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Oxford (federal electoral district)

Oxford
Ontario electoral district
Oxford in relation to the southern Ontario ridings
Federal electoral district
LegislatureHouse of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Arpan Khanna
Conservative
District created1933
First contested1935
Last contested2023
District webpageprofile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1]108,656
Electors (2015)83,003
Area (km²)[2]2,384
Pop. density (per km²)45.6
Census division(s)Brant County, Oxford County
Census subdivision(s)Brant, Woodstock, Tillsonburg, Ingersoll, Norwich, Zorra, South-West Oxford, East Zorra – Tavistock, Blandford-Blenheim

Oxford is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since the 1935 election.

Demographics

According to the 2021 Canadian census[3]

Ethnic groups: 90.2% White, 3.2% South Asian, 2.3% Indigenous, 1.4% Black
Languages: 89.2% English, 1.8% Dutch, 1.5% Punjabi, 1.2% French, 1.2% German
Religions: 56.7% Christian (17.2% Catholic, 9.3% United Church, 5.0% Anglican, 3.1% Baptist, 2.8% Reformed, 2.6% Presbyterian, 1.6% Lutheran, 1.5% Anabaptist, 1.0% Pentecostal and other Charismatic, 12.6% Other), 1.7% Sikh, 39.4% None
Median income: $42,800 (2020)
Average income: $50,760 (2020)

Geography

The riding consists of the County of Oxford and a small portion of the County of Brant,[4] covering most of the former Burford Township.

In the 2021 and 2019 elections, the Conservatives have won all parts of the riding, but were particularly strong in the rural southern part of the riding, with Burford Township and Norwich being their strongest areas. The weakest part of the riding for the Tories was in the riding's urban centres of Tillsonburg, Woodstock and Ingersoll where they only won pluralities. Liberal support is generally weak across the riding, but is the strongest in Woodstock and Tillsonburg, while the NDP has done particularly well in Ingersoll, winning over a quarter of the vote there in both elections. The People's Party saw a significant increase in their vote in 2021, with their strongest part of the riding being in Norwich.

History

It was created in 1933 when the ridings of Oxford North and Oxford South were merged. It consisted initially of the county of Oxford, including the part of the village of Tavistock that lies in the county of Oxford.

In 1966, it was expanded to include the whole of the Village of Tavistock and the Town of Tillsonburg. In 1987, it was expanded to include the Township of Burford in the County of Brant. In 1996, it reverted to consisting of just the county of Oxford.

This riding gained territory from Brant during the 2012 electoral redistribution, consisting of that part of the County of Brant west of Etonia Road and East Quarter Townline Road.

Members of Parliament

Parliament Years Member Party
Oxford
Riding created from Oxford North and Oxford South
18th  1935–1940     Almon Rennie Liberal
19th  1940–1945
20th  1945–1949     Kenneth Daniel Progressive Conservative
21st  1949–1953     Clark Murray Liberal
22nd  1953–1957     Wally Nesbitt Progressive Conservative
23rd  1957–1958
24th  1958–1962
25th  1962–1963
26th  1963–1965
27th  1965–1968
28th  1968–1972
29th  1972–1974
30th  1974–1979 Bruce Halliday
31st  1979–1980
32nd  1980–1984
33rd  1984–1988
34th  1988–1993
35th  1993–1997     John Baird Finlay Liberal
36th  1997–2000
37th  2000–2004
38th  2004–2006     Dave MacKenzie Conservative
39th  2006–2008
40th  2008–2011
41st  2011–2015
42nd  2015–2019
43rd  2019–2021
44th  2021–2023
 2023–present Arpan Khanna

Election results

Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Graph of election results in Oxford (parties that never received at least 2% of the vote are omitted)


