For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Platycephalus bassensis.

Platycephalus bassensis

Platycephalus bassensis
Derwent River, Hobart
juvenile
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Platycephalidae
Genus: Platycephalus
Species:
P. bassensis
Binomial name
Platycephalus bassensis
Cuvier 1829
Synonyms[1]

Platycephalus bassensis the Southern sand flathead, Bass flathead, bay flathead, common flathead, sand flathead, sandy, sandy flathead, slimy flathead or yanks, is a species of marine ray-finned fish belonging to the family Platycephalidae, the flatheads. It is endemic to Australia.

They are most commonly found in Tasmania They are depleted https://fishing.tas.gov.au/species/flathead-sand#:~:text=Sand%20flathead%20stocks%20are%20depleted,Releasing%20flathead%20in%20good%20condition.

Taxonomy

Platycephalus bassensis was first formally described in 1829 by the French zoologist Georges Cuvier in volume 4 of the Histoire naturelle des poissons which he co-wrote with Achille Valenciennes. Cuvier gave the type locality as Western Port in Victoria.[2] The specific name bassensis refers to the Bass Strait which the type locality is part of.[3]

Description

Platycephalus bassensis has and elongated and slightly flattened body with a large, flattened head which is just under one-third of the standard length and which has two clear bony ridges to the rear of the eye. The eyes are large and have a small lappet on the iris. It has a large mouth with small canine like teeth in the jaws and a broad patch of vomerine teeth with a thin band of palatine teeth. There are twp robust spines on the angle of the preoperculum with lower spine being around two times longer than the upper spine. The first dorsal fin is short based, has 8 or 9 spines with the first spine being very short and is separate. The second dorsal fin has a moderately long base with 13 or 14, typically 14, soft rays with the first rays being the longest. The anal fin has a similar shape and is opposite the second dorsal fin, has a slightly longer base and contains 14 soft rays. The caudal fin is truncate. This species has a maximum published total length of 55 cm (22 in)[4] and a maximum published weight of at least 3.1 kg (6.8 lb).[5] The overall colour is sandy to pale brownish with a scattering of small pale to dark spots. There are 2 or 3 vague bands posteriorly along the back and a whitish belly. There is an irregular blotch on the lower lobe of the caudal fin which is frequently interrupted by the pale fin rays, the upper lobe is marked with large brown spots or blotches.[4]

Distribution and habitat

Platycephalus bassensis is endemic to southern Australia where it occurs from northern New South Wales to southwestern Western Australia,[5] including around Tasmania. However, some authorities state that records west of the Great Australia Bight are misidentifications of P. westraliae. This species occurs on sandy, muddy or shelly substrates in shallow coastal bays down to depths of around 100 m (330 ft).[4]

Biology

Diet

Platycephalus bassensis is an ambush predator which buries itself in the sediment feeding on fishes and large benthic crustaceans.[4]

Reproduction

Platycephalus bassensis has separate sexes and external fertilisation with spawning taking place in the late Austral winter up to mid December. The eggs and larvae are pelagic, the larvae settle on the bottom and then grow rapidly for their first 3 years, attaining a total length of 22 to 25 cm (8.7 to 9.8 in).[4]

Fisheries

Platycephalus bassensis is taken by commercial trawlers and Danish seiners offshore as well as by gillnet, beach seine and hook and line inshore. although the catch is not large It is a popular recreational quarry for anglers in estuarine and sheltered inshore waters in Victoria and Tasmania.[4]

References

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2022). "Platycephalus bassensis" in FishBase. February 2022 version.
  2. ^ Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Species in the genus Platycephalus". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  3. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara, eds. (7 December 2021). "Order Perciformes (Part 11): Suborder Platycephaloidei: Families Bembridae, Parabembridae, Hoplichthyidae, Platycephalidae and Plectrogeniidae". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Australian National Fish Collection; CSIRO & Bray, D.J. (2021). "Platycephalus bassensis". Fishes of Australia. Museums Victoria. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  5. ^ a b Mark McGrouther (18 January 2019). "Southern Sand Flathead, Platycephalus bassensis Cuvier, 1829". Australian Museum. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Platycephalus bassensis
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?