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Parksville, British Columbia

Parksville
City of Parksville
Nickname: 
Jewel of Vancouver Island
Parksville is located in Vancouver Island
Parksville
Parksville
Location of Parksville in British Columbia
Parksville is located in British Columbia
Parksville
Parksville
Parksville (British Columbia)
Coordinates: 49°.3193′N 124°.3136′W / 49.0053217°N 124.0052267°W / 49.0053217; -124.0052267
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Regional districtNanaimo
IncorporatedJune 19, 1945
Town statusMarch 30, 1978
City statusFebruary 15, 1986
Electoral districts     
Federal

Courtenay—Alberni
ProvincialParksville-Qualicum
Government
 • TypeMayor-council government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorDoug O'Brien
Area
 • City14.56 km2 (5.62 sq mi)
 • Metro
81.86 km2 (31.61 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • City13,642
 • Density939.5/km2 (2,433/sq mi)
 • Metro
28,922
 • Metro density353.3/km2 (915/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Forward Sortation Code
V9P
Area code(s)250, 778, 236, 672
Websiteparksville.ca Edit this at Wikidata

Parksville is a city on Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada. As of the 2021 Census, Parksville's population was 13,642, representing a 9.5% increase over the 2016 Census.[1]

Parksville is well known for its large, sandy beaches at Parksville Bay and Craig Bay. The city's best-known annual event since 1982 is a sandcastle-building competition held from mid-July to mid-August, dubbed "Parksville Beachfest". Beachfest is the only World Championship Sand Sculpting official qualification event in Canada.[2]

Parksville is served by the coast-spanning Island Highway, the Island Rail Corridor, and a nearby airport.

History

Human habitation has occurred in the area for thousands of years. Prior to Euro-Canadian settlement, the area was inhabited by several Coast Salish indigenous groups: Qualicum, Snaw-naw-as (Nanoose), and Snuneymuxw peoples.

The Spanish were the first Europeans to explore the area in 1791, followed shortly by the fleet of George Vancouver of the British Royal Navy. On Spanish maps, the Englishman River was called 'Rio de Grullas,' (River of Cranes, i.e. herons) at the site of modern-day San Pareil, while French Creek was named 'Punta de Leonardo.'

The first European landholder in the Parksville area was John Hirst, who pre-empted 120 hectares (300 acres) of land on both sides of the Englishman River in 1873, although he never relocated there from Nanaimo.[3] The River, as it was known, remained an outpost until the turn of the 20th century when a road was built from Nanaimo.

A post office soon followed in 1877, with mail distributed from the cabin of the first postmaster, Nelson Parks, for whom the city is named.[4]: 202 

At that time, logging was a major industry and the extension of the Esquimalt and Nanaimo (E & N) Railway in 1901, to McBride Junction spurred Parksville's growth and the beginning of a tourism boom, mainly Vancouver Islanders who travelled to Parksville to enjoy the incredible beaches.

Motels, stores, resorts and campgrounds soon followed and the community continues to prosper today. The Village of Parksville was incorporated June 19, 1945. Parksville became a town on April 1, 1978, and a city on June 1, 1981.

Geography

The city lies along Highway 19A, 37 km (23 mi) northwest of Nanaimo, 48 km (30 mi) east of Port Alberni and 7 km (4 mi) kilometres southeast of Qualicum Beach. Highway 4A originates to the south of the city, before heading west to Errington and Coombs. The majority of Parksville's land base lies between Englishman River and French Creek, although a substantial portion of the city lies east of Englishman River, along the western shores of Craig Bay.

Climate

Parksville has a Csb warm-summer mediterranean climate with July and August having less than 40mm of rain.