Canadian federal by-election, June 19, 2023
Resignation of Dave MacKenzie
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arpan Khanna 16,688 42.92 -4.13
Liberal David Hilderley 14,164 36.43 +15.90
New Democratic Cody Groat 4,053 10.42 -7.86
Christian Heritage John Markus 1,672 4.30 +3.53
People's Wendy Martin 1,278 3.29 -7.36
Green Cheryle Baker 854 2.20 -0.52
Independent John The Engineer Turmel 171 0.44
Total valid votes 38,880 99.38
Total rejected ballots 243 0.62 +0.01
Turnout 39,123 39.81 -25.08
Eligible voters 98,270
Conservative hold Swing -10.01
Source: Elections Canada[5]
2021 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Dave MacKenzie 29,146 47.05 -1.09 $32,605.67
Liberal Elizabeth Quinto 12,720 20.53 +1.24 $25,550.39
New Democratic Matthew Chambers 11,325 18.28 -1.93 $3,373.85
People's Wendy Martin 6,595 10.65 +7.73 $15,390.08
Green Bob Reid 1,683 2.72 -5.12 $0.00
Christian Heritage Allen Scovil 479 0.77 -0.85 $5,613.11
Total valid votes/Expense limit 61,948 99.39 $123,152.84
Total rejected ballots 379 0.61 -0.25
Turnout 62,327 64.89 -1.04
Eligible voters 96,055
Conservative hold Swing -1.17
Source: Elections Canada[6]
2021 federal election redistributed results[7]
Party Vote %
  Conservative 28,222 46.79
  Liberal 12,471 20.67
  New Democratic 11,124 18.44
  People's 6,418 10.64
  Green 1,629 2.70
  Others 457 0.76
2019 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Dave MacKenzie 29,310 48.14 +2.46 $49,710.46
New Democratic Matthew Chambers 12,306 20.21 +3.66 none listed
Liberal Brendan Knight 11,745 19.29 -12.90 $3,866.13
Green Lisa Birtch-Carriere 4,770 7.83 +4.31 none listed
People's Wendy Martin 1,774 2.91 - $6,624.90
Christian Heritage Melody Aldred 986 1.62 -0.45 $3,632.07
Total valid votes/expense limit 60,891 99.14
Total rejected ballots 528 0.86 +0.44
Turnout 61,419 65.92 -2.00
Eligible voters 93,166
Conservative hold Swing -0.60
Source: Elections Canada[8][9]
2015 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Dave MacKenzie 25,966 45.67 -13.30 $75,795.63
Liberal Don McKay 18,299 32.19 +22.55 $36,173.57
New Democratic Zoe Kunschner 9,406 16.55 -8.90 $25,490.22
Green Mike Farlow 2,004 3.53 -0.80 $4,354.32
Christian Heritage Melody Ann Aldred 1,175 2.07 $8,421.76
Total valid votes/Expense limit 56,850 99.58   $220,586.55
Total rejected ballots 241 0.42
Turnout 57,041 67.93
Eligible voters 84,045
Conservative hold Swing -17.92
Source: Elections Canada[10][11]
2011 federal election redistributed results[12]
Party Vote %
  Conservative 28,782 58.97
  New Democratic 12,419 25.45
  Liberal 4,706 9.64
  Green 2,111 4.33
  Others 786 1.61
2011 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Dave MacKenzie 27,973 58.90 +6.22 $56,267
New Democratic Paul Arsenault 12,164 25.61 +7.59 $14,065
Liberal Tim Lobzun 4,521 9.52 -9.87 $13,495
Green Mike Farlow 2,058 4.33 -3.24 $12,611
Christian Heritage John Markus 776 1.63 -0.71 $1,478
Total valid votes/Expense limit 47,492 99.62   $85,881.86
Total rejected ballots 179 0.38 +0.05
Turnout 47,671 61.88 +2.87
Eligible voters 77,035
Conservative hold Swing -0.68
2008 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Dave MacKenzie 23,330 52.68 +6.13 $57,473
Liberal Martha Dennis 8,586 19.39 -8.70 $50,017
New Democratic Diane Abbott 7,982 18.02 +0.65 $9,242
Green Cathy Mott 3,355 7.58 +4.43 $2,819
Christian Heritage Shaun MacDonald 1,036 2.34 -0.55 $14,229
Total valid votes/Expense limit 44,289 99.67 $82,866
Total rejected ballots 145 0.33 -0.00
Turnout 44,434 59.02 -8.12
Eligible voters 75,290
Conservative hold Swing +7.41
2006 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dave MacKenzie 23,140 46.55 +1.65
Liberal Greig Mordue 13,961 28.08 -2.44
New Democratic Zoe Kunschner 8,639 17.38 +2.84
Green Ronnee Sykes 1,566 3.15 -1.10
Christian Heritage John Markus 1,434 2.88 -0.46
Marijuana James Bender 771 1.55 -0.18
Libertarian Kaye Sargent 204 0.41 -0.08
Total valid votes 49,715 99.67
Total rejected ballots 164 0.33 -0.13
Turnout 49,879 67.14 +4.01
Eligible voters 74,292
Conservative hold Swing +2.05
2004 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dave MacKenzie 20,606 44.89 -12.59
Liberal Murray Coulter 14,011 30.52 -4.91
New Democratic Zoe Kunschner 6,673 14.54 +9.25
Green Irene Tietz 1,951 4.25
Christian Heritage Leslie Bartley 1,534 3.34
Marijuana James Bender 794 1.73
Libertarian Kaye Sargent 226 0.49
Canadian Action Alex Kreider 108 0.24
Total valid votes 45,903 99.54
Total rejected ballots 211 0.46
Turnout 46,114 63.13
Eligible voters 73,048
Conservative notional hold Swing -3.84

