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Patria Grande Front

Patria Grande Front
Frente Patria Grande
LeaderJuan Grabois[1]
Founded27 October 2018 (2018-10-27)[2]
IdeologyKirchnerism[3]
Anti-neoliberalism[3]
Socialist feminism[3]
Socialism of the 21st century[4]

Latin American integration[3]
Catholic social teaching[5]
Political positionLeft-wing[6][1][7]
National affiliationUnión por la Patria
Colors   Sky blue, red
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
3 / 257
Seats in the Senate
0 / 72
Province Governors
0 / 24
Website
patriagrande.org.ar

The Patria Grande Front (Spanish: Frente Patria Grande) is a leftist political front in Argentina founded by activist and social leader Juan Grabois.[8] It was founded in October 2018, ahead of the 2019 Argentine general election, in support of the candidacy of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner and in opposition to the government of Mauricio Macri.[3] As of October 2020 it did not count with official party status nationwide.[9]

From 2019 to 2023, it was part of the Frente de Todos, a Peronist coalition formed to support the candidacy of Alberto Fernández (in whose ticket Fernández de Kirchner stood as candidate for vice-president).[10] Following the Frente de Todos's victory, the Patria Grande Front became represented in the national cabinet with the appointment of Elizabeth Gómez Alcorta as Minister of Women, Genders and Diversity.[11] In 2023, it became part of the Unión por la Patria coalition, the successor to Frente de Todos, formed to support Sergio Massa's presidential candidacy.

Patria Grande counts with minor representation in the lower chamber of the National Congress, with only three national deputies: Itai Hagman, Federico Fagioli, and Natalia Zaracho.[1] The name of the front derives from the concept of Patria Grande.

Background

The Patria Grande Front was founded on 27 October 2018 at a rally held in Mar del Plata, headed by activist and social leader Juan Grabois.[3] The front is a confluence of several social and political organizations, including Vamos, Movimiento Popular La Dignidad, Tres Banderas, and Nueva Mayoría.[1][12][13][14] According to Grabois, the front stands for the "critical reivindication of the popular cycle in Latin America and Argentina".[1]

The front was formed with the intention of backing the candidacy of former president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner ahead of the 2019 general election.[15] In July 2019, when Fernández de Kirchner declined running for president and instead endorsed Alberto Fernández while remaining in his ticket as candidate for vice-president, Patria Grande joined the newly formed Frente de Todos and supported Alberto Fernández's candidacy.[16]

Ideology and principles

The majority of the leaders are young, feminist and have a leftist background.[17]

They were never part of the traditional political parties, and developed a grassroots militancy in public education, the university, shantytowns and some unions.[17]

Electoral performance

President

Election Candidate Coalition First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
2019 Alberto Fernández   Frente de Todos 12,473,709 48.10 (#1) Won
2023 PASO Juan Grabois Union for the Homeland 1,441,504 5.85 (#5) Lost
2023 Sergio Massa Union for the Homeland 9,853,492 36.78 (#1) 11,516,142 44.31 (#2) Lost

Congress

Election year Votes % seats won total seats position presidency
2019 11,359,508 45.50 (#1st) 1
1 / 257
Minority Alberto Fernández (PJFDT)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Piscetta, Juan (3 November 2019). "Juan Grabois y el Frente Patria Grande consiguieron 11 cargos electivos en su primera experiencia electoral". Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Juan Grabois lanza el Frente Patria Grande que lideraría Cristina Kirchner". Perfil (in Spanish). 27 October 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Un frente antineoliberal | Grabois lanza el Frente Patria Grande junto a otros dirigentes sociales". Página/12 (in Spanish). 27 October 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2023.
  4. ^ "El lanzamiento de la campaña militante del Frente Patria Grande: "Cristina Volvé" | Agencia Paco Urondo". www.agenciapacourondo.com.ar. Retrieved 4 October 2023.
  5. ^ "Juan Grabois: 'Challenges enthuse me – we represent something which is not represented'". Buenos Aires Times. 8 July 2023.
  6. ^ "Giro sorpresivo en Argentina: Sergio Massa será el candidato presidencial único del oficialismo". France 24. 23 June 2023. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  7. ^ "Elecciones 2017: Daniel Filmus ganó la interna kirchnerista en Capital con el 75% de los votos". La Nación. 14 August 2017.
  8. ^ Fidanza, Andrés (10 August 2017). "Grabois, clase media y lengua popular". Revista Anfibia (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Partidos vigentes". Cámara Nacional Electoral (in Spanish). 31 October 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Juan Grabois llega para presentar Patria Grande". Diario Norte (in Spanish). 20 July 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  11. ^ Carbajal, Mariana (7 December 2019). "Quién es Elizabeth Gómez Alcorta". Página/12 (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  12. ^ "El espacio Vamos se sumó al Frente Patria Grande". El Civismo (in Spanish). 5 December 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Juan Grabois presenta en Mendoza el Frente Patria Grande". sitionandino.com.ar (in Spanish). 6 February 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  14. ^ Asorey, Santiago (1 November 2018). "Tres Banderas: el armado peronista del Frente Patria Grande". Agencia Paco Uraondo (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  15. ^ Ayerdi, Rosario (12 March 2019). ""Ella le gana": suman afiches y un kit a la campaña presidencial de Cristina Kirchner". Perfil (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  16. ^ "Patria Grande en el Frente de Todos: "no vamos a bajar ninguna bandera"". planbnoticias.com.ar (in Spanish). 21 October 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  17. ^ a b Piscetta, Juan (3 November 2019). "Juan Grabois y el Frente Patria Grande consiguieron 11 cargos electivos en su primera experiencia electoral". Infobae.
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Patria Grande Front
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