Climate data for Parksville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.1
(61.0)
18.9
(66.0)
24.0
(75.2)
31.5
(88.7)
30.5
(86.9)
31.1
(88.0)
31.1
(88.0)
32.0
(89.6)
23.5
(74.3)
17.8
(64.0)
16.0
(60.8)
32.0
(89.6)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
7.3
(45.1)
9.5
(49.1)
12.7
(54.9)
16.4
(61.5)
19.1
(66.4)
22.0
(71.6)
21.8
(71.2)
18.4
(65.1)
13.0
(55.4)
8.3
(46.9)
5.8
(42.4)
13.3
(55.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
5.6
(42.1)
8.3
(46.9)
11.7
(53.1)
14.5
(58.1)
16.8
(62.2)
16.6
(61.9)
13.4
(56.1)
9.1
(48.4)
5.4
(41.7)
3.3
(37.9)
9.3
(48.7)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.8
(33.4)
1.6
(34.9)
3.9
(39.0)
7.0
(44.6)
9.9
(49.8)
11.6
(52.9)
11.3
(52.3)
8.4
(47.1)
5.2
(41.4)
2.4
(36.3)
0.7
(33.3)
5.2
(41.4)
Record low °C (°F) −15.6
(3.9)
−13.0
(8.6)
−9.0
(15.8)
−2.8
(27.0)
0.0
(32.0)
2.8
(37.0)
5.0
(41.0)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
−14.0
(6.8)
−14.4
(6.1)
−15.6
(3.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 193.4
(7.61)
163.6
(6.44)
118.1
(4.65)
68.9
(2.71)
50.9
(2.00)
47.3
(1.86)
28.0
(1.10)
36.9
(1.45)
51.7
(2.04)
137.4
(5.41)
218.0
(8.58)
199.9
(7.87)
1,314.2
(51.74)
Source: Environment Canada[5]

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Parksville had a population of 13,642 living in 6,754 of its 7,105 total private dwellings, a change of 9.5% from its 2016 population of 12,453. With a land area of 14.52 km2 (5.61 sq mi), it had a population density of 939.5/km2 (2,433.4/sq mi) in 2021.[6]

The median household income in 2006 for Parksville was $55,524, which is below the British Columbia provincial average of $62,346.[7]

Ethnicity

Panethnic groups in the City of Parksville (1996−2021)
Panethnic
group
2021[8] 2016[9] 2011[10] 2006[11] 2001[12] 1996[13]
Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. %
European[a] 12,035 90.45% 10,990 91.35% 10,535 92.17% 10,130 93.8% 9,785 96.4% 8,925 96.07%
Indigenous 535 4.02% 550 4.57% 460 4.02% 360 3.33% 230 2.27% 180 1.94%
Southeast Asian[b] 325 2.44% 155 1.29% 145 1.27% 55 0.51% 25 0.25% 25 0.27%
East Asian[c] 190 1.43% 175 1.45% 165 1.44% 150 1.39% 40 0.39% 40 0.43%
South Asian 80 0.6% 90 0.75% 25 0.22% 85 0.79% 25 0.25% 35 0.38%
Latin American 60 0.45% 20 0.17% 75 0.66% 15 0.14% 20 0.2% 30 0.32%
African 30 0.23% 15 0.12% 0 0% 0 0% 10 0.1% 15 0.16%
Middle Eastern[d] 10 0.08% 10 0.08% 0 0% 0 0% 10 0.1% 25 0.27%
Other/Multiracial[e] 50 0.38% 20 0.17% 20 0.17% 10 0.09% 0 0% 10 0.11%
Total responses 13,305 97.53% 12,030 96.6% 11,430 95.43% 10,800 98.24% 10,150 98.32% 9,290 98.08%
Total population 13,642 100% 12,453 100% 11,977 100% 10,993 100% 10,323 100% 9,472 100%
Note: Totals greater than 100% due to multiple origin responses

Religion

According to the 2021 census, religious groups in Parksville included:[8]

Economy

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
View of the beach from a resort

Tertiary sector and secondary sector jobs make up the largest part of the Parksville economy. The three largest types of occupations in Parksville are the service industry; the construction industry; and the business, financial, and administration industries. These are the largest sectors of the city's economy largely due to the summer tourism industry, and a large influx of retirees moving into the area. There is also a fair amount of primary sector industry in the surrounding areas of Parksville, primarily fishing and forestry.