Note: Change is from 2000 redistributed results. Conservative vote is compared to the combined Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative vote.

2000 federal election redistributed results[13]
Party Vote %
  Liberal 14,869 35.44
  Progressive Conservative 12,834 30.59
  Canadian Alliance 11,283 26.89
  New Democratic 2,219 5.29
  Others 755 1.80
2000 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Baird Finlay 15,181 35.55 -0.43
Progressive Conservative Dave MacKenzie 13,050 30.56 -1.94
Alliance Patricia Smith 11,455 26.82 +5.76
New Democratic Shawn Rouse 2,254 5.28 -2.25
Independent John Thomas Markus[a] 536 1.26 -0.86
Canadian Action Alex Kreider 227 0.53 +0.11
Total valid votes 42,703 100.0
Liberal hold Swing +0.76

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election. Independent compared to Christian Heritage.

1997 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Baird Finlay 16,281 35.98 -5.15
Progressive Conservative Dave MacKenzie 14,706 32.50 +9.79
Reform Bill Irvine 9,533 21.07 -5.39
New Democratic Martin Donlevy 3,406 7.53 +2.55
Christian Heritage John Zekveld 956 2.11 +0.16
Canadian Action Alex Kreider 192 0.42
Natural Law Jim Morris 181 0.40 -0.05
Total valid votes 45,255 100.0
Liberal hold Swing -7.47
1993 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Baird Finlay 19,669 41.13 +4.11
Reform John Mohr 12,653 26.46
Progressive Conservative George Klosler 10,857 22.70 -17.05
New Democratic Martin Donlevy 2,380 4.98 -10.98
Christian Heritage Hans Strikwerda 935 1.96 -4.59
Independent George Moore 471 0.98
National Bryan John Rahn 417 0.87
Libertarian Kaye Sargent 230 0.48 +0.10
Natural Law Peter Leggat 214 0.45
Total valid votes 47,826 100.0
Liberal gain from Progressive Conservative Swing +10.58
1988 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Bruce Halliday 19,367 39.75 -17.3
Liberal Alfred Apps 18,035 37.02 +8.3
New Democratic Brian Donlevy 7,771 15.95 +2.4
Christian Heritage Hans Strikwerda 3,190 6.55
Libertarian Kaye Sargent 187 0.38 -0.3
Commonwealth of Canada Sharon Rounds 166 0.34
Total valid votes 48,716 100.0
1984 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Bruce Halliday 25,642 57.1 +11.2
Liberal Alfred Apps 12,884 28.7 -8.1
New Democratic Wayne Colbran 6,077 13.5 -2.8
Libertarian Kaye Sargent 322 0.7 0.0
Total valid votes 44,925 100.0
1980 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Bruce Halliday 19,382 45.9 -9.3
Liberal Ken Peers 15,546 36.8 +6.5
New Democratic Marjorie Lanaway 6,885 16.3 +2.3
Libertarian Nancy Hurd 311 0.7 +0.2
Marxist–Leninist Larry Hannant 100 0.2
Total valid votes 42,224 100.0
1979 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Bruce Halliday 23,592 55.2 +8.8
Liberal Ron Calhoun 12,935 30.3 -12.6
New Democratic Marjorie Lanaway 5,980 14.0 +3.2
Libertarian Nancy Hurd 227 0.5
Total valid votes 42,734 100.0
1974 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Bruce Halliday 18,934 46.4 -16.2
Liberal Charlie Tatham 17,506 42.9 +12.0
New Democratic Peter Klynstra 4,398 10.8 +4.1
Total valid votes 40,838 100.0
1972 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Wally Nesbitt 25,438 62.5 +9.0
Liberal Charlie Tatham 12,540 30.8 -5.9
New Democratic Ron Wettlaufer 2,703 6.6 -3.0
Total valid votes 40,681 100.0
1968 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Wally Nesbitt 18,504 53.6 -2.1
Liberal Charlie Tatham 12,697 36.8 +4.6
New Democratic John Hilborn 3,335 9.7 -2.5
Total valid votes 34,536 100.0
1965 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Wally Nesbitt 17,657 55.6 -4.8
Liberal Leslie MacDonald Ball 10,202 32.2 -0.1
New Democratic Margaret Caffyn 3,870 12.2 +7.4
Total valid votes 31,729 100.0
1963 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Wally Nesbitt 19,402 60.4 +2.6
Liberal William Young 10,359 32.3 -1.6
New Democratic Wilf Vale 1,550 4.8 -1.2
Social Credit Margaret Elsom 805 2.5 +0.2
Total valid votes 32,116 100.0
1962 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Wally Nesbitt 18,352 57.8 -17.3
Liberal Robert Alan MacDougall 10,731 33.8 +9.0
New Democratic Wilf Vale 1,918 6.0
Social Credit Charles Elsom 735 2.3
Total valid votes 31,736 100.0
1958 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Wally Nesbitt 22,079 75.1 +6.3
Liberal Hector Alexander Clark 7,305 24.9 +74.8
Total valid votes 29,384 100.0
1957 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Wally Nesbitt 20,404 68.9 +18.8
Liberal Bruce McCall 8,275 27.9
Social Credit Charlie Elsom 944 3.2
Total valid votes 29,623 100.0
1953 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Wally Nesbitt 12,693 50.1 +4.8
Liberal Alexander Clark Murray 12,654 49.9 +1.6
Total valid votes 25,347 100.0
1949 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander Clark Murray 12,581 48.3 +6.6
Progressive Conservative Kenneth Daniel 11,791 45.2 -3.6
Co-operative Commonwealth William Gordon Goodwin 1,688 6.5
Total valid votes 26,060 100.0
1945 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Kenneth Daniel 11,916 48.9 +5.8
Liberal Almon Secord Rennie 10,149 41.6 -15.2
Co-operative Commonwealth Ralph Burton 2,310 9.5
Total valid votes 24,375 100.0

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election.

1940 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Almon Secord Rennie 10,975 56.9 +9.1
National Government Charles Thomas Milton 8,325 43.1 +7.0
Total valid votes 19,300 100.0

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

1935 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Almon Secord Rennie 11,438 47.8
Conservative Donald Matheson Sutherland 8,655 36.2
Reconstruction Richard Harley Mayberry 2,953 12.3
Co-operative Commonwealth William Andrew MacLeod 886 3.7
Total valid votes 23,932 100.0

See also

References

  • "Oxford (federal electoral district) (Code 35067) Census Profile". 2011 census. Government of Canada - Statistics Canada. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  • Beatty, Bob (Summer 2008). "Oxford MPs: Confederation till Now" (PDF). Oxford Update. Dave MacKenzie. p. 2. Retrieved 22 July 2009.
  • Riding history from the Library of Parliament
  • 2011 results from Elections Canada
  • Campaign expense data from Elections Canada

Notes

  1. ^ Markus was a member of the Christian Heritage Party, which was unregistered at the time

43°04′N 80°36′W / 43.06°N 80.6°W / 43.06; -80.6

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Oxford (federal electoral district)
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