for exhibit". Coquitlam Now. LMP Publication Limited Partnership. 2012-10-17. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
  2. ^ Cleugh, Janis (20 October 2018). "#POCOvotes2018: It's Mayor West for Port Coquitlam". Tri-City News. Glacier Media. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), British Columbia". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  4. ^ Services, Ministry of Citizens'. "Population Estimates - Province of British Columbia". www2.gov.bc.ca. Retrieved 2023-08-17.
  5. ^ "Port Coquitlam to launch feasibility study on Skytrain Extension". Daily Hive. November 28, 2019. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
  6. ^ "Traboulay PoCo Trail". portcoquitlam.ca. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  7. ^ Lau, Lucy (31 July 2018). "Dockless bike-sharing coming to Port Moody, Port Coquitlam, and Richmond this summer". The Georgia Straight. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Corrections and updates". Statistics Canada. March 21, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  9. ^ Canada, Statistics (2008-03-31). "Canada Year Book (CYB) Historical Collection" (PDF). www66.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  10. ^ Canada, Statistics (2008-03-31). "Canada Year Book (CYB) Historical Collection" (PDF). www66.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  11. ^ Canada, Statistics (2008-03-31). "Canada Year Book (CYB) Historical Collection" (PDF). www66.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  12. ^ "British Columbia (Canada): Province, Major Cities, Towns & District Municipalities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  13. ^ Macleans: [1] 14 October 2010
  14. ^ a b Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2022-10-26). "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-11-09.
  15. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2021-10-27). "Census Profile, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-12-26.
  16. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2015-11-27). "NHS Profile". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-12-26.
  17. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2019-08-20). "2006 Community Profiles". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-12-26.
  18. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2019-07-02). "2001 Community Profiles". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-12-26.
  19. ^ a b Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2022-02-09). "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Port Coquitlam, City (CY) [Census subdivision], British Columbia". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2023-01-17.
  20. ^ "Save Lincoln School".
  21. ^ "Coquitlam School District 43". Archived from the original on 2007-04-27. Retrieved 2007-04-01.
  22. ^ "Carte des écoles." Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique. Retrieved on 22 January 2015.
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Port Coquitlam
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