There is an industrial park located in the Southeast section of the city, known as the Orange Bridge Business District, which includes many tradesman shops.

Tourism

Parksville has long been a tourist location primarily catering to people from across Vancouver Island as well as Greater Vancouver.

Parksville Beach (located at Community Park) and Rathtrevor Beach are two of the city's main attractions.

Education

The City of Parksville is located within School District 69 Qualicum. Springwood Elementary, Oceanside Elementary and Ballenas Secondary School are all located within Parksville. School District 69 also operates a Continuing Education Centre, Collaborative Education Alternate Program and PASS/Woodwinds Alternate School in Parksville.

A regional campus of Vancouver Island University is located in Parksville.

Culture, recreation, and leisure

Polar Bear Splash

Every year on January 1, residents gather at Parksville Community Park beach to plunge into the cold water to welcome in the new year.[14][15]

Summer By the Sea Market

Each summer, Parksville holds a night market on Tuesday's. The market draws in visitors and helps to support local small businesses. In the past, the market has had up to 150 vendors. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the market was relocated to the Parksville Community Centre and the number of vendors was reduced. As of 2022, it has returned to Craig Street.[16]

Canada Day Parade

Parksville hosts an annual Canada Day celebration. In the morning there is a parade that runs along the Island Hwy. Residents and visitors gather along the road to watch the procession and then walk down to Parksville Community Park where there are vendors, including food trucks, live music performances, some carnival attractions, and fireworks.[17]

Notes

  1. ^ Statistic includes all persons that did not make up part of a visible minority or an indigenous identity.
  2. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Filipino" and "Southeast Asian" under visible minority section on census.
  3. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Chinese", "Korean", and "Japanese" under visible minority section on census.
  4. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "West Asian" and "Arab" under visible minority section on census.
  5. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Visible minority, n.i.e." and "Multiple visible minorities" under visible minority section on census.

References

  1. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (February 9, 2022). "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Parksville, City (CY) [Census subdivision], British Columbia". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
  2. ^ Parksville Beach Festival Society. "About Us". www.parksvillebeachfest.ca. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  3. ^ Parksville Museum (2001). "A Chronological History of Parksville" (PDF). Parksville Museum. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  4. ^ Akrigg, G.P.V.; Akrigg, Helen B. (1986), British Columbia Place Names (3rd, 1997 ed.), Vancouver: UBC Press, ISBN 0-7748-0636-2
  5. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed July 5, 2012
  6. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), British Columbia". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  7. ^ "Parksville, British Columbia".
  8. ^ a b Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (October 26, 2022). "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  9. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (October 27, 2021). "Census Profile, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved March 6, 2023.
  10. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (November 27, 2015). "NHS Profile". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved March 6, 2023.
  11. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (August 20, 2019). "2006 Community Profiles". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved March 6, 2023.
  12. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (July 2, 2019). "2001 Community Profiles". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved March 6, 2023.
  13. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (July 2, 2019). "Profile of Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1996 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved March 6, 2023.
  14. ^ "28th Annual RDN Polar Bear Splash | RDN". www.rdn.bc.ca. Retrieved January 3, 2023.
  15. ^ "Hundreds take plunge in Parksville's Polar Bear Splash 2023 - Parksville Qualicum Beach News". www.pqbnews.com. January 1, 2023. Retrieved January 3, 2023.
  16. ^ "Parksville chamber starts planning for return of Summer by the Sea Market on Craig Street - Parksville Qualicum Beach News". www.pqbnews.com. April 17, 2022. Retrieved January 3, 2023.
  17. ^ "Plenty of Canada Day activities for Parksville Qualicum Beach residents - Parksville Qualicum Beach News". www.pqbnews.com. June 30, 2022. Retrieved January 3, 2023.

49°18′54″N 124°18′43″W / 49.315°N 124.312°W / 49.315; -124.312

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Parksville, British Columbia
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