For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Penelope (bird).

Penelope (bird)

Penelope
Spix's guan, Penelope jacquacu
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Cracidae
Subfamily: Penelopinae
Genus: Penelope
Merrem, 1786
Type species
Penelope marail
Gmelin, 1788
Species

15, see text.

Penelope is a bird genus in the family Cracidae consisting of a number of large turkey-like arboreal species, the typical guans. The range of these species is in forests from southern Mexico to tropical South America. These large birds have predominantly brown plumage and have relatively small heads when compared to the size of their bodies; they also bear a characteristic dewlap. Body lengths are typically 65 to 95 centimeters.

Most of the genus members have a typically raucous honking call. A number of the genus members are endangered species and at least one is critically endangered, usually due to tropical deforestation and hunting. In the case of several species the estimated populations are as low as a few 1000 mature birds, spread over a considerable area. Because of the scarcity of many of the genus members and also due to the habitat being often in deep or high altitude forests, little is known about some of the species habits and reproduction; in fact, some species are found at altitudes up to 3350 meters. Nests are typically built of twigs in trees.

This genus seems to have originated as part of the southward expansion of guans through the Andes and across tropical South America. Its closest relatives are probably the piping-guans, Aburria. These genera's ancestors apparently diverged some time during the Burdigalian, 20-15 Myr, but this is not corroborated by fossil evidence (Pereira et al. 2002).

Species

Image Common name Scientific Name Distribution
White-winged guan Penelope albipennis Lambayeque, Cajamarca and Piura, north-west Peru
Band-tailed guan Penelope argyrotis Colombia and Venezuela.
Bearded guan Penelope barbata Ecuador and Peru.
Yungas guan[1] Penelope bridgesi east slope of the Andes from Bolivia to northwestern Argentina
Red-faced guan Penelope dabbenei northern Argentina and in the southern border region of Bolivia.
Spix's guan Penelope jacquacu Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, and Venezuela.
White-browed guan Penelope jacucaca Caatinga in north-eastern Brazil.
Marail guan Penelope marail Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Andean guan Penelope montagnii Risaralda Department of Colombia, and the Yanacocha Reserve of Ecuador.
Dusky-legged guan Penelope obscura Uruguay, northeastern Argentina and southernmost areas of Paraguay and Brazil;
Chestnut-bellied guan Penelope ochrogaster Brazil.
Baudo guan Penelope ortoni western Colombia and north-western Ecuador
Cauca guan Penelope perspicax Colombia.
White-crested guan Penelope pileata eastern Amazon basin of Brazil.
Crested guan Penelope purpurascens south Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula to western Ecuador and southern Venezuela.
Rusty-margined guan Penelope superciliaris eastern Paraguay with extreme northeast Argentina, and eastern Bolivia in the Pantanal

References

  1. ^ "Species Updates – IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  • Pereira, Sérgio Luiz; Baker, Allan J.& Wajntal, Anita (2002): Combined nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences resolve generic relationships within the Cracidae (Galliformes, Aves). Systematic Biology 51(6): 946–958. doi:10.1080/10635150290102519 PMID 12554460 PDF full text
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Penelope (bird)
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?