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Brown-bellied swallow (Orochelidon murina)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Hirundinidae
Genus: Orochelidon
Ridgway, 1903
Type species
Petrochelidon murina
brown-bellied swallow
Cassin, 1853

Orochelidon is a genus of birds in the swallow family Hirundinidae. These species are resident in the Andes Mountains of South America.


The genus Orochelidon was introduced in 1903 by the America ornithologist Robert Ridgway with the brown-bellied swallow as the type species.[1][2] The name combines the Ancient Greek oros meaning "mountain" and khelidōn meaning "swallow".[3] The genus was formerly considered as a junior synonym of the genus Notiochelidon but was resurrected for a clade of Neotropical swallows based on a molecular phylogenetic study published in 2005.[4][5]


The genus contains three species:[5]


  1. ^ Ridgway, Robert (1903). "Descriptions of new genera species and subspecies of American birds". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 16: 105–111 [106].
  2. ^ Mayr, Ernst; Greenway, James C. Jr, eds. (1960). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 9. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 88.
  3. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 284. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  4. ^ Sheldon, F.H.; Whittingham, L.A.; Moyle, R.G.; Slikas, B.; Winkler, D.W. (2005). "Phylogeny of swallows (Aves: Hirundinidae) estimated from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequencing". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 35 (1): 254–270. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.11.008. PMID 15737595.
  5. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2021). "Swallows". IOC World Bird List Version 11.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 18 July 2021.

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