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Paerisades III

Paerisades III
King of the Bosporan Kingdom
Reigncirca. 180–150 BC
PredecessorSpartokos V [ru]
SuccessorPaerisades IV
Co-rulerKomosarye II
BornUnknown
Bosporan Kingdom
Diedcirca. 150 BC
Panticapaeum
SpouseKomosarye II
Issue
GreekΠαιρισάδης
HouseSpartocid
FatherLeukon II
MotherAlkathoe
ReligionGreek Polytheism

Paerisades III (Greek: Παιρισάδης) was a son of Leukon II and Alkathoe, he also succeeded his brother Spartokos V [ru] as Spartocid king of the Bosporan Kingdom from 180 to 150 BC. He co-ruled with Kamasarye II.[1]

Biography

Early Reign

Before his rule, the Bosporan Kingdom was under the archonship of Hygiainon, a supporter of the Spartocids and perhaps a regent for Kamasarye who was unmarried and could not rule.[2] He was not directly in the line of succession, as he was the son of Spartokos V's brother, perhaps Spartokos IV. Paerisades then presumably succeeded Hygiainon in 200 BC or perhaps Spartokos V sometime in 180 BC, the correct succession being unknown. He then married his cousin, Kamasarye.[3] They were praised by an assembly in Delphi due to Spartokos V's and Paerisades's actions towards foreigners that entered their kingdom.[4] Kamasarye would be the mother of his eldest son Paerisades IV, who later succeed his father

At some point during his reign, he may have taken another wife, possibly named Argotes, who was perhaps the mother of Paerisades V, the last Spartocid ruler of the Bosporan Kingdom.

Succession

Paerisades III was succeeded by his sons Paerisades IV "Philometor" (ca. 150-125 BC) and Paerisades V (ca. 125-108 BC). Paerisades IV took the surname "Philometor," which means "mother-loving," to perhaps show a bond with his mother Kamasarye.[5] His brother, Paerisades V, would be the last Spartocid king to rule the Bosporan Kingdom, ending a dynasty of three centuries.

References

  1. ^ "В.М. Зубарь, А.С. Русяева. На берегах Боспора Киммерийского : Нарушение престолонаследия и угасание династии Спартокидов". www.sno.pro1.ru. Retrieved 2022-09-01.
  2. ^ Elena Stolyarik. THE REIGN AND CHRONOLOGY OF THE ARCHON HYGIAENON. Leucon of Bosporus. JSTOR 43580389. before her marriage with her cousin Paerisades III, she was supported by an eminent member of the Bosporan aristocracy, Hygiaenon.
  3. ^ Polyaenus. Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum.
  4. ^ Polyaenus. Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum. [It was resolved by the city of Delphi in full assembly with] a vote [as prescribed by law]: since king Pairisades and queen Kamasaryē, daughter of king Spartokos, have in the same way as their predecessors continually acted piously towards the gods, and have shown kindness to those of the citizens who have visited them
  5. ^ Elena Stolyarik. THE REIGN AND CHRONOLOGY OF THE ARCHON HYGIAENON. Leucon of Bosporus. JSTOR 43580389.
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Paerisades III
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