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Philippine oriole

Philippine oriole
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Oriolidae
Genus: Oriolus
O. steerii
Binomial name
Oriolus steerii
Sharpe, 1877
  • Broderipus acrorhynchus[2]
  • Oriolus acrorhynchus[2]
  • Oriolus xanthonotus steerii
  • Xanthonotus steerii

The Philippine oriole (Oriolus steerii) or grey-throated oriole is a species of bird in the family Oriolidae. It is endemic to the Philippines.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. The species is fairly common throughout its range, but the Cebu race (O. s. assimilis) was last sighted in 1906 and is now classified as extinct.

Taxonomy and systematics

First described by Richard Bowdler Sharpe in 1877, the Philippine oriole is a member of the genus Oriolus. Some authorities have considered it to be conspecific with, or as a subspecies of, the dark-throated oriole.[3] These two species may form a superspecies with the Isabela oriole.[4]


Five subspecies are recognized:[5]


The Philippine oriole is a yellowish-brown bird with mainly thin feathers on the upper side of its body, a red beak and red eyes as well.

Distribution and habitat

Endemic to the Philippines, the Philippine oriole is found in forest, forest edge and second growth in the lowlands of Masbate, Samar, Leyte, Semirara Island, Negros, Bohol, Mindanao, Basilan and the Sulu Archipelago.[3]

Behaviour and ecology

This species, as much like with other orioles, tend to have a diet of mainly grass, flowers and similar food.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Oriolus steerii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22706372A94066348. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22706372A94066348.en. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b Arthur, Marquis of Tweedale (1877). "Contribution to the Ornithology of the Philippines, No. II". Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London for the Year 1877. London, England: Zoological Society of London. p. 760.
  3. ^ a b Sibley, Charles Gald; Monroe, Burt Leavelle (1990). Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press. p. 478. ISBN 978-0-300-04969-5.
  4. ^ "Dark-throated Oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus)". Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  5. ^ "IOC World Bird List 7.1". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/
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Philippine oriole
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