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Philip Lucock

Philip Lucock
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Lyne
In office
22 March 1952 – 19 September 1980
Preceded byJim Eggins
Succeeded byBruce Cowan
Personal details
Born(1916-01-16)16 January 1916
Eltham, Kent, England
Died8 August 1996(1996-08-08) (aged 80)
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
NationalityEnglish Australian
Political partyAustralian Country Party
ProfessionPresbyterian minister, Politician

Philip Ernest Lucock, CBE (16 January 1916 – 8 August 1996) was an Australian politician and Presbysterian minister. He served in the House of Representatives from 1952 to 1980, representing the Division of Lyne for the Country Party. He was Deputy Speaker for a record span of over 13 years.

Early life

Lucock was born on 16 January 1916 in Eltham, Kent, England. He was the second of three surviving children born to Grace Miriam (née Bishop) and Alan Lucock. His father worked as a shell gauger at the Royal Arsenal and later opened a hair salon, while his mother was a dressmaker's apprentice before her marriage.[1]

In 1923, Lucock and his family immigrated to New Zealand. They lived for periods in Dunedin, Timaru, and Christchurch, where his father ran salons. He attended Timaru Boys' High School (1929) and Christchurch Technical College (1930–1931), but had to leave school at the age of 14 to assist the family business during the Great Depression. Lucock later worked at a service station and at James Hay's department store in Christchurch. He moved to Sydney in 1937 and became a salesman at Anthony Hordern & Sons.[1]

Religious work and military service

Lucock had been active in the Presbyterian Church in New Zealand and after moving to Australia decided to pursue ministerial training. In 1939 he became a home missionary in Paterson, New South Wales. Ineligible to serve as a military chaplain, he joined the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) in 1941 and trained as a pilot at Somers, Victoria, and then at Rhodesia under the Empire Air Training Plan. He was sent back to Australia after four months due to being diagnosed with a kidney disorder and was discharged in August 1942 with the rank of leading aircraftman.[1]

After his discharge, Lucock was a home missionary at Wollomombi from 1943 to 1945. He later served at Blacktown (while studying at St Andrew's Theological Hall and at Wingham.[1] He was ordained as a minister in 1948 and became the parish minister of St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Wingham.[2]

Political career

Lucock in 1964

One year after he was ordained, Lucock stood as one of four candidates for the Country Party of Australia in the newly created seat of Lyne. He polled third behind Jim Eggins, who won the seat for the Country Party, and the Labor candidate Edward Hayes.[3][4]

Lucock did not stand at the 1951 poll,[5] but on the death of Jim Eggins in January 1952 a by-election was called.[3] Lucock and Donald Lancaster stood for the Country Party against Edward Hayes. The presence of two Country Party candidates split the vote and Hayes took three thousand votes more than either Lucock or Lancaster, but with preferences from Lancaster, Lucock easily won the seat.[6] When he was sworn in as the member for Lyne on 22 March 1952 Philip Lucock became the first member of the House of Representatives to swear allegiance to Queen Elizabeth II who had ascended to the throne on 6 February.[2]

Once elected Philip Lucock served in the government of Sir Robert Menzies as Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives. Lucock also served in this role under Prime Ministers Harold Holt, John Gorton, William McMahon and Malcolm Fraser.[2][7]

At the 1954 election Donald Lancaster, Lucock's running partner for the 1952 by election, stood against him as the Labor Party candidate. Although he gained 11.4 percent of the vote Lancaster's presence did not stop Lucock from gaining re-election.[8]

In 1969 the seat of Lyne underwent redistribution, with the electorate area moving southward. Although the Labor Party increased its vote by 2 thousand, this did not have any great effect on the result of the election, with Philip Lucock winning by more than ten thousand votes.[9]

Lyne was again redistributed in 1977 with the electorate again contracting from the north. Lucock retained the seat with a margin of 11.4 percent over Labor.[10]

Retirement

After more than 28 years in the Australian Parliament Philip Lucock retired at the 1980 election. He was succeeded by Bruce Cowan.[3] After leaving Parliament he served as Moderator of the Presbyterian Church.[2] He retired to Queensland, living in the Brisbane suburb of Keperra until his death in 1996.[2] His funeral was held in Brisbane and a memorial service was held at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Wingham, and each were attended by representatives of the Commonwealth Parliament.[2][7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Taflaga, Marija (2021). "Lucock, Philip Ernest (1916–1996)". Biographical Dictionary of the House of Representatives.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Condolence Motions" (PDF). House of Representatives Official Hansard. Commonwealth of Australia. 20 August 1996. pp. 26–32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  3. ^ a b c Green, Antony. "2008 Lyne By-election". ABC Elections website. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  4. ^ Adam Carr. "Commonwealth of Australia Legislative Election of 10 December 1949". psephos. Adam Carr. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  5. ^ Adam Carr. "Commonwealth of Australia Legislative Election of 1951". psephos. Adam Carr. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  6. ^ Adam Carr. "Lyne By-election of 1952". Psephos. Adam Carr. Archived from the original on 26 August 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.
  7. ^ a b "Condolence Motions" (PDF). Senate Official Hansard. Commonwealth of Australia. 21 August 1996. pp. 9–11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2008. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  8. ^ Adam Carr. "Commonwealth of Australia Legislative Election of 1954". psephos. Adam Carr. Archived from the original on 2 September 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.
  9. ^ Adam Carr. "Commonwealth of Australia Legislative Election of 1969". psephos. Adam Carr. Archived from the original on 6 September 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.
  10. ^ Adam Carr. "Commonwealth of Australia Legislative Election of 1977". psephos. Adam Carr. Archived from the original on 8 September 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.

Election Results - Division of Lyne 1949–1980

Condolence Motions in the Australian Federal Parliament at the Death of Philip Lucock

Parliament of Australia Preceded byJim Eggins Member for Lyne 1952–1980 Succeeded byBruce Cowan
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Philip Lucock